"An order of knighthood in Portugal, instituted by Sancho, the first king of Portugal, in imitation of the order of Calatrava, and having, like it, for its object the subjection of the Moors." — Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Aviz

"An order of knighthood in Portugal, instituted by Sancho, the first king of Portugal, in imitation…

The Maria Pia bridge (Ponte Maria Pia) is a railway bridge built in 1877 by Gustave Eiffel in Porto, Portugal. Built of wrought iron, its two-hinged crescent arch carries the railway line to Lisbon for 353m across the River Douro at a height of 60m. Eiffel's design was the least expensive of eight entries into an 1875 competition, being 31% less than the next lowest priced. The bridge was built to avoid a 12 km detour, and started on 5 January 1876 and completed on 4 November 1877. At that time its span of 160m was the longest arch bridge in the world, the previous record holder, at 156m, being the Eads Bridge over the Mississippi at St Louis. The bridge was opened by the king of Portugal and named after his queen Maria Pia.

Maria Pia Bridge

The Maria Pia bridge (Ponte Maria Pia) is a railway bridge built in 1877 by Gustave Eiffel in Porto,…

(1524-1580) Luis Vaz de Camoes is considered Portugal's greatest poet.

Camoens

(1524-1580) Luis Vaz de Camoes is considered Portugal's greatest poet.

A Portuguese explorer who was the first person to sail direcctly from Europe to India.

Vasco da Gama

A Portuguese explorer who was the first person to sail direcctly from Europe to India.

Navigator of Portugal

Prince Henry

Navigator of Portugal

An infante of the Kingdom of Portugal, and was responsible for the early development of European exploration and maritime trade with other continents.

Prince Henry

An infante of the Kingdom of Portugal, and was responsible for the early development of European exploration…

(1753-   ) Aid to Washington, colonel, and American ambassador to Portugal and Spain.

Colonel David Humphreys

(1753- ) Aid to Washington, colonel, and American ambassador to Portugal and Spain.

The Lisbon earthquake of 1755. It destroyed a great part of the city and its 60,000 inhabitants.

Lisbon Earthquake

The Lisbon earthquake of 1755. It destroyed a great part of the city and its 60,000 inhabitants.

"In Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, and elsewhere the manufacture of wine from grapes is an important industry of the people." —The Popular Cyclopedia, 1888

Wine growing

"In Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, and elsewhere the manufacture of wine from grapes is an important…