"James Buchanan, fifteenth president of the United States and involved in the pre-Civil War era."—E. Benjamin Andrews 1895

James Buchanan

"James Buchanan, fifteenth president of the United States and involved in the pre-Civil War era."—E.…

From the painting, "First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln" by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. From left to right: Edwin Stanton (Secretary of War), Salmon Chase (Secretary of the Treasury), Abraham Lincoln (President of the United States), Gideon Welles (Secretary of the Navy), Caleb B. Smith (Secretary of the Interior), William Seward [sitting] (Secretary of State), Montgomery Blair (Postmaster General), and Edward Bates (Attorney General).

Emancipation Proclamation

From the painting, "First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln" by Francis…

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 - September 19, 1881) was the twentieth President of the United States. He was assassinated six months after he assumed the presidency. Pictured here, Garfield is sixteen years old.

James Abram Garfield at Sixteen

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 - September 19, 1881) was the twentieth President of the United…

"Ulysses S. Grant, president of the United States after the Civil War."—E. Benjamin Andrews 1895

Ulysses S. Grant

"Ulysses S. Grant, president of the United States after the Civil War."—E. Benjamin Andrews 1895

The ninth President of the United States, serving only a month in office before becoming the first President to die in office.

William Henry Harrison

The ninth President of the United States, serving only a month in office before becoming the first President…

A drawing of Andrew Jackson receiving delegates.

Jackson as President Receiving Delegates

A drawing of Andrew Jackson receiving delegates.

Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837).

Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States…

Montpelier was the estate of James Madison, fourth President of the United States.

Montpelier: The Home of James Madison

Montpelier was the estate of James Madison, fourth President of the United States.

The tenth President of the United States, serving from 1841 to 1845. He was the first President to succeed to the office following the death of a predecessor.

John Tyler

The tenth President of the United States, serving from 1841 to 1845. He was the first President to succeed…