"The columns of <em>cipollino</em>, which belonged to the Palace of Domitian." &mdash; Young, 1901

Columns of Domitian

"The columns of cipollino, which belonged to the Palace of Domitian." — Young, 1901

"Columns of Temple of Castor, Temple of Augustus, and Palatine Hill." &mdash; Young, 1901

Columns of Temple of Castor

"Columns of Temple of Castor, Temple of Augustus, and Palatine Hill." — Young, 1901

This Roman console is shown in the front and side view. It is a design that includes two decorative swans found at the Vatican in Rome, Italy.

Roman Console

This Roman console is shown in the front and side view. It is a design that includes two decorative…

This Roman console is shown in its front and side view. It is found in the Temple of Jupiter Stator in Rome, Italy.

Roman Console

This Roman console is shown in its front and side view. It is found in the Temple of Jupiter Stator…

Roman emperor, declared Christianity state religion.

Constantine

Roman emperor, declared Christianity state religion.

Emperor of Rome from 306 to 337. He is best known for being the first Christian Roman emperor.

Constantine the Great

Emperor of Rome from 306 to 337. He is best known for being the first Christian Roman emperor.

"This arch is the most modern and the best preseved of all the buildings which remain of the Imperial period. Probably it owes its preservation to the Christianity of its hero." &mdash; Young, 1901

Arch of Constantine

"This arch is the most modern and the best preseved of all the buildings which remain of the Imperial…

"The vast Arch of Constantine owes much of its interest to its sculptures having been borrowed from a Trajan monument of earlier date." &mdash;D'Anvers, 1895

Arch of Constantine

"The vast Arch of Constantine owes much of its interest to its sculptures having been borrowed from…

The Arch of Constantine was erected to celebrate Constantine's victory of Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge. It is situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill.

Arch of Constantine

The Arch of Constantine was erected to celebrate Constantine's victory of Maxentius at the Battle of…

In the streets of Constantinople one might find lemonade sands, sweetmeats, coffee, and pipes and at all hours can be seen the native smoking accompanied by no end of dogs.

Life in Constantinople

In the streets of Constantinople one might find lemonade sands, sweetmeats, coffee, and pipes and at…

Corinthian Order, common amonth the Romans.

Corinthian Order

Corinthian Order, common amonth the Romans.

Cornu is a latin word for a horn.

Cornu

Cornu is a latin word for a horn.

A luxurious couch used during the era of the Roman Empire.

Semicircular Dining Couch

A luxurious couch used during the era of the Roman Empire.

The Italian Renaissance decorated shaft is designed on a tomb in St. Maria del Popolo in Rome, Italy. It is a design of foliage and festoons.

Italian Renaissance Decorated Shaft

The Italian Renaissance decorated shaft is designed on a tomb in St. Maria del Popolo in Rome, Italy.…

The mask decoration was founded in Pompeii, Rome. These masks were used as keystone decorations of doors and window arches.

Mask Decoration

The mask decoration was founded in Pompeii, Rome. These masks were used as keystone decorations of doors…

The mask decoration was found in Pompeii, Rome. These masks were used as keystone decorations of doors and window arches.

SideMask Decoration

The mask decoration was found in Pompeii, Rome. These masks were used as keystone decorations of doors…

"Denarius of the earliest kind: Having on the obverse a personification of Rome as a warrior with helmet; and on the reverse, a chariot drawn by four horses." &mdash; Chambers' Encyclopedia, 1875

Denarius

"Denarius of the earliest kind: Having on the obverse a personification of Rome as a warrior with helmet;…

Silver coin from the Roman empire.

Denarius of Tiberius Caeser

Silver coin from the Roman empire.

Emperor of the Roman Empire from 284 to 286 AD, and again from 286 to 305.

Diocletian

Emperor of the Roman Empire from 284 to 286 AD, and again from 286 to 305.

Emperor of Rome from 284 to 305.

Diocletian

Emperor of Rome from 284 to 305.

"The Discobolus, after Myron. In the Palazzo Massimi, at Rome." &mdash;D'Anvers, 1895

Discobolus

"The Discobolus, after Myron. In the Palazzo Massimi, at Rome." —D'Anvers, 1895

The Coin of the King of the Suessiones, Diviciacus, with bust on front and prancing horse on back. Front.

Coin of Diviciacus

The Coin of the King of the Suessiones, Diviciacus, with bust on front and prancing horse on back. Front.

The Coin of the King of the Suessiones, Diviciacus, with bust on front and prancing horse on back. Back.

Coin of Diviciacus

The Coin of the King of the Suessiones, Diviciacus, with bust on front and prancing horse on back. Back.

Roman emperor.

Domitian

Roman emperor.

Restoration of the column of Gaius Duilius, a Roman politician and admiral in the First Punic War.

Column of Duilius

Restoration of the column of Gaius Duilius, a Roman politician and admiral in the First Punic War.

"The column was adorned with the brazen beaks of the captured Carthaginian vessels. Part of the inscription reciting the achievements of the Roman fleet has been preserved."&mdash;Webster, 1913

Column of Duilis

"The column was adorned with the brazen beaks of the captured Carthaginian vessels. Part of the inscription…

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the Persians as a standard in the battle of Cunaxa, B. C. 401. The Romans used eagles of silver, or more rarely of gold, carried in the same way as standards. The Napoleon dynasty of France also adopted the eagle as their symbol. A double-headed eagle is the emblem of Russia, Austria, and Prussia."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

French Eagle

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the…

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the Persians as a standard in the battle of Cunaxa, B. C. 401. The Romans used eagles of silver, or more rarely of gold, carried in the same way as standards. The Napoleon dynasty of France also adopted the eagle as their symbol. A double-headed eagle is the emblem of Russia, Austria, and Prussia."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

German Eagle

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the…

The Roman Eagle is found at the Vatican in Rome.

Roman Eagle

The Roman Eagle is found at the Vatican in Rome.

The Roman Eagle is in an oak garland a bas-relief. Originally located in Trajan's Forum, now is in SS. Apostoli, Rome.

Roman Eagle

The Roman Eagle is in an oak garland a bas-relief. Originally located in Trajan's Forum, now is in SS.…

"Eirene (Peace)." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Eirene

"Eirene (Peace)." —Bulfinch, 1897

A ornate Roman engraving.

Roman engraving

A ornate Roman engraving.

Coin of the Fabian family showing bust on front and torch on back. Front.

Coin of Fabian Family

Coin of the Fabian family showing bust on front and torch on back. Front.

Coin of the Fabian family showing bust on front and torch on back. Back.

Coin of Fabian Family

Coin of the Fabian family showing bust on front and torch on back. Back.

"Facade of old St. Peters Rome." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Facade

"Facade of old St. Peters Rome." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

In the Giraud Palace and the great Palazzo della Cancelleria, pilasters appear in the external composition, and all the details of doors and windows betray the results of classic study, as well as the refined taste of their designer.

Façade of the Giraud Palace, Rome

In the Giraud Palace and the great Palazzo della Cancelleria, pilasters appear in the external composition,…

Palazzo Farnese is a prominent High Renaissance palace in Rome, which currently houses the French Embassy in Italy. According to Sir Banister Fletcher it is "the most imposing Italian palace of the sixteenth century."

Plan of Farnese Palace

Palazzo Farnese is a prominent High Renaissance palace in Rome, which currently houses the French Embassy…

"The symbolic fasces borne by these officers were probably of Ertuscan origin. The Tarquins are said to have brought them to Rome along with other insignia of the kingly office."&mdash;Myers, 1904

Lictors with Fasces

"The symbolic fasces borne by these officers were probably of Ertuscan origin. The Tarquins are said…

"Sylvanus and Faunus were Latin divinities, whose characteristics are so nearly the same as Pan that we may safely consider them as the same personage under different names." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Faunus

"Sylvanus and Faunus were Latin divinities, whose characteristics are so nearly the same as Pan that…

The Tomb of Beatrice and Lavinia Ponzetti Festoon is a leaf festoon found in St. Maria della Pace, Rome during the Renaissance.

Tomb of Beatrice and Lavinia Ponzetti Festoon

The Tomb of Beatrice and Lavinia Ponzetti Festoon is a leaf festoon found in St. Maria della Pace, Rome…

The Tomb of cardinal Della Rovere Festoon is garland design found in Maria del Popolo, Rome during the Italian Renaissance.

Tomb of Cardinal Della Rovere Festoon

The Tomb of cardinal Della Rovere Festoon is garland design found in Maria del Popolo, Rome during the…

The part of shaft foliated is a Roman state-candelabrum that is made out of marble. It is found at the Vatican museum in Rome, Italy.

Part of Shaft Foliated

The part of shaft foliated is a Roman state-candelabrum that is made out of marble. It is found at the…

Roman Foot Soldier during the Conquest of Italy

Foot Soldier

Roman Foot Soldier during the Conquest of Italy

"Forum of Pompeii. A, principal entrance; B, a Corinthian temple; C, the public prison (carcer publicus); D is supposed to have been a horreum, or public granary; E, temple of Venus, the guardian goddess of the city; F, basilica; G, H, I, the curiae, or civil and commercial tribunals; K, a rectangular building which may have served the purpose of a shop for money-changers; L, a portico terminating in an apsis; M, temple of Mercury or Quirinus; N, a building with a large semicircular tribune, which probably constituted the residence of the priests called Augustales." -Whitney, 1911

Forum of Pompeii

"Forum of Pompeii. A, principal entrance; B, a Corinthian temple; C, the public prison (carcer publicus);…

"The Fountain Trevi." &mdash; Young, 1901

Trevi Fountain

"The Fountain Trevi." — Young, 1901

The parallel fret band is a pattern that is parallel in perspective that was found in a Roman mosaic pavement.

Parallel Fret Band

The parallel fret band is a pattern that is parallel in perspective that was found in a Roman mosaic…

The Dolphin Frieze was found in St. Maria dell Anima, Rome from 1500 to 1514.

Dolphin Frieze

The Dolphin Frieze was found in St. Maria dell Anima, Rome from 1500 to 1514.

The Dolphin Frieze is a part of a larger frieze found in Rome at the Arco della chiesa nuovo (the arc of the new church) during the Italian Renaissance.

Dolphin Frieze

The Dolphin Frieze is a part of a larger frieze found in Rome at the Arco della chiesa nuovo (the arc…

The Dolphin Frieze is part of a larger frieze in St. Maria della Pace, Rome. Designed by Bramate in 1504.

Dolphin Frieze

The Dolphin Frieze is part of a larger frieze in St. Maria della Pace, Rome. Designed by Bramate in…

"Elated by the victory, the Romans now determined to drive Carthage out of the island altogether. This, however, could not be accomplished without a fleet. Such ships as Rome possessed were old and out of date, and a wrecked Carthaginian galley was taken as a model for the new fleet." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Roman galley

"Elated by the victory, the Romans now determined to drive Carthage out of the island altogether. This,…

Coin of the Gauls picturing human figure on front and figure of animal on back.

Gallic Coin

Coin of the Gauls picturing human figure on front and figure of animal on back.

Coin of the Gauls picturing deer on front and animal on back.

Gallic Coin

Coin of the Gauls picturing deer on front and animal on back.

Coin of the Gauls.

Gallic Coin

Coin of the Gauls.

Coin of the Gauls.

Gallic Coin

Coin of the Gauls.

A Gallic Coin. Front.

Gallic Coin

A Gallic Coin. Front.

A Gallic Coin. Back.

Gallic Coin

A Gallic Coin. Back.

A Gallic coin with a human figure on the front. Front.

Gallic Coin

A Gallic coin with a human figure on the front. Front.

A Gallic coin with a human figure on the front. Back.

Gallic Coin

A Gallic coin with a human figure on the front. Back.

A Gallic coin. Front.

Gallic Coin

A Gallic coin. Front.

A Gallic coin. Back.

Gallic Coin

A Gallic coin. Back.