"Among the remarkable inventions of a remote era, may be mentioned bellows and siphons. The former were used as early as the reign of Thothmes the Third, and contemporary of Moses, being represented in a tomb bearing the name of that Pharaoh. They consisted of a leather bag, sewed and fitted into a frame, from which a long pipe extended for carrying the wind to the fire. They were worked by the feet, the operator standing in front of them, with one under each foot, and pressing them alternately, while he pulled up each exhausted skin by a string." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian bellows

"Among the remarkable inventions of a remote era, may be mentioned bellows and siphons. The former were…

"Shell of a Bivalve Mollusk, inner surface. ad.a., depression showing the attachment of the anterior adductor muscle; ad.p., posterior adductor muscle; h, hinge with teeth; l, attachments of the ligaments; p, pallial line, marking the attachment of the mantle muscles; s, the pallial sinus, marking the attachment of the retractor muscles of the siphon; u, umbo or beak." — Galloway

Bivalve Mollusk

"Shell of a Bivalve Mollusk, inner surface. ad.a., depression showing the attachment of the anterior…

"Whenever liquid reaches the bottom of the short leg on the siphon inside the cup, the liquid is discharged out of the bottom of the siphon. Discharge continues until the liquid level drops below the short leg of the siphon." —Quackenbos 1859

Tantalus's Cup

"Whenever liquid reaches the bottom of the short leg on the siphon inside the cup, the liquid is discharged…

"Pearly Nautilus. e, eye; h, hood, a muscular portion of the foot which protects the softer parts; s, siphon; se, septa, separating the successive chambers of the shell; sp, siphuncle; t, tentacles." — Galloway

Pearly Nautilus

"Pearly Nautilus. e, eye; h, hood, a muscular portion of the foot which protects the softer parts; s,…

One sort of pump once common worldwide was a hand-powered water pump over a water well where people could work it to extract water, before most houses had individual water supplies.

Hand Operated Pump

One sort of pump once common worldwide was a hand-powered water pump over a water well where people…

Refinery Siphon and Alembic.

Refinery Siphon

Refinery Siphon and Alembic.

There are many different kinds of funnels that have been adapted for specialized applications in the laboratory. Filter funnels, thistle funnels, and dropping funnels have stopcocks which allow the fluids to be added to a flask slowly.

Roost Funnel

There are many different kinds of funnels that have been adapted for specialized applications in the…

Water flows frow the higher glass through the tub and into the lower glass.

Siphon

Water flows frow the higher glass through the tub and into the lower glass.

A bent tube with limbs of unequal length, used for drawing liquids from one vessel into another.

Siphon

A bent tube with limbs of unequal length, used for drawing liquids from one vessel into another.

"The action of the siphon illustrates the effect of atmospheric pressure. It is simply a bent tube having unequal branches, open at both ends, and is used to convey a liquid from a higher point to a lower, over an intermediate point higher than either." — Hallock, 1905

Siphon

"The action of the siphon illustrates the effect of atmospheric pressure. It is simply a bent tube having…

"A bent tube with one limb longer than the other, by means of which a liquid can be drawn off to a lower level over the side of a vessel or other point higher than the upper surface of the liquid."—Finley, 1917

Siphon

"A bent tube with one limb longer than the other, by means of which a liquid can be drawn off to a lower…

"The vertical distance form the level of the upper liquid to the highest point of the tube (ab) is the length of one arm; the vertical distance from the highest point of the tube to the lower end of the tube, or to the level of the liquid into which it dips (cd), is the length of the other arm. The second of these must exceed the first." -Avery 1895

Siphon

"The vertical distance form the level of the upper liquid to the highest point of the tube (ab) is the…

"Partly fill two bottles with water. Connect them by a bent tube that fits closely into the mouth of one, and loosely into the mouth of the other. Place the bottle under the receiver and exhause the air. Note and record what takes place. Admit air to the receiver. Note and record what takes place." -Avery 1895

Bottle Siphon

"Partly fill two bottles with water. Connect them by a bent tube that fits closely into the mouth of…

"A siphon is used to draw off liquids from a higher elevation to a lower one. The siphon uses the vacuum created by the flowing liquid to continuously draw fresh liquid into the siphon." —Quackenbos 1859

The Siphon

"A siphon is used to draw off liquids from a higher elevation to a lower one. The siphon uses the vacuum…

The siphon is an instrument in which a liquid, under the combined action of its own weight and atmospheric pressure, flows first uphill and then downhill.

Siphon

The siphon is an instrument in which a liquid, under the combined action of its own weight and atmospheric…

A siphon (also spelled syphon) is a continuous tube that allows liquid to drain from a reservoir through an intermediate point that is higher, or lower, than the reservoir, the flow being driven only by the difference in hydrostatic pressure without any need for pumping. It is necessary that the final end of the tube be lower than the liquid surface in the reservoir

Siphon

A siphon (also spelled syphon) is a continuous tube that allows liquid to drain from a reservoir through…

A Siphon can be started by inserting one end of a tube in the liquid and sucking at the other end. It is more convenient to apply suction by means of a side tube as shown to prevent the liquid from entering the mouth.

Starting the Siphon

A Siphon can be started by inserting one end of a tube in the liquid and sucking at the other end. It…

A siphon, which illustrates the effects of atmospheric pressure.

The Siphon

A siphon, which illustrates the effects of atmospheric pressure.

"Illustration showing various forms of the siphon." —Hallock 1905

Various Siphons

"Illustration showing various forms of the siphon." —Hallock 1905

A siphon discharge cistern is provided in which the cistern can be discharged either partially or fully with the necessity of the operator waiting until the flushing action is completed.

Water Closet Cistern

A siphon discharge cistern is provided in which the cistern can be discharged either partially or fully…