The headquarters of Major Robert Anderson at Fort Sumter, South Carolina during the American Civil War.

Major Anderson's Headquarters

The headquarters of Major Robert Anderson at Fort Sumter, South Carolina during the American Civil War.

An illustration of the South Carolina coast near Fort Sumter.

Beach

An illustration of the South Carolina coast near Fort Sumter.

John C. Calhoun (March 18, 1782 - March 31, 1850) was a leading Southern politician and political philosopher from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century. He is perhaps best known as the first Vice President to resign his office. Illustration of John C, Calhoun's grave.

John C. Calhoun's Grave

John C. Calhoun (March 18, 1782 - March 31, 1850) was a leading Southern politician and political philosopher…

John C. Calhoun, a senator from South Carolina who instigated the doctrine of nullification in his state.

John C. Calhoun

John C. Calhoun, a senator from South Carolina who instigated the doctrine of nullification in his state.

John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a leading United States Southern politician and political philosopher from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century.

John Caldwell Calhoun

John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782 – March 31, 1850) was a leading United States Southern politician…

The state banner of South Carolina, the palmetto state.

South Carolina

The state banner of South Carolina, the palmetto state.

An illustration of Magnolia Cemetery located in Charleston, South Carolina. Approximately 35,000 people are buried at Magnolia Cemetery, 2,200 of which are Civil War Veterans.  Included in that number are five Confederate generals and fourteen signers of the Ordinance of Succession.

Magnolia Cemetery

An illustration of Magnolia Cemetery located in Charleston, South Carolina. Approximately 35,000 people…

A view of Charleston, South Carolina during the Civil War.

Charleston During the Civil War

A view of Charleston, South Carolina during the Civil War.

A palmetto tree in Charleston, South Carolina.

A Palmetto Tree in Charleston, S.C.

A palmetto tree in Charleston, South Carolina.

A view of the historic city Charleston in South Carolina.

Charleston, S.C.

A view of the historic city Charleston in South Carolina.

An illustration of Charleston, South Carolina during the Civil War.

Charleston, South Carolina

An illustration of Charleston, South Carolina during the Civil War.

An illustration of the ruins of St. Finbar located in Charleston, SC.

Church Ruins

An illustration of the ruins of St. Finbar located in Charleston, SC.

An illustration of a cliff over looking the Tugaloo river. The Tugaloo River is a short river bordering Georgia and South Carolina. It is fed by the Tallulah River and the Chattooga River.

Cliff overlooking Tugaloo River

An illustration of a cliff over looking the Tugaloo river. The Tugaloo River is a short river bordering…

A colonial gate in Charleston, South Carolina.

A Colonial Gate

A colonial gate in Charleston, South Carolina.

The United States Custom House in Charleston, South Carolina.

The Custom House in Charleston

The United States Custom House in Charleston, South Carolina.

Monument to Johann von Robaii, Baron de Kalb a German soldier and volunteer who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

Baron de Kalb's Monument

Monument to Johann von Robaii, Baron de Kalb a German soldier and volunteer who served as a major general…

On August 31, 1886, Charleston was nearly destroyed by an earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter scale that was felt as far away as Boston and Bermuda.

Results of the Earthquake in Charleston S.C., Aug. 31, 1886

On August 31, 1886, Charleston was nearly destroyed by an earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter scale…

A floating battery at Charleston, SC.

Floating Battery at Charleston

A floating battery at Charleston, SC.

The attack on Fort Moultrie, South Carolina.

Attack on Fort Moultrie

The attack on Fort Moultrie, South Carolina.

Fort Sumter before the Civil War.

Fort Sumter

Fort Sumter before the Civil War.

The fort is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter.

Fort Sumter

The fort is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at…

The fort is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter. Pictured here is Fort Sumter following the bombardment in 1864.

Inside the Walls of Fort Sumter

The fort is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at…

The fort is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter. Pictured here is Fort Sumter following the bombardment in 1864.

Fort Sumter in 1864

The fort is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at…

"Shelling of the batteries at Galveston by the United States war steamer <em>South Carolina</em>, on Monday afternoon, August 5th, 1861." &mdash;Leslie, 1896

Galveston

"Shelling of the batteries at Galveston by the United States war steamer South Carolina, on…

Wade Hampton III (March 28, 1818 - April 11, 1902) was a Confederate cavalry leader during the American Civil War and afterwards a politician from South Carolina, serving as its governor and as a U.S. Senator.

Wade Hampton III

Wade Hampton III (March 28, 1818 - April 11, 1902) was a Confederate cavalry leader during the American…

"Expedition to Port Royal- Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., by the Federal forces under General Sherman, 1861-2. Our illustration of the Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., embrace the following points of interest: Signal Station for telegraphing to beaufort, Bay Point, etc; post office, formerly old confederate barn; Captan Hascell's office and storehouses; old Confederate building; storehouse for ammunition; unfinished dwelling; boxes filled with shot and shell; heavy shot; temporary wharf; siege gun-carriages; building permanent wharf; heavy columbiads; armories department, and part of the stone fleet. This sketch cannot fail to be generally interesting, more especially to those who had friends or relatives in this expedition, or participated in it themselves. The buildings were unpleasantly significant to the secessionists that the Federal troops had come to stay." &mdash;Leslie, 1896

Hilton Head

"Expedition to Port Royal- Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., by the Federal forces…

"Expedition to Port Royal- Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., by the Federal forces under General Sherman, 1861-2. Our illustration of the Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., embrace the following points of interest: Commissary's Quarters, built by the Confederates; Post Sutler's, built by the Confederates; Camp of the Eighth Main Regiment; butcher's yard; Camp of the Third New Hampshire regiment; Camp of the Forty-eighth New York regiment; Camp of the Forty-seventh New York regiment; Provost Marshal Major Beard's quarters and Provost Marshal's guard; General Viele's headquarter's; General Sherman's headquarters; Captain Pothouse's (Assistant Adjutant-general) headquarters; lodging house, built by the Confederates; bakery; unfinished building; Captain Saxton's office, and other Government offices, formerly Generals Drayton and Wright's headquarters." —Leslie, 1896

Hilton Head

"Expedition to Port Royal- Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., by the Federal forces…

An illustration of Roper Hospital in Charleston, SC.

Hospital

An illustration of Roper Hospital in Charleston, SC.

An illustration of typical southern Victorian house located in Charleston, SC.

House

An illustration of typical southern Victorian house located in Charleston, SC.

"Repulse of the Confederates at James Island, near Charleston, S. C., June 10th, 1862, in the attempt to capture the pickets of General Wright's division. Our correspondent wrote: "General Benham conceived the design of making a dash across James Island and taking Fort Johnson by surprise. After due deliberation General Hunter agreed to his plan, and troops were transported from Port Royal and taken up Stono River, which was occupied by our gunboats. Two camps were formed on the shore of James Island, about two miles apart, one commanded by General Stevens, and the other by General Wright. Between these camps and Charleston a large force of Confederates, said to be eight thousand men, under command of Colonel Lamar, was stationed to check the advance of the Federals. The advance of this force held possession of a powerful earthwork, about two miles from the Federal camp. The first collision between the hostile forces took place on the 4th of June, in which the Confederates captured about twenty of our men. Later in the day we drove them from their position, and captured a battery of four guns. Things remained quiet until the 10th, when a reconnoissance in force was made for the purpose of advancing our picket lines and taking an earthern fort the Confederates had erected at a place called Secessionville, whose guns threw their shells into our camps, and even into the river where the gunboats were lying, while they were beyond our range. On the afternoon of the 10th the Confederates attacked General Wright's pickets, and were repulsed with heavy loss, our loss being very slight."" &mdash;Leslie, 1896

James Island

"Repulse of the Confederates at James Island, near Charleston, S. C., June 10th, 1862, in the attempt…

David F. Jamison (1810-1864) was one of the founders of the Citadel and was elected president of the South Carolina secession convention in 1860.

David F. Jamison

David F. Jamison (1810-1864) was one of the founders of the Citadel and was elected president of the…

An American soldier who recovered the South Carolina flag and temporarily restored it during a battle in 1776.

Sergeant Jasper

An American soldier who recovered the South Carolina flag and temporarily restored it during a battle…

Henry Laurens (March 6, 1724 &ndash; December 8, 1792) was an American merchant and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War.

Henry Laurens

Henry Laurens (March 6, 1724 – December 8, 1792) was an American merchant and rice planter from…

The branch of a Magnolia acuminata cordata, mostly found on the Blue Ridge in South Carolina.

Branch of Magnolia Acuminata Cordata

The branch of a Magnolia acuminata cordata, mostly found on the Blue Ridge in South Carolina.

The residence of Francis Marion in Georgetown, South Carolina.

Marion's Residence

The residence of Francis Marion in Georgetown, South Carolina.

(1730-1805) Governor of South Carolina and soldier in the Revolution

William Moultrie

(1730-1805) Governor of South Carolina and soldier in the Revolution

First Governor of South Carolina

William Moultrie

First Governor of South Carolina

An illustration of Battery Park is a landmark promenade in Charleston, South Carolina famous for it's stately antebellum homes. First used as a public public park in 1867, it became a place for artillery during the American Civil War.

Battery Park

An illustration of Battery Park is a landmark promenade in Charleston, South Carolina famous for it's…

An illustration of Battery Park is a landmark promenade in Charleston, South Carolina famous for it's stately antebellum homes. First used as a public public park in 1867, it became a place for artillery during the American Civil War.

Battery Park

An illustration of Battery Park is a landmark promenade in Charleston, South Carolina famous for it's…

An illustration of a rice plantation located in South Carolina.

Rice Plantation

An illustration of a rice plantation located in South Carolina.

Illustration of a post office in Charleston, South Carolina.

Post Office

Illustration of a post office in Charleston, South Carolina.

African slaves unloading rice barges at a South Carolinian rice plantation.

Unloading Rice barges

African slaves unloading rice barges at a South Carolinian rice plantation.

Edward Rutledge (November 23, 1749 – January 23, 1800), South Carolina statesman, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and later governor of South Carolina.

Edward Rutledge

Edward Rutledge (November 23, 1749 – January 23, 1800), South Carolina statesman, was a signer of…

The official seal of the U.S. state of South Carolina in 1889.

South Carolina

The official seal of the U.S. state of South Carolina in 1889.

The United States seal of South Carolina with the ruins of Fort Sumter in the background.

South Carolina

The United States seal of South Carolina with the ruins of Fort Sumter in the background.

On the day that South Carolina proclaimed sovereignty, a banner for the new state was adopted.

South Carolina Flag

On the day that South Carolina proclaimed sovereignty, a banner for the new state was adopted.

A small medal was struck in commemoration of the great act of separation of South Carolina. They became a separate, free, independent State.

South Carolina Medal

A small medal was struck in commemoration of the great act of separation of South Carolina. They became…

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1875

South Carolina seal

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1875

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1876

South Carolina seal

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1876

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1876

South Carolina seal

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1876

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1904

South Carolina seal

Seal of the state of South Carolina, 1904

A political cartoon of the Southern states being built from the ruins after the Civil War.

Southern Republic Built From The Ruins

A political cartoon of the Southern states being built from the ruins after the Civil War.

The historic colonial church in Charleston, South Carolina.

St. Michael's Church

The historic colonial church in Charleston, South Carolina.

An illustration of the state house located in Columbia, South Carolina.

State House

An illustration of the state house located in Columbia, South Carolina.

One of the most famous Parrott rifles is the Swamp Angel, an 8-inch (200 mm) gun used by federal Brigadier General Quincy Adams Gillmore to bombard Charleston, South Carolina.

Swamp Angel

One of the most famous Parrott rifles is the Swamp Angel, an 8-inch (200 mm) gun used by federal Brigadier…