Ashtaroth, or Astarte, was among the idols of Syria; this medal shows she was worshiped in Jerusalem.  In her left hand she holds a staff, her right a human head and walks on a prostrate figure.

Astarte

Ashtaroth, or Astarte, was among the idols of Syria; this medal shows she was worshiped in Jerusalem.…

Circular and polygonal plans appear in a number of Syrian examples of the early sixth century. Their most striking feature is the inscribing of the circle of polygon in a square which forms the exterior outline, and the use of four niches to fill out the corners. This occurs at Kelat Seman, a small double church, perhaps the tomb and chapel of a martyr; in the cathedral at Bozrah, and in the small domical church of St. George at Ezra. These were probably the prototypes of many Byzantine churches like St. Sergius at Constantinople, and San Vitale at Ravenna.

Cathedral at Bosra

Circular and polygonal plans appear in a number of Syrian examples of the early sixth century. Their…

A Syrian bull.

Bull

A Syrian bull.

(69 B.C.- 30 B.C.) Cleopatra was Queen of Egypt. She had a history with Caesar and went through two dramatic wars.

Cleopatra

(69 B.C.- 30 B.C.) Cleopatra was Queen of Egypt. She had a history with Caesar and went through two…

"The street called Straight can be seen starting at the right foreground of the picture and extending across the city from east to west. It is roofed all the way."—Webster, 1920

Damascus

"The street called Straight can be seen starting at the right foreground of the picture and extending…

A town located in modern day Syria, about 33 miles NW of Jerusalem.

Jaffa

A town located in modern day Syria, about 33 miles NW of Jerusalem.

"Outdoor costume of modern Syrian Men." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Modern Syrians

"Outdoor costume of modern Syrian Men." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

"Outdoor costume of modern Syrian Men." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Modern Syrians

"Outdoor costume of modern Syrian Men." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

An ancient city located in the heart of the Syrian Desert.

Ruins of Palmyra

An ancient city located in the heart of the Syrian Desert.

A plan of the church of Kalat–Seman in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo. The church is also known as St. Simon Stylites, Samaan, or San Simeon, consecrated in AD 476, and is considered to be one of the oldest remaining churches in the world.

Plan of Church of Kalat-Seman

A plan of the church of Kalat–Seman in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo. The church is also…

An illustration of an Egyptian hieroglyphic depicting Ramesses II returning in triumph from Syria.

Ramesses II Returning From Syria

An illustration of an Egyptian hieroglyphic depicting Ramesses II returning in triumph from Syria.

A fat-tailed Syrian sheep, found during biblical times.

Sheep

A fat-tailed Syrian sheep, found during biblical times.

"This church was erected, a few years after Simeon's death, around the pillar (the base of which is to be seen in the cut) upon which the saint had passed so many years. It became one of the most popular of the medieval pilgrim shrines."—Myers, 1905

Ruins of the Church of St. Simeon Stylites

"This church was erected, a few years after Simeon's death, around the pillar (the base of which is…

"The ruins at Balbec in Syria lie amidst desolate mountains, forty miles from the sea. They consist of a group of shattered temples crowning the ancient acropolis. Six massive columns nearly one hundred feet high, supporting a marble frieze, are all that remains of the majestic Temple of the Sun."—Webster, 1913

Temple of the Sun

"The ruins at Balbec in Syria lie amidst desolate mountains, forty miles from the sea. They consist…

"Indoor costume of modern Syrian Women." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Syrian Women

"Indoor costume of modern Syrian Women." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

"Outdoor costume of modern Syrian Women." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Syrian Women

"Outdoor costume of modern Syrian Women." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Tombs hewn in the rock at Petra, an old Arabian city located in Ma'an, a governorate of Jordan, which makes up most of modern day Syria.

Tomb

Tombs hewn in the rock at Petra, an old Arabian city located in Ma'an, a governorate of Jordan, which…