"The ordinary tail-vice used by mechanics has not yet been largely superseded, though many ingenious arrangements have been devised for remedying its main defect." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Tail-vice

"The ordinary tail-vice used by mechanics has not yet been largely superseded, though many ingenious…

A garden tool used to flatten granular material.

Tamper

A garden tool used to flatten granular material.

The point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides a point of connection to external circuits. A terminal may simply be the end of a wire or it may be fitted with a connector or fastener.

Attachment Terminal

The point at which a conductor from an electrical component, device or network comes to an end and provides…

"An instrument much employed in land-surveying for the measurement of angles horizontal and verticle." — Chambers, 1881

Theodolite

"An instrument much employed in land-surveying for the measurement of angles horizontal and verticle."…

"Tilt Hammer." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Tilt Hammer

"Tilt Hammer." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

The Buckeye mower was manufactured between 1875 and 1899 by Buckeye Mower and Reaper Co. Considered a outstanding mower, with top quality material and workmanship, easy handling, durablity, with minimal repairs needed in comparision to other mowers of its time.

Buckeye Mower

The Buckeye mower was manufactured between 1875 and 1899 by Buckeye Mower and Reaper Co. Considered…

A tool used to make holes in metal cylindrical bearing surface, or bushings. The holes are created by adjusting the latch at the end to move the bushing lengthwise while turning.

Bushing Radial Hole Boring Tool

A tool used to make holes in metal cylindrical bearing surface, or bushings. The holes are created by…

Horse-rakes are on a footing different from mowing machines. Grass may be cut in the morning, in the evening, or in a cloudy day. But the hay must be raked at the very right time, or it may be entirely spoiled.

Carpenter's Improved Horse-rake

Horse-rakes are on a footing different from mowing machines. Grass may be cut in the morning, in the…

A combination vise, anvil, and drill tool.

Combination Tool

A combination vise, anvil, and drill tool.

An accurate hole making tool by a centring tool, held by a screw, is pushed down onto the material while the lathe is running.

Combined Centring and Countersinking Tool

An accurate hole making tool by a centring tool, held by a screw, is pushed down onto the material while…

Farmers have said that the common hand-rake operates very well. It is preferred among farmers because it saves money and time.

Hand Rake

Farmers have said that the common hand-rake operates very well. It is preferred among farmers because…

A tool which is used to apply composite strips such as caulk, Caulking is a process used to seal and make weather tight joints.

Composite Strip Tool

A tool which is used to apply composite strips such as caulk, Caulking is a process used to seal and…

An instrument for describing ellipses, often called a trammel.

Elliipsograph Tool

An instrument for describing ellipses, often called a trammel.

Hay-caps are made of heavy five-fourths cotton cloth, cut square, wit four little loops, through which we run a slim wooden pin into the hay-cock. The pins hold it better than weights in the corner.

Hay-caps

Hay-caps are made of heavy five-fourths cotton cloth, cut square, wit four little loops, through which…

The illustration showing a large boring tool for heavy work to create a cylinder with 10 inch diameter and 9.25 inch thick wall.

Large Boring Tool for Heavy Work

The illustration showing a large boring tool for heavy work to create a cylinder with 10 inch diameter…

A boring tool to create a large diameter hollow center of the cylinder.

Large Boring Tools

A boring tool to create a large diameter hollow center of the cylinder.

A common hay rake used in the mid 1800's by many farmers.

Loafer Rake

A common hay rake used in the mid 1800's by many farmers.

A tool used to create round or square holes. A tenon is used together with this tool such that the pieces can come together and create a tight fit.

Mortising Tool

A tool used to create round or square holes. A tenon is used together with this tool such that the pieces…

A lathe tool attachment for cutting a pulley in two or create grooves. The arm with the spinning tool extends to the wheel while it is spinning.

Pulley Cutting Tool

A lathe tool attachment for cutting a pulley in two or create grooves. The arm with the spinning tool…

Edward established his role in the modernization of American agriculture when he invented a "revolving hay rake" in the mid 1800’s that allowed one man to do in three hours what three men could do in a day. Relocating to Marion, Ohio, Huber patented his hay rake and began a full line of agricultural implements.

Revolving Rake

Edward established his role in the modernization of American agriculture when he invented a "revolving…

The Scythe was an old method for cutting grass for hay. It was one of the severest labors on the farm. It called to play nearly every voluntary muscle in the body, requiring not only the more frequent and regular movements of the muscles, but also a great exertion of muscular power.

Scythe

The Scythe was an old method for cutting grass for hay. It was one of the severest labors on the farm.…

A cast iron hub with teeth inserted spirally attached to a mandrel to create a gear.

Sectional Milling Cutters with Inserted Teeth Tool

A cast iron hub with teeth inserted spirally attached to a mandrel to create a gear.

The Spring-tooth Rake was often objected by farmers because the wire teeth scratched up too much earth getting it on the hay.

Spring-tooth Rake

The Spring-tooth Rake was often objected by farmers because the wire teeth scratched up too much earth…

A stepped hole punch tool used to make holes in metal plates. The plate (B) is placed under the grip (K), and the hole is made by pushing (G) to the metal to the desired diameter determined by the steps.

Stepped Hole Punch Tool

A stepped hole punch tool used to make holes in metal plates. The plate (B) is placed under the grip…

The Walter A. Wood Mowing and Reaping Machine Co. manufactured this reaper. By 1860 he had an improved mower and a new combined mower - reaper. He soon decided the combination machine wasn’t as good a mower as his separate mower. The mower version of the combined machine was sold as a separate mowing attachment to the reaper. This increased its cost to near that of the separate mower while providing a "combined" machine for those who insisted in buying one. The reaper was improved and became the chain-rake reaper – an early machine that no longer needed a second operator to rake the grain from the platform. Wood had all the patents for this early one-man machine, and was able to sell a license for the reaper and the improved mower to Hart Massey for sale in Canada.

Wood Mower

The Walter A. Wood Mowing and Reaping Machine Co. manufactured this reaper. By 1860 he had an improved…

This medical topical applicator is a tool used to apply cold or hot fluid throughout the patients body. The materials used were rubber, gutta percha, and other similarly thick materials.

Medical Topical Applicator

This medical topical applicator is a tool used to apply cold or hot fluid throughout the patients body.…

For the builder or architect who wants to raise the standard of his work- who takes conspicuous pride in the accuracy of his efforts, this transit is especially designed.

Builders Transit

For the builder or architect who wants to raise the standard of his work- who takes conspicuous pride…

A trepan used for boring large shafts.

Large trepan

A trepan used for boring large shafts.

A trepan used for boring small shafts.

Small trepan

A trepan used for boring small shafts.

Triangular hoes are sometimes used for making drills.

Triangular Hoe

Triangular hoes are sometimes used for making drills.

Lamp trimmers were specialized onboard ships that involved maintaining oil lamps. In the days when light came from burning oil in lamps, a vessel at sea needed crewmen to constantly care for the lamps. This care involved trimming the wick, which drew the oil up from the storage reservoir, so that the flame would be clean and bright. Lamp trimmers also refilled the reservoirs, which held enough oil for several hours of burning, but not enough to start a major fire if the lamp were to be knocked down or damaged somehow. As vessels became larger the number of lamp trimmers increased significantly, because the only lighting below decks came from lamps. The position of lamp trimmer was so entrenched into marine tradition that electricians were called lamp trimmers for years after oil lamps had been completely replaced.

Lamp Trimmer

Lamp trimmers were specialized onboard ships that involved maintaining oil lamps. In the days when light…

A gardening tool used for digging, smoothing, and otherwise moving around small amounts of soil or dirt.

Trowel

A gardening tool used for digging, smoothing, and otherwise moving around small amounts of soil or dirt.

"One of the steel implements may be secured to a long handle; or the blade of a broken trowel may be utilized in the same way." — Baily, 1898

Long-handled trowel

"One of the steel implements may be secured to a long handle; or the blade of a broken trowel may be…

Tweezers used for dissection and surgery.

Tweezers

Tweezers used for dissection and surgery.

"Two kinds of successions of grooves used for rectangular bars in "two-high" train." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Two-high Trains

"Two kinds of successions of grooves used for rectangular bars in "two-high" train." — The Encyclopedia…

Tongs are gripping and lifting tools, of which there are many forms adapted to their specific use. Some are merely large pincers or nippers

Kitchen Tong Utensil

Tongs are gripping and lifting tools, of which there are many forms adapted to their specific use. Some…

A vice used to hold wood in place.

Vice

A vice used to hold wood in place.

A convenient bench vise used to hold a plate or an object in place while working, attached to a table or work bench. The object being work on is put in place by adjusting the hand screw.

Convenient Bench Vise

A convenient bench vise used to hold a plate or an object in place while working, attached to a table…

An illustration of a wedge made of oak. A wedge is a tool used to separate two objects or portions of an object, lift an object, or hold an object in place.

Wedge

An illustration of a wedge made of oak. A wedge is a tool used to separate two objects or portions of…

"The wedge axe (which was one of the first American improvements in edge tools introduced into Europe)." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Wedge Axe

"The wedge axe (which was one of the first American improvements in edge tools introduced into Europe)."…

This agricultural tool is used to pull out weeds.

Weed Puller

This agricultural tool is used to pull out weeds.

A gardening tool used to assist in weeding.

Excelsior Weeder

A gardening tool used to assist in weeding.

The hand weeder works on the same principle as the hand cultivator, but on a smaller scale. It is best suited for working small plants in the home garden, or for use in the seed bed.

Hand weeder

The hand weeder works on the same principle as the hand cultivator, but on a smaller scale. It is best…

A small agricultural tool used to carry heavy loads.

Wheelbarrow

A small agricultural tool used to carry heavy loads.

"A wood-engraver's scooper." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Wood-engraver's Scooper

"A wood-engraver's scooper." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

"Woodman's felling axe." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Woodman's Axe

"Woodman's felling axe." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

"Single-course pavement is usually made five inches thick. Proportions for this should be 1:2:3. Concrete for a single course should be mixed to such a consistency that enough mortar will rise to the surface on light tamping to permit of finishing with a wooden float."—The Federal Digest, 1921

One-Course Work

"Single-course pavement is usually made five inches thick. Proportions for this should be 1:2:3. Concrete…

"For two-course floors and pavements, a concrete base of about four inches thick, mixed 1:3:5 (that is, one sack of cement, 3 cubic feet of sand, and 5 cubic feet of gravel), is first placed in the forms."—The Federal Digest, 1921

Two-Course Work

"For two-course floors and pavements, a concrete base of about four inches thick, mixed 1:3:5 (that…

A wrench or spanner is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects usually rotary fasteners, such as nuts and bolts or keep them from turning.

Mechanical Wrench Tool

A wrench or spanner is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn…

"In order to get the best results from the tool the pressure on the handle should always be in the direction of the arrow shown above the latter, so as to put the pressure on the jaws at the points B and C, and not at D and E." —Grimshaw, 1902

Adjustable Wrench

"In order to get the best results from the tool the pressure on the handle should always be in the direction…

A wrench is a tool used to provide a mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn bolts, nuts, or other items designed to interface with a wrench.

Mechanical Wrench

A wrench is a tool used to provide a mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn bolts, nuts, or…

A wrench is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects usually rotary fasteners, such as nuts and bolts or keep them from turning

Nut and Pipe Wrench

A wrench is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects…

A wrench used for turning soft iron pipes and fittings with a rounded surface.

Pipe Wrench

A wrench used for turning soft iron pipes and fittings with a rounded surface.

"1, Screw-wrench; 2, Tap-wrench; 3, Angle-wrench; 4, Tube-wrench; 5, Monkey-wrench for hexagonal and square nuts." — Williams, 1889

Wrenches

"1, Screw-wrench; 2, Tap-wrench; 3, Angle-wrench; 4, Tube-wrench; 5, Monkey-wrench for hexagonal and…