The rocky ceiling of a coal mine is ornamented everywhere by exquisite tracery, inimitale representation of the delicate frond of ferns. Remove a scale of rock and we discover an exquisite fossilized fern. Fossil ferns such as this acient tree fern are often found in association with coal seams.

Fossilized Coal Ferns

The rocky ceiling of a coal mine is ornamented everywhere by exquisite tracery, inimitale representation…

Cyathea meridensis is a tree fern. It is native to Columbia. The segments are scaly on the ribs beneath.

Cyathea Meridensis

Cyathea meridensis is a tree fern. It is native to Columbia. The segments are scaly on the ribs beneath.

Illustrated is a fruiting pinnule of cyathea meridensis.

Cyathea Meridensis

Illustrated is a fruiting pinnule of cyathea meridensis.

"The Fern is a leafy plant springing from a rhizome, which creeps below or on the surface of the ground or rises into the air like the trunk of a tree. This trunk does not taper, but is of equal diameter at both ends. Some tree ferns reach 75 feet high."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Giant Tree Fern

"The Fern is a leafy plant springing from a rhizome, which creeps below or on the surface of the ground…

Scythian lamb is the common name of cibotium barometz. It is a trunkless tree-fern. It is native to China.

Scythian Lamb

Scythian lamb is the common name of cibotium barometz. It is a trunkless tree-fern. It is native to…

The Silver Fern (Cyathea dealbata) is a plant in the Cyatheaceae family of tree ferns. It was also known as the synonym Gymnogramme tartarea.

Silver Fern

The Silver Fern (Cyathea dealbata) is a plant in the Cyatheaceae family of tree ferns. It was also known…

Gymnogramme hispida is a species of tree ferns in the Cyatheaceae family.

Tree Fern

Gymnogramme hispida is a species of tree ferns in the Cyatheaceae family.

Pecopteris, frond of an ancient tree fern, was a form genus of leaves from several unrelated plant groups that flourished the early Carboniferous period and on to c. 250 Ma. Pecopteris first appeared in the Devonian period, but flourished in the Carboniferous, especially the Pennsylvanian. Plants bearing these leaves went extinct around the beginning of the Permian period.

Pecopteris Tree Fern

Pecopteris, frond of an ancient tree fern, was a form genus of leaves from several unrelated plant groups…