"Four such trenches radiating from a common central chimney will give one flue for use whatever may be the direction of the wind." — Moss, 1914

Camp chimney

"Four such trenches radiating from a common central chimney will give one flue for use whatever may…

"A still greater economy of fuel can be effected by digging a similar trench in the direction of the wind and slightly narrower than the diameter of the kettles. The kettles are then placed on the trench and the space between tthe kettles filled in with stones, clay, etc., leaving the flue running beneath the kettles. The draft can be improved by building a chimney of stones, clay, etc., at the leeward end of the flue." — Moss, 1914

Camp kitchen

"A still greater economy of fuel can be effected by digging a similar trench in the direction of the…

The bombardment of Fort Wagner, infantry in trenches.

Bombardment of Fort Wagner

The bombardment of Fort Wagner, infantry in trenches.

"Part of Trench, with A, Fascines, and B, Gabions: in fortification, a large basket of wickerwork constructed with stakes and osiers, or green twigs, in a cylindrical form, but without a bottom." -Whitney, 1911

Trench with Fascines and Gabions

"Part of Trench, with A, Fascines, and B, Gabions: in fortification, a large basket of wickerwork constructed…