Drawing of Tsar Alexander I. He was the first Grand Duke of Finland.

Tsar Alexander I

Drawing of Tsar Alexander I. He was the first Grand Duke of Finland.

The tsar of Bulgaria from 1887 to 1918.

Tsar Ferdinand

The tsar of Bulgaria from 1887 to 1918.

"Ivan IV, The Terrible." — Lardner, 1885

Ivan IV

"Ivan IV, The Terrible." — Lardner, 1885

Peter I the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (June 1672–8 February 1725) ruled Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his weak and sickly half-brother, Ivan V. Peter carried out a policy of Westernization and expansion that transformed the Tsardom of Russia into the 3-billion acre Russian Empire, a major European power.

Peter I of Russia

Peter I the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (June 1672–8 February 1725) ruled Russia and later…

"Michael Romanoff." — Lardner, 1885

Michael Romanoff

"Michael Romanoff." — Lardner, 1885

Ivan the Terrible was Ivan IV, czar of Russia.

Ivan Vasilyevich

Ivan the Terrible was Ivan IV, czar of Russia.

"A cartoon by Sir John Tenniel which appeared in the English journal Punch for June 10, 1854. The tsar is shown holding a bombshell to his ear and, as he listens to it (as children do to sea shells), having a vision of armed men."—Webster, 1920

What Nicholas Heard in the Shell

"A cartoon by Sir John Tenniel which appeared in the English journal Punch for June 10, 1854. The tsar…