A perennial plant used as a condiment.

Horseradish

A perennial plant used as a condiment.

The goal of growing horseradish is to obtain roots as large as possible before they are old enough to become hard. Horseradish is an edible root. Horseradish is used for culinary purposes when scraped into fine shreds.

Horseradish

The goal of growing horseradish is to obtain roots as large as possible before they are old enough to…

A squash with a hard shell and better quality than other species of squash.

Essex Hybrid

A squash with a hard shell and better quality than other species of squash.

The James's keeping onion has a pear shape. It is one of the longest keeping varieties of onion.

James's Keeping Onion

The James's keeping onion has a pear shape. It is one of the longest keeping varieties of onion.

Kale or borecole, a variety of wild cabbage.

Kale

Kale or borecole, a variety of wild cabbage.

"The Dwarf Purple, of Brown Kale, which is represented in the cut here inserted, is a beautiful curled variety, with redish-tinted leaves."—Rawson, 1892

Dwarf Purple Kale

"The Dwarf Purple, of Brown Kale, which is represented in the cut here inserted, is a beautiful curled…

A vegetable similar to collards.

Dwarf Siberian Kale

A vegetable similar to collards.

"This vegetable produces blanched shoots which are cooked and eaten in the same manner as asparagus."—Rawson, 1892

Sea Kale

"This vegetable produces blanched shoots which are cooked and eaten in the same manner as asparagus."—Rawson,…

Kohlrabi or German turnip, a variety of wild cabbage.

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi or German turnip, a variety of wild cabbage.

Kohlrabi is a distinct vegetable. It is often described as a cross between a cabbage and a turnip. The upper part of the stem swells in a large, fleshy head above ground, resembling a turnip.

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi is a distinct vegetable. It is often described as a cross between a cabbage and a turnip. The…

A variety of spinach.

Arlington Pointed Leaf

A variety of spinach.

Leeks are cultivated for the lower part of its leaves. The lower parts of the leaves from a sort of elongated bulb.

Leek

Leeks are cultivated for the lower part of its leaves. The lower parts of the leaves from a sort of…

"A hardy biennial plant, producing an oblong bulb, or stalk, which has the flavor of an onion, and is used principally for flavoring soups and stews."—Rawson, 1892

London Flag Leek

"A hardy biennial plant, producing an oblong bulb, or stalk, which has the flavor of an onion, and is…

The common name of lens is lentils. Lens esculenta is the edible variety. The flowers are small and pale blue. The plant grows between six and eighteen inches tall. The seeds are used as food.

Upper Portion of Plant of Lens Esculenta

The common name of lens is lentils. Lens esculenta is the edible variety. The flowers are small and…

An 18th century English variety of Romaine lettuce.

Bath Cos Lettuce

An 18th century English variety of Romaine lettuce.

Cabbage lettuces have broad, rounded leaves forming a low, spreading head nearly close on the ground.

Cabbage Lettuce

Cabbage lettuces have broad, rounded leaves forming a low, spreading head nearly close on the ground.

Cos lettuces grow upright. The leaves have an oblong shape.

Cos Lettuce

Cos lettuces grow upright. The leaves have an oblong shape.

A head of Romain lettuce.

Romain lettuce

A head of Romain lettuce.

Types of capsicums include chili, long red, long yellow, small red cayenne, round red, and round yellow. Capsicums also include the bird pepper or chili and the bell pepper. The fruits are generally red or yellow when ripe.

Fruit of Long and Round Capsicums

Types of capsicums include chili, long red, long yellow, small red cayenne, round red, and round yellow.…

Beetroot is a vegetable usually used in salad. The deeply colored roots are the most desired part of the plant.

Long Yellow Beetroot

Beetroot is a vegetable usually used in salad. The deeply colored roots are the most desired part of…

A fruit market selling a wide variety.

Fruit Market

A fruit market selling a wide variety.

A plant used both as a salad and for manufacturing into table mustard.

Black Seeded Mustard

A plant used both as a salad and for manufacturing into table mustard.

The Naples giant rocca onion has a roundish, large bulb. The flesh is thick and white.

Naples Giant Rocca Onion

The Naples giant rocca onion has a roundish, large bulb. The flesh is thick and white.

New Zealand Spinach is cultivated for the use of its young leaves. New Zealand Spinach can be substituted for ordinary spinach.

Branchlet of New Zealand Spinach

New Zealand Spinach is cultivated for the use of its young leaves. New Zealand Spinach can be substituted…

A flowering plant with edible green seed pods.

Okra

A flowering plant with edible green seed pods.

A dry onion that has a pure white skin and a sweet, mild white flesh.

White Onion

A dry onion that has a pure white skin and a sweet, mild white flesh.

An illustration of a group of onions.

Onions

An illustration of a group of onions.

Oxheart cabbage is a variety of white cabbage. Oxheart cabbage is a vegetable.

Oxheart Cabbage

Oxheart cabbage is a variety of white cabbage. Oxheart cabbage is a vegetable.

Biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long

Vegetable Oyster

Biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long

A plant cultivated as a herb, spice, and a vegetable.

Fine Curled Parsley

A plant cultivated as a herb, spice, and a vegetable.

Parsnip roots are eaten as a vegetable. Pictured is a parsnip with a portion of its leaves removed.

Parsnip

Parsnip roots are eaten as a vegetable. Pictured is a parsnip with a portion of its leaves removed.

Cross section of the anatomy of a pea blossom.

Pea blossom

Cross section of the anatomy of a pea blossom.

"Legume of the edible pea (Pisum sativum). a, anther; c, calyx; st, stigma." -Gager, 1916

Pea Legumes

"Legume of the edible pea (Pisum sativum). a, anther; c, calyx; st, stigma." -Gager, 1916

An illustration of a pea pod.

Pea Pod

An illustration of a pea pod.

An illustration of a pea pod.

Pea Pod

An illustration of a pea pod.

A large pea plant.

Alaska peas

A large pea plant.

A pod of Kennerly's First Early peas.

Kennerly's First Early peas

A pod of Kennerly's First Early peas.

A variety of pepper.

Cardinal Pepper

A variety of pepper.

A variety of pepper with a mild fruit and pleasant taste.

Ruby King Pepper

A variety of pepper with a mild fruit and pleasant taste.

The common name of phaseolous multiflorus is runner beans or kidney beans. This plant grows tall and can be planted to cover arches or fences.

Runner or Climbing Kidney Bean

The common name of phaseolous multiflorus is runner beans or kidney beans. This plant grows tall and…

The broad bean is also known as the fava bean. The pod is green and has a leathery texture.

Pods of Broad Bean

The broad bean is also known as the fava bean. The pod is green and has a leathery texture.

A potato.

Potato

A potato.

An illustration of the tubers on underground branches of a potato plant.

Tubers of a Potato Plant

An illustration of the tubers on underground branches of a potato plant.

A Spaulding's Rose Potato, grown in Florida.

Spaulding's Rose Potato

A Spaulding's Rose Potato, grown in Florida.

A fungal disease that affects potato plants. It causes small lesions on the plant, eventually killing them.

Early Blight of Potatoes

A fungal disease that affects potato plants. It causes small lesions on the plant, eventually killing…

"A climbing plant and its fruit, of the genus Cucurbita. The pumpkin is originally from India, but is at present cultivated in most parts of Europe and in America." -Marshall

Pumpkin

"A climbing plant and its fruit, of the genus Cucurbita. The pumpkin is originally from India, but is…

The queen onion is a small and very early variety of the silver-skinned section. The bulbs are very small but firm and solid. The skin is thin and silvery white.

Queen Onions

The queen onion is a small and very early variety of the silver-skinned section. The bulbs are very…

View of a radish, illustrating the root-hairs, which absorb most of the water the plant needs.

Radish

View of a radish, illustrating the root-hairs, which absorb most of the water the plant needs.

Also known as Raphanus sativus. An edible root vegetable whose seeds can also be used for oil production. They have a fast harvest cycle, and are in season between April and June and from October to January.

China Rose Radish

Also known as Raphanus sativus. An edible root vegetable whose seeds can also be used for oil production.…

An early variety of the radish, and has a clear red colored skin.

Early Rose Globe Radish

An early variety of the radish, and has a clear red colored skin.

A species of radish.

Long Scarlet Radish

A species of radish.

A variety of radish, with a round shape.

Scarlet Globe Radish

A variety of radish, with a round shape.

A variety of radish.

Scarlet Turnip Radish

A variety of radish.

Also known as Campanula rapunculus. "A hardy biennial, cultivated for the use of its fleshy roots in salads, either boiled or in a raw state, generally the latter; the leaves are also used in winter salads."—Nicholson, 1884

Rampion

Also known as Campanula rapunculus. "A hardy biennial, cultivated for the use of its fleshy roots in…

"Rawson's Early Summer excels both in size and earliness, and ranks as the best of the early Drumhead sorts. It is a trifle larger than the Wakefield, and consequently the setting should be a little farther apart."—Rawson, 1892

Rawson's Early Summer

"Rawson's Early Summer excels both in size and earliness, and ranks as the best of the early Drumhead…

A herbaceous plant with large leaves and edible petioles.

Rhubarb

A herbaceous plant with large leaves and edible petioles.

Aubergine is commonly known as eggplant. While eggplant is usually used for culinary purposes the aubergine plant can be used for ornamental purposes as well.

Fruiting Branch of Round Aubergine

Aubergine is commonly known as eggplant. While eggplant is usually used for culinary purposes the aubergine…

Savoy cabbage is a popular vegetable. Savoy cabbage is a winter vegetable.

Savoy Cabbage

Savoy cabbage is a popular vegetable. Savoy cabbage is a winter vegetable.

"The Savoy cabbages have wrinkled leaves and have a peculiar flavor that is much liked by most people. They are improved in quality by a slight touch of frost."—Rawson, 1892

Globe Curled Savoy

"The Savoy cabbages have wrinkled leaves and have a peculiar flavor that is much liked by most people.…

"Drumhead Savoy, which is a cross of the popular Curled Savoy and Drumhead, is a large-headed Savoy cabbage, tender and fine-flavored, a good winter variety."—Rawson, 1892

Short-Stem Drumhead

"Drumhead Savoy, which is a cross of the popular Curled Savoy and Drumhead, is a large-headed Savoy…