"A jar with two handles; Among the Greek and Roman, a vessel, usually tall and slender having two handles or ears, a narrow neck, and generally a sharp-pointed base for insertion into the ground: used for holding wine, oil, honey, grain, etc."-Whitney, 1902

Amphora

"A jar with two handles; Among the Greek and Roman, a vessel, usually tall and slender having two handles…

"A jar with two handles; Among the Greek and Roman, a vessel, usually tall and slender having two handles or ears, a narrow neck, and generally a sharp-pointed base for insertion into the ground: used for holding wine, oil, honey, grain, etc."-Whitney, 1902

Amphora

"A jar with two handles; Among the Greek and Roman, a vessel, usually tall and slender having two handles…

"Jar for carrying wine, <em>Amphora</em>." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Amphora

"Jar for carrying wine, Amphora." — The Delphian Society, 1913

A drinking cup or bowl.

Chalice

A drinking cup or bowl.

"The <em>crater</em> was a vessel in which the wine, according to the custom of the ancients, who very seldom drank it pure, was mixed with water, and from which the cups were filled. The liquid was conveyed from the crater into the drinking-cups by means of a <em>cyathus</em>, or small ladle." &mdash; Anthon, 1891

Cyathus

"The crater was a vessel in which the wine, according to the custom of the ancients, who very…

Grapes grow on a vine and can be used for fruit or wine.

Grape Vine

Grapes grow on a vine and can be used for fruit or wine.

"... a thin stick resting on two wine glasses may be broken by a quick blow with a poker in its centre (sic), without injury to its brittle supports." &mdash;Quackenbos 1859

Inertia Demonstration

"... a thin stick resting on two wine glasses may be broken by a quick blow with a poker in its centre…

The Egyptian Krater is an antique vase that has a lotus cup design. Typically used for mixing water and wine.

Egyptian Krater

The Egyptian Krater is an antique vase that has a lotus cup design. Typically used for mixing water…

This Egyptian Krater is an antique vase that was found in Thebes, Ancient Egypt during the eighteenth dynasty. Typically used for mixing water and wine.

Egyptian Krater

This Egyptian Krater is an antique vase that was found in Thebes, Ancient Egypt during the eighteenth…

"And as they were eating, he took bread, and when he had blessed, he brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take ye: this is my body. And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave to them: and they all drank of it. And he said unto them, This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many." Mark 14:22-24 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus at the table with his disciples, initiating the Eucharist. A wine goblet and three pieces of broken bread sit in front of him. The disciples sit around the table, six on either side of Jesus. A pitcher sits on the ground in front of the table.

Communion of the Apostles with Jesus at the Last Supper

"And as they were eating, he took bread, and when he had blessed, he brake it, and gave to them, and…

A man pouring ale out of a barrel.

Man Pouring Ale

A man pouring ale out of a barrel.

An illustration of men drinking wine.

Men Drinking Wine

An illustration of men drinking wine.

"Here is a store of costly wine and meats, / Of which this rich man daily drinks and eats; / But in return for his luxurious ways, / He's often sick, and lives but half his days: / He's got the gout; swollen his feet appear, / His wines and savory meat have cost him dear. / To pleasure's hour succeed long days of pain, / Bringing reproach, repentance, in their train; / The richest viands on the palate pall, / And sick at soul, he loathing turns from all, / And envies now the poor man's humble lot, / Who, coarsely clad, and in his lowly cot, / His simple meal, a scanty crust, can eat, / And be content, for labor makes it sweet."&mdash;Barber, 1857

Much Meat, Much Malady

"Here is a store of costly wine and meats, / Of which this rich man daily drinks and eats; / But in…

"Wine-jug, <em>Oinochoe</em>" &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Oinochoe

"Wine-jug, Oinochoe" — The Delphian Society, 1913

This Greek Oinochoe has an Asiatic style that is painted in yellow clay. It was used as a sacrificial vessel from which offerings of wine were poured out.

Greek Oinochoe

This Greek Oinochoe has an Asiatic style that is painted in yellow clay. It was used as a sacrificial…

"Now there was a certain rich man, and he was clothed in purple and fine linen, faring sumptuously every day: and a certain beggar named Lazarus was laid at his gate, full of sores, and desiring to be fed with the crumbs that fell from the rich man's table; yea, even the dogs come and licked his sores." Luke 16:19-21 ASV
<p>Illustration of the rich man, sumptuously clothed in robes and eating a feast with many guests. A harpist  plays in the background. Men and women eat and drink. There are arched windows in the background and an arched entryway leading to stairs. On the stairs is Lazarus, a beggar. Dogs are licking at his sores and his arms are raised in a gesture of begging.

Lazarus, the Beggar, and the Rich Man

"Now there was a certain rich man, and he was clothed in purple and fine linen, faring sumptuously every…

"A wine jar, <em>Pelike</em>." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Pelike

"A wine jar, Pelike." — The Delphian Society, 1913

This Greek Prochous has a geometrical style made out of red clay and painted in black. It was used as a sacrificial vessel from which offerings of wine were poured out.

Greek Prochous

This Greek Prochous has a geometrical style made out of red clay and painted in black. It was used as…

This Greek Prochous is in an archaic form and ornamentation, painted in clay. It was used as a sacrificial vessel from which offerings of wine were poured out.

Greek Prochous

This Greek Prochous is in an archaic form and ornamentation, painted in clay. It was used as a sacrificial…

"In Greek mythology, a divinity of Asiatic origin, the foster-father of Bacchus, and leader of the satyrs, but very frequently merely one of a number of kindred attendants in the Dionysiac thiasus. He was represented as a robust, full-bearded old man, hairy and with pointed ears, frequently in a state of intoxication, often riding on an ass and carrying a cantharus or other wine-vessel." &mdash;Whitney, 1889

Silenus - Marble Sculpture

"In Greek mythology, a divinity of Asiatic origin, the foster-father of Bacchus, and leader of the satyrs,…

"Wine-jar, <em>Stamnos</em>." &mdash; The Delphian Society, 1913

Stamnos

"Wine-jar, Stamnos." — The Delphian Society, 1913

"Vats in a wine room for fermentation." —Davison, 1910

Wine Vats

"Vats in a wine room for fermentation." —Davison, 1910

"Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the ruler of the feast. And they bare it. And when the ruler of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and knew not whence it was (but the servants that had drawn the water knew), the ruler of the feast calleth the bridegroom," John 2:7-9 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus at the feast at Cana with his hand outstretched over pitchers as a servant pours water into them. People are gathered at a large table. A small child and a dog are at the table. Three arches, two covered by curtains, are in the background. A bench with a robe on it sits in the foreground.

The Marriage Feast at Cana - Jesus Turns Water into Wine

"Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. And he saith…

"Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the ruler of the feast. And they bare it." John 2:7-8 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus turning water into wine during a wedding feast in Cana, which he attended with his mother, Mary, and his disciples. Jesus' stands with his hand out-stretched over several pots. A man pours one pot into another. A woman, presumably Mary, stands near Jesus. Several wedding guests can be seen feasting at a table in the background.

Jesus Turns Water into Wine at the Wedding at Cana

"Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. And he saith…

"In Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, and elsewhere the manufacture of wine from grapes is an important industry of the people." &mdash;The Popular Cyclopedia, 1888

Wine growing

"In Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, and elsewhere the manufacture of wine from grapes is an important…

A wine press is a device used to extract juice from crushed grapes during wine making.

Wine Press

A wine press is a device used to extract juice from crushed grapes during wine making.

"Organisms found upon the Skin o a Grape and concerned in the Fermentation of Wine." &mdash; Blaisedell, 1904

Fermentation of wine

"Organisms found upon the Skin o a Grape and concerned in the Fermentation of Wine." — Blaisedell,…

"An Ancient Egyptian Wine-press. The process of treading, which seems to have prevailed from the earliest ages. The treaders are being assisted by ropes fixed to the roof of the press." &mdash; Chambers, 1881

Wine-press

"An Ancient Egyptian Wine-press. The process of treading, which seems to have prevailed from the earliest…

"The following is a representation of a wine-press, in which the grapes are squeezed in a bag." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian Wine-Press

"The following is a representation of a wine-press, in which the grapes are squeezed in a bag." —…

"Copied from the wall of a house in Pompeii, representing the vintagers treading grapes with their feet." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Winemaking

"Copied from the wall of a house in Pompeii, representing the vintagers treading grapes with their feet."…