"Golf clubs. 1, Driver; 2, brassie; 3, putter; 4, cleek; 5, iron; 6, niblick." -Foster, 1921

Golf Clubs

"Golf clubs. 1, Driver; 2, brassie; 3, putter; 4, cleek; 5, iron; 6, niblick." -Foster, 1921

"A gouge, for soft wood." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Gouge

"A gouge, for soft wood." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

The stove grate is used to hold fire or coal while cooking.

Stove Grate

The stove grate is used to hold fire or coal while cooking.

"Hand-vices are used in the manner implied by their name, without being attached to a bench like the foregoing." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Hand-Vice

"Hand-vices are used in the manner implied by their name, without being attached to a bench like the…

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Hexagonal Panel

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Hexagonal Panel

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Hexagonal Panel

The modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

A 1 pound section wooden box for holding comb honey.

Wooden Box for Holding Comb Honey

A 1 pound section wooden box for holding comb honey.

A house made of wood and plaster.

Wooden House

A house made of wood and plaster.

"Wood is heated in cylindrical iron retorts. the volatile materials are cooled, and while a portion remains gaseous and is used as fuel, a large part is condensed to a dark, tarry liquid." -Brownlee 1907

Cylindrical Iron Retort and Condenser

"Wood is heated in cylindrical iron retorts. the volatile materials are cooled, and while a portion…

An illustration of timber jetty.

Timber Jetty

An illustration of timber jetty.

A lathe for turning wood to create a hole by fastening the material on to the faceplate.

Lathe, Wood Turning

A lathe for turning wood to create a hole by fastening the material on to the faceplate.

The Gothic lectern of the 15th century had a base made out of wood and the slope was made out of wrought-iron. The eagle and ball was made out of gilt and the dragon was painted green.

Gothic Lectern

The Gothic lectern of the 15th century had a base made out of wood and the slope was made out of wrought-iron.…

A bulky piece of wood or timber.

Log

A bulky piece of wood or timber.

A scene where loggers are cutting down a pine tree forest in the United States.

Loggers

A scene where loggers are cutting down a pine tree forest in the United States.

"Longitudinal tangential section of [maple], showing the ends of the medullary rays." - Century, 1889

Longitudinal Tangential Section of Maple

"Longitudinal tangential section of [maple], showing the ends of the medullary rays." - Century, 1889

"The European lute is derived in form and name from the Arabic "el ud," "the wood," the consonant of the article "el" having been retained in the European languages for the initial of the name. The Arab instrument, with convex sound-body, pointing to the resonance board or membrane having been originally placed upon a gourd, was strung with silk and played with a plectrum of shell or quill. It was adopted by the Arabs from Persia." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Lute

"The European lute is derived in form and name from the Arabic "el ud," "the wood," the consonant of…

A volute or flat spiral turning machine. The spiral patterns are created by cutting the wood adjusting the blade while rotating the wood with the lathe.

Turning Volute or Flat Spiral Machine

A volute or flat spiral turning machine. The spiral patterns are created by cutting the wood adjusting…

"Longitudinal radial section through the wood of a branch of maple one year old: P, pith; B, bark." -Century, 1889 In botany, Medullary rays refer to a characteristic found in woods. In this context the term refers to radial sheets or ribbons extending vertically through the tree across and perpendicular to the growth rings. Also called pith rays or wood rays, these formations of primarily parenchyma cells allow the radial transmission of sap.

Medullary Rays of Maple

"Longitudinal radial section through the wood of a branch of maple one year old: P, pith; B, bark."…

"When rock is reached, a curb or crib of either wood or iron is inserted."—Finley, 1917

Mining crib

"When rock is reached, a curb or crib of either wood or iron is inserted."—Finley, 1917

"Mortising is a method of insertion in which the projecting extremity of one timber is received into a perforation in another." — Wells, 1857

Mortising

"Mortising is a method of insertion in which the projecting extremity of one timber is received into…

"Mortising is a method of insertion in which the projecting extremity of one timber is received into a perforation in another." — Wells, 1857

Mortising

"Mortising is a method of insertion in which the projecting extremity of one timber is received into…

"Mortising is a method of insertion in which the projecting extremity of one timber is received into a perforation in another." — Wells, 1857

Mortising

"Mortising is a method of insertion in which the projecting extremity of one timber is received into…

The fantail over-grainer brush is sized according to the width of the head from 1 inch up to 4 inches wide.

Fantail Over-grainer Brush

The fantail over-grainer brush is sized according to the width of the head from 1 inch up to 4 inches…

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

This is a 6 part pipe over-grainer. It is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as a piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

This is a 6 part pipe over-grainer. It is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as mahogany, maple, and walnut. It is referred to as piper over-grainer because of the way the bristles are clumped together on the brush.

Piped Overgrainer

The piped over-grainer is a brush that is used to create the shaped grain found in hardwoods such as…

"The English parallel vice is little used except for small work." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Parallel Vice

"The English parallel vice is little used except for small work." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

This modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

Modern Parquetry Panel

This modern panel is a parquetry design of a geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effects.

The modern pendant knob is done in wood. It is hanging reversed knob.

Modern Pendant Knob

The modern pendant knob is done in wood. It is hanging reversed knob.

This piano ha a simple design and is made out of solid wood.

Piano

This piano ha a simple design and is made out of solid wood.

"Radial longitudinal section of wood of Pinus Sylvestris. a, cambium; b, c, d, e, f, wood cells; f, bordered pits in an early stage of formation, before the thickening ring has arched over the thin portion of cell'wall; t', bordered pit after the thickening mass has arched over the thin cell-wall; st, very large pits where in contact with medullary rays." — Encyclopedia Britanica, 1893

Pinus Sylvestris

"Radial longitudinal section of wood of Pinus Sylvestris. a, cambium; b, c, d, e, f, wood cells; f,…

A planker, used for crushing clods of soil.

Planker

A planker, used for crushing clods of soil.

"The ordinary self-acting planing machine. Its action bears no resemblance to the familiar process of wood planing, but is analogous to that by which the successive cuts of a narrow tool produce a cylindrical surface in a slide lathe. A transverse table carries the work and forces it against the tool, which is stationary while making its cut, but between the cuts has a slight "feed" motion along its horizontal slide." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Planning Machine

"The ordinary self-acting planing machine. Its action bears no resemblance to the familiar process of…

This flower stand with pots is made out of wood and looks like a table. The five pots are made out of colored porcelain, and are placed around the flower stand.

Flower Stand with Pots

This flower stand with pots is made out of wood and looks like a table. The five pots are made out of…

"The vessel a is fitted with a wooden bock of the same size as, and free to move in, the cylinder; the vessel b is filled with water, whose depth is the same as the length of the wooden block in a. When a pressure is applied to a, the pressure will be transmitted to the bottom unchanged. However, when the same pressure is applied to b, the pressure is transmitted everywhere, as the molecules of water are free to move." —Hallock 1905

Water versus Wood Pressure

"The vessel a is fitted with a wooden bock of the same size as, and free to move in, the cylinder; the…

"Propagation by Cuttings." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Propagation

"Propagation by Cuttings." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

A scene where loggers are binding the logs into giant rafts to be floated down river.

Rafting

A scene where loggers are binding the logs into giant rafts to be floated down river.

"A ratchet brace is a powerful instrument, and carries in itself the screw for obtaining the requisite pressure. Small holes can be drilled under a light pressure with rapid rotation on the part of the drill." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Ratchet Brace

"A ratchet brace is a powerful instrument, and carries in itself the screw for obtaining the requisite…

A characteristic found in woods. They are the radial ribbons extending vertically through the tree across and perpendicular to the growth rings.

Medullary Rays

A characteristic found in woods. They are the radial ribbons extending vertically through the tree across…

The four fundamental forms of resistance: A, to tension; B, to compression parallel to fiber; C, to compression at right angle to fiber; D, to transverse tension; F, fiber of wood. Arrows indicate direction of force.

The Forms of Resistance

The four fundamental forms of resistance: A, to tension; B, to compression parallel to fiber; C, to…

A simple conical roof.

Conical Style Roof Type

A simple conical roof.

A simple hip roof.

Hip Style Roof Type

A simple hip roof.

A simple king-post roof.

King-post Roof

A simple king-post roof.

A simple m-roof.

Style M-Roof Type

A simple m-roof.

A simple queen-post roof.

Queen-post Roof

A simple queen-post roof.

"Fahlias and paeonies may be grafted by inserting young shoots into the neck of one of the fleshy roots of each kind respectively the best method of doing so being to cut a triangular section near the upper end of the root, just large enough to admit the young shoot when slightly pared away in two sides to give it a similar form." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Root-Grafting

"Fahlias and paeonies may be grafted by inserting young shoots into the neck of one of the fleshy roots…

"In the case of large woody plants thus worked the grafted roots, after the operation is completed, are planted in nursery beds, so that the upper buds only are exposed to the atmosphere, as shown at c in the figure." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Root-Grafting

"In the case of large woody plants thus worked the grafted roots, after the operation is completed,…

"Samson Killing the Lion. By Albrecht Dürer. From the wood engraving." -Heath, 1901

Samson Killing the Lion

"Samson Killing the Lion. By Albrecht Dürer. From the wood engraving." -Heath, 1901

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather, or wood, bound on the foot by thongs. It was undoubtedly the custom to take off the sandals on holy ground, in the act of worship, and in the presence of a superior. This is still the well-known custom of the East– an Oriental taking off his shoe in case in which a European would remove his hat."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Sandal

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather,…

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather, or wood, bound on the foot by thongs. It was undoubtedly the custom to take off the sandals on holy ground, in the act of worship, and in the presence of a superior. This is still the well-known custom of the East– an Oriental taking off his shoe in case in which a European would remove his hat."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Sandal

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather,…

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather, or wood, bound on the foot by thongs. It was undoubtedly the custom to take off the sandals on holy ground, in the act of worship, and in the presence of a superior. This is still the well-known custom of the East– an Oriental taking off his shoe in case in which a European would remove his hat."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Sandal

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather,…

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather, or wood, bound on the foot by thongs. It was undoubtedly the custom to take off the sandals on holy ground, in the act of worship, and in the presence of a superior. This is still the well-known custom of the East– an Oriental taking off his shoe in case in which a European would remove his hat."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Sandal

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather,…

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather, or wood, bound on the foot by thongs. It was undoubtedly the custom to take off the sandals on holy ground, in the act of worship, and in the presence of a superior. This is still the well-known custom of the East– an Oriental taking off his shoe in case in which a European would remove his hat."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Sandal

"The Sandal is a protection for the foot, worn in ancient times. It was usually a sole of hide, leather,…

An illustration of a small hand saw.

Hand Saw

An illustration of a small hand saw.