The Works of Edgar Allan Poe

by Edgar Allan Poe

M.S. Found in a Bottle

Additional Information
  • Year Published: 1903
  • Language: English
  • Country of Origin: United States of America
  • Source: Poe, E.A. (1903). The Works of Edgar Allan Poe, The Raven Edition, Volume 1. New York: P. F. Collier and Son.
  • Readability:
    • Flesch–Kincaid Level: 10.5
  • Word Count: 4,734
  • Genre: Adventure
  • Keywords: satire, sea
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Qui n'a plus qu'un moment a vivre

              N'a plus rien a dissimuler.


–Of my country and of my family I have little to say. Ill usage and–length of years have driven me from the one, and estranged me from the–other. Hereditary wealth afforded me an education of no common order,–and a contemplative turn of mind enabled me to methodize the stores–which early study very diligently garnered up.—Beyond all things,–the study of the German moralists gave me great delight; not from any–ill–advised admiration of their eloquent madness, but from the ease with–which my habits of rigid thought enabled me to detect their falsities.–I have often been reproached with the aridity of my genius; a deficiency–of imagination has been imputed to me as a crime; and the Pyrrhonism–of my opinions has at all times rendered me notorious. Indeed, a strong–relish for physical philosophy has, I fear, tinctured my mind with–a very common error of this age—I mean the habit of referring–occurrences, even the least susceptible of such reference, to the–principles of that science. Upon the whole, no person could be less–liable than myself to be led away from the severe precincts of truth by–the ignes fatui of superstition. I have thought proper to premise thus–much, lest the incredible tale I have to tell should be considered–rather the raving of a crude imagination, than the positive experience–of a mind to which the reveries of fancy have been a dead letter and a–nullity.–

–After many years spent in foreign travel, I sailed in the year 18—, –from the port of Batavia, in the rich and populous island of Java, on–a voyage to the Archipelago of the Sunda islands. I went as–passenger—having no other inducement than a kind of nervous–restlessness which haunted me as a fiend.–

–Our vessel was a beautiful ship of about four hundred tons,–copper–fastened, and built at Bombay of Malabar teak. She was freighted–with cotton–wool and oil, from the Lachadive islands. We had also on–board coir, jaggeree, ghee, cocoa–nuts, and a few cases of opium. The–stowage was clumsily done, and the vessel consequently crank.–

–We got under way with a mere breath of wind, and for many days stood–along the eastern coast of Java, without any other incident to beguile–the monotony of our course than the occasional meeting with some of the–small grabs of the Archipelago to which we were bound.–

–One evening, leaning over the taffrail, I observed a very singular,–isolated cloud, to the N.W. It was remarkable, as well for its color, as–from its being the first we had seen since our departure from Batavia.–I watched it attentively until sunset, when it spread all at once to–the eastward and westward, girting in the horizon with a narrow strip–of vapor, and looking like a long line of low beach. My notice was soon–afterwards attracted by the dusky–red appearance of the moon, and the–peculiar character of the sea. The latter was undergoing a rapid change,–and the water seemed more than usually transparent. Although I could–distinctly see the bottom, yet, heaving the lead, I found the ship in–fifteen fathoms. The air now became intolerably hot, and was loaded with–spiral exhalations similar to those arising from heat iron. As night–came on, every breath of wind died away, an more entire calm it is–impossible to conceive. The flame of a candle burned upon the poop–without the least perceptible motion, and a long hair, held between the–finger and thumb, hung without the possibility of detecting a vibration.–However, as the captain said he could perceive no indication of danger,–and as we were drifting in bodily to shore, he ordered the sails to–be furled, and the anchor let go. No watch was set, and the crew,–consisting principally of Malays, stretched themselves deliberately upon–deck. I went below—not without a full presentiment of evil. Indeed,–every appearance warranted me in apprehending a Simoom. I told the–captain my fears; but he paid no attention to what I said, and left me–without deigning to give a reply. My uneasiness, however, prevented me–from sleeping, and about midnight I went upon deck.—As I placed my foot–upon the upper step of the companion–ladder, I was startled by a–loud, humming noise, like that occasioned by the rapid revolution of a–mill–wheel, and before I could ascertain its meaning, I found the ship–quivering to its centre. In the next instant, a wilderness of foam–hurled us upon our beam–ends, and, rushing over us fore and aft, swept–the entire decks from stem to stern.–

–The extreme fury of the blast proved, in a great measure, the salvation–of the ship. Although completely water–logged, yet, as her masts had–gone by the board, she rose, after a minute, heavily from the sea, and,–staggering awhile beneath the immense pressure of the tempest, finally–righted.–

–By what miracle I escaped destruction, it is impossible to say. Stunned–by the shock of the water, I found myself, upon recovery, jammed in–between the stern–post and rudder. With great difficulty I gained my–feet, and looking dizzily around, was, at first, struck with the idea of–our being among breakers; so terrific, beyond the wildest imagination,–was the whirlpool of mountainous and foaming ocean within which we were–engulfed. After a while, I heard the voice of an old Swede, who had–shipped with us at the moment of our leaving port. I hallooed to–him with all my strength, and presently he came reeling aft. We soon–discovered that we were the sole survivors of the accident. All on deck,–with the exception of ourselves, had been swept overboard;—the captain–and mates must have perished as they slept, for the cabins were deluged–with water. Without assistance, we could expect to do little for the–security of the ship, and our exertions were at first paralyzed by the–momentary expectation of going down. Our cable had, of course, parted–like pack–thread, at the first breath of the hurricane, or we should–have been instantaneously overwhelmed. We scudded with frightful–velocity before the sea, and the water made clear breaches over us. The–frame–work of our stern was shattered excessively, and, in almost every–respect, we had received considerable injury; but to our extreme Joy we–found the pumps unchoked, and that we had made no great shifting of–our ballast. The main fury of the blast had already blown over, and we–apprehended little danger from the violence of the wind; but we looked–forward to its total cessation with dismay; well believing, that, in our–shattered condition, we should inevitably perish in the tremendous swell–which would ensue. But this very just apprehension seemed by no means–likely to be soon verified. For five entire days and nights—during–which our only subsistence was a small quantity of jaggeree, procured–with great difficulty from the forecastle—the hulk flew at a rate–defying computation, before rapidly succeeding flaws of wind, which,–without equalling the first violence of the Simoom, were still more–terrific than any tempest I had before encountered. Our course for the–first four days was, with trifling variations, S.E. and by S.; and we–must have run down the coast of New Holland.—On the fifth day the cold–became extreme, although the wind had hauled round a point more to the–northward.—The sun arose with a sickly yellow lustre, and clambered a–very few degrees above the horizon—emitting no decisive light.—There–were no clouds apparent, yet the wind was upon the increase, and blew–with a fitful and unsteady fury. About noon, as nearly as we could–guess, our attention was again arrested by the appearance of the sun.–It gave out no light, properly so called, but a dull and sullen glow–without reflection, as if all its rays were polarized. Just before–sinking within the turgid sea, its central fires suddenly went out, as–if hurriedly extinguished by some unaccountable power. It was a dim,–sliver–like rim, alone, as it rushed down the unfathomable ocean.–

–We waited in vain for the arrival of the sixth day—that day to me–has not arrived—to the Swede, never did arrive. Thenceforward we were–enshrouded in patchy darkness, so that we could not have seen an object–at twenty paces from the ship. Eternal night continued to envelop us,–all unrelieved by the phosphoric sea–brilliancy to which we had been–accustomed in the tropics. We observed too, that, although the tempest–continued to rage with unabated violence, there was no longer to be–discovered the usual appearance of surf, or foam, which had hitherto–attended us. All around were horror, and thick gloom, and a black–sweltering desert of ebony.—Superstitious terror crept by degrees into–the spirit of the old Swede, and my own soul was wrapped up in silent–wonder. We neglected all care of the ship, as worse than useless, and–securing ourselves, as well as possible, to the stump of the mizen–mast,–looked out bitterly into the world of ocean. We had no means of–calculating time, nor could we form any guess of our situation. We were,–however, well aware of having made farther to the southward than any–previous navigators, and felt great amazement at not meeting with the–usual impediments of ice. In the meantime every moment threatened to be–our last—every mountainous billow hurried to overwhelm us. The swell–surpassed anything I had imagined possible, and that we were not–instantly buried is a miracle. My companion spoke of the lightness of–our cargo, and reminded me of the excellent qualities of our ship; but–I could not help feeling the utter hopelessness of hope itself, and–prepared myself gloomily for that death which I thought nothing could–defer beyond an hour, as, with every knot of way the ship made,–the swelling of the black stupendous seas became more dismally–appalling. At times we gasped for breath at an elevation beyond the–albatross—at times became dizzy with the velocity of our descent into–some watery hell, where the air grew stagnant, and no sound disturbed–the slumbers of the kraken.–

–We were at the bottom of one of these abysses, when a quick scream–from my companion broke fearfully upon the night. "See! see!" cried he,–shrieking in my ears, "Almighty God! see! see!" As he spoke, I became–aware of a dull, sullen glare of red light which streamed down the sides–of the vast chasm where we lay, and threw a fitful brilliancy upon our–deck. Casting my eyes upwards, I beheld a spectacle which froze the–current of my blood. At a terrific height directly above us, and upon–the very verge of the precipitous descent, hovered a gigantic ship of,–perhaps, four thousand tons. Although upreared upon the summit of a wave–more than a hundred times her own altitude, her apparent size exceeded–that of any ship of the line or East Indiaman in existence. Her huge–hull was of a deep dingy black, unrelieved by any of the customary–carvings of a ship. A single row of brass cannon protruded from her open–ports, and dashed from their polished surfaces the fires of innumerable–battle–lanterns, which swung to and fro about her rigging. But what–mainly inspired us with horror and astonishment, was that she bore up–under a press of sail in the very teeth of that supernatural sea, and of–that ungovernable hurricane. When we first discovered her, her bows–were alone to be seen, as she rose slowly from the dim and horrible gulf–beyond her. For a moment of intense terror she paused upon the giddy–pinnacle, as if in contemplation of her own sublimity, then trembled and–tottered, and—came down.–

–At this instant, I know not what sudden self–possession came over my–spirit. Staggering as far aft as I could, I awaited fearlessly the ruin–that was to overwhelm. Our own vessel was at length ceasing from her–struggles, and sinking with her head to the sea. The shock of the–descending mass struck her, consequently, in that portion of her frame–which was already under water, and the inevitable result was to hurl me,–with irresistible violence, upon the rigging of the stranger.–

–As I fell, the ship hove in stays, and went about; and to the confusion–ensuing I attributed my escape from the notice of the crew. With little–difficulty I made my way unperceived to the main hatchway, which was–partially open, and soon found an opportunity of secreting myself in the–hold. Why I did so I can hardly tell. An indefinite sense of awe, which–at first sight of the navigators of the ship had taken hold of my mind,–was perhaps the principle of my concealment. I was unwilling to trust–myself with a race of people who had offered, to the cursory glance I–had taken, so many points of vague novelty, doubt, and apprehension. I–therefore thought proper to contrive a hiding–place in the hold. This I–did by removing a small portion of the shifting–boards, in such a manner–as to afford me a convenient retreat between the huge timbers of the–ship.–

–I had scarcely completed my work, when a footstep in the hold forced me–to make use of it. A man passed by my place of concealment with a feeble–and unsteady gait. I could not see his face, but had an opportunity–of observing his general appearance. There was about it an evidence of–great age and infirmity. His knees tottered beneath a load of years, and–his entire frame quivered under the burthen. He muttered to himself,–in a low broken tone, some words of a language which I could not–understand, and groped in a corner among a pile of singular–looking–instruments, and decayed charts of navigation. His manner was a wild–mixture of the peevishness of second childhood, and the solemn dignity–of a God. He at length went on deck, and I saw him no more.–

–A feeling, for which I have no name, has taken possession of my soul–—a sensation which will admit of no analysis, to which the lessons of–bygone times are inadequate, and for which I fear futurity itself–will offer me no key. To a mind constituted like my own, the latter–consideration is an evil. I shall never—I know that I shall–never—be satisfied with regard to the nature of my conceptions. Yet it–is not wonderful that these conceptions are indefinite, since they have–their origin in sources so utterly novel. A new sense—a new entity is–added to my soul.–

–It is long since I first trod the deck of this terrible ship, and the–rays of my destiny are, I think, gathering to a focus. Incomprehensible–men! Wrapped up in meditations of a kind which I cannot divine, they–pass me by unnoticed. Concealment is utter folly on my part, for the–people will not see. It was but just now that I passed directly before–the eyes of the mate—it was no long while ago that I ventured into the–captain's own private cabin, and took thence the materials with which–I write, and have written. I shall from time to time continue this–Journal. It is true that I may not find an opportunity of transmitting–it to the world, but I will not fall to make the endeavour. At the last–moment I will enclose the MS. in a bottle, and cast it within the sea.–

–An incident has occurred which has given me new room for meditation. Are–such things the operation of ungoverned Chance? I had ventured upon deck–and thrown myself down, without attracting any notice, among a pile of–ratlin–stuff and old sails in the bottom of the yawl. While musing upon–the singularity of my fate, I unwittingly daubed with a tar–brush the–edges of a neatly–folded studding–sail which lay near me on a barrel.–The studding–sail is now bent upon the ship, and the thoughtless touches–of the brush are spread out into the word DISCOVERY.–

–I have made many observations lately upon the structure of the vessel.–Although well armed, she is not, I think, a ship of war. Her rigging,–build, and general equipment, all negative a supposition of this–kind. What she is not, I can easily perceive—what she is I fear it is–impossible to say. I know not how it is, but in scrutinizing her strange–model and singular cast of spars, her huge size and overgrown suits–of canvas, her severely simple bow and antiquated stern, there will–occasionally flash across my mind a sensation of familiar things, and–there is always mixed up with such indistinct shadows of recollection,–an unaccountable memory of old foreign chronicles and ages long ago.–

–I have been looking at the timbers of the ship. She is built of a–material to which I am a stranger. There is a peculiar character about–the wood which strikes me as rendering it unfit for the purpose to–which it has been applied. I mean its extreme porousness, considered–independently by the worm–eaten condition which is a consequence of–navigation in these seas, and apart from the rottenness attendant upon–age. It will appear perhaps an observation somewhat over–curious, but–this wood would have every characteristic of Spanish oak, if Spanish oak–were distended by any unnatural means.–

–In reading the above sentence a curious apothegm of an old–weather–beaten Dutch navigator comes full upon my recollection. "It–is as sure," he was wont to say, when any doubt was entertained of his–veracity, "as sure as there is a sea where the ship itself will grow in–bulk like the living body of the seaman."–

–About an hour ago, I made bold to thrust myself among a group of the–crew. They paid me no manner of attention, and, although I stood in the–very midst of them all, seemed utterly unconscious of my presence. Like–the one I had at first seen in the hold, they all bore about them the–marks of a hoary old age. Their knees trembled with infirmity; their–shoulders were bent double with decrepitude; their shrivelled skins–rattled in the wind; their voices were low, tremulous and broken; their–eyes glistened with the rheum of years; and their gray hairs streamed–terribly in the tempest. Around them, on every part of the deck, lay–scattered mathematical instruments of the most quaint and obsolete–construction.–

–I mentioned some time ago the bending of a studding–sail. From that–period the ship, being thrown dead off the wind, has continued her–terrific course due south, with every rag of canvas packed upon her,–from her trucks to her lower studding–sail booms, and rolling every–moment her top–gallant yard–arms into the most appalling hell of water–which it can enter into the mind of a man to imagine. I have just left–the deck, where I find it impossible to maintain a footing, although the–crew seem to experience little inconvenience. It appears to me a miracle–of miracles that our enormous bulk is not swallowed up at once and–forever. We are surely doomed to hover continually upon the brink of–Eternity, without taking a final plunge into the abyss. From billows a–thousand times more stupendous than any I have ever seen, we glide away–with the facility of the arrowy sea–gull; and the colossal waters rear–their heads above us like demons of the deep, but like demons confined–to simple threats and forbidden to destroy. I am led to attribute these–frequent escapes to the only natural cause which can account for such–effect.—I must suppose the ship to be within the influence of some–strong current, or impetuous under–tow.–

–I have seen the captain face to face, and in his own cabin—but, as I–expected, he paid me no attention. Although in his appearance there is,–to a casual observer, nothing which might bespeak him more or less than–man–still a feeling of irrepressible reverence and awe mingled with the–sensation of wonder with which I regarded him. In stature he is nearly–my own height; that is, about five feet eight inches. He is of a–well–knit and compact frame of body, neither robust nor remarkably–otherwise. But it is the singularity of the expression which reigns upon–the face—it is the intense, the wonderful, the thrilling evidence of–old age, so utter, so extreme, which excites within my spirit a sense—a–sentiment ineffable. His forehead, although little wrinkled, seems to–bear upon it the stamp of a myriad of years.—His gray hairs are records–of the past, and his grayer eyes are Sybils of the future. The cabin–floor was thickly strewn with strange, iron–clasped folios, and–mouldering instruments of science, and obsolete long–forgotten charts.–His head was bowed down upon his hands, and he pored, with a fiery–unquiet eye, over a paper which I took to be a commission, and which, at–all events, bore the signature of a monarch. He muttered to himself, as–did the first seaman whom I saw in the hold, some low peevish syllables–of a foreign tongue, and although the speaker was close at my elbow, his–voice seemed to reach my ears from the distance of a mile.–

–The ship and all in it are imbued with the spirit of Eld. The crew glide–to and fro like the ghosts of buried centuries; their eyes have an eager–and uneasy meaning; and when their fingers fall athwart my path in the–wild glare of the battle–lanterns, I feel as I have never felt before,–although I have been all my life a dealer in antiquities, and have–imbibed the shadows of fallen columns at Balbec, and Tadmor, and–Persepolis, until my very soul has become a ruin.–

–When I look around me I feel ashamed of my former apprehensions. If I–trembled at the blast which has hitherto attended us, shall I not stand–aghast at a warring of wind and ocean, to convey any idea of which–the words tornado and simoom are trivial and ineffective? All in the–immediate vicinity of the ship is the blackness of eternal night, and a–chaos of foamless water; but, about a league on either side of us, may–be seen, indistinctly and at intervals, stupendous ramparts of ice,–towering away into the desolate sky, and looking like the walls of the–universe.–

–As I imagined, the ship proves to be in a current; if that appellation–can properly be given to a tide which, howling and shrieking by the–white ice, thunders on to the southward with a velocity like the–headlong dashing of a cataract.–

–To conceive the horror of my sensations is, I presume, utterly–impossible; yet a curiosity to penetrate the mysteries of these awful–regions, predominates even over my despair, and will reconcile me to the–most hideous aspect of death. It is evident that we are hurrying onwards–to some exciting knowledge—some never–to–be–imparted secret, whose–attainment is destruction. Perhaps this current leads us to the southern–pole itself. It must be confessed that a supposition apparently so wild–has every probability in its favor.–

–The crew pace the deck with unquiet and tremulous step; but there is–upon their countenances an expression more of the eagerness of hope than–of the apathy of despair.–

–In the meantime the wind is still in our poop, and, as we carry a crowd–of canvas, the ship is at times lifted bodily from out the sea—Oh,–horror upon horror! the ice opens suddenly to the right, and to the–left, and we are whirling dizzily, in immense concentric circles, round–and round the borders of a gigantic amphitheatre, the summit of whose–walls is lost in the darkness and the distance. But little time will be–left me to ponder upon my destiny—the circles rapidly grow small—we–are plunging madly within the grasp of the whirlpool—and amid a–roaring, and bellowing, and thundering of ocean and of tempest, the ship–is quivering, oh God! and—going down.–

–NOTE.—The "MS. Found in a Bottle," was originally published in 1831,–and it was not until many years afterwards that I became acquainted with–the maps of Mercator, in which the ocean is represented as rushing, by–four mouths, into the (northern) Polar Gulf, to be absorbed into the–bowels of the earth; the Pole itself being represented by a black rock,–towering to a prodigious height.–