Characters of the Native Americans. The eight figures in the upper row, with hats on, and with muskets beside them, represent as many white soldiers. In the second row, No. 1 represents the officer in command, with a sword; No. 2, with a book, the secretary; No. 3, with a hammer, the geologist; 4, 5, 6, and 8 represent the two guides, who are distinguished as Indians by being without hats. Figure 11 represents a prairie-hen, and 12 a tortoise, which had been eaten by the party. Figures 13, 14, 15, mean that there were separate fires. The slant of the pole showed the direction of the proposed march, and three nothces in the wood showed that it was to be a three-days’ expedition.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Young Folks' History of the United States (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1875) 20