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“It consists of a series of upright pipes connected in pairs at the top by semicircular pipes e, e, and terminating at the bottom in a trough X Y containing water, and divided by means of partitions in such a way that, as the gas enters the trough from one pipe, it passes up the next pipe and down into the next partition, and so on to the end of the condenser.” — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893


gas, pipe, condenser


The Encyclopedia Britannica, New Warner Edition (New York, NY: The Werner Company, 1893)


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