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“A glass tube about 33 inches in length, open at one end, is completely filled with mercury, and being firmly closed by the thumb, is inverted and placed vertically in a cup containing mercury. When the thumb is removed, the mercury sinks in the tube till it stands, generally, about 30 inches above the level of the mercury in the cup, leaving in the upper part a space free of air, which receiveds the name of the Torricellian vacuum.” — Chambers’ Encyclopedia, 1875




Chambers's Encyclopedia (Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1875)


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