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“Brank, or Branks, an instrument and formerly used in Scotland, and to some extent also in England, as a punishment for scolds. It consisted of an iron frame which went over the head of the offender, and had in front an iron plate which was inserted in the mouth, where it was fixed above the tongue, and kept it perfectly quiet.” — Winston’s Encyclopedia, 1919


Editor in Chief Charles Morris Winston's Cumulative Loose-Leaf Encyclopedia (Philadelphia, PA: The John C. Winston Company, 1918)


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