Caerphilly Castle is a Norman castle that dominates the centre of the town of Caerphilly in south Wales. Caerphilly Castle was built to stop Llywelyn’s southward ambitions. It is the largest castle in Wales, the second largest in Britain (second to Windsor Castle) and is one of the largest fortresses in Europe. Built mainly between 1268 and 1271, it is an early example of a concentric castle.
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Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed., vol. 5) (New York, NY: The Encyclopaedia Britannica Company, 1910)