This small compass was carried by Mohammedans (Muslims) in Indian when traveling. It is made out of bronze and inlaid with silver. The compass has an inscription and is in the shape of a flying bird. The head of the bird is pointed towards Mecca, where a Muslim should pray towards.
The Art Journal The Industry of All Nations Illustrated Catalogue (London, England: Bradbury and Evans, 1851)
Courtesy the private collection of Roy Winkelman