A shield of mounted men-at-arms from the first half of the 13th century, considered the High Middle Ages.

Medieval Shield

A shield of mounted men-at-arms from the first half of the 13th century, considered the High Middle…

Illustration including one large shield from the first half of the 13th century, bearing a decorative cross. It also includes two men having a sword fight. The man on the left is wearing a shield from the close of the 14th century, while the man on the right uses a shield from the close of the 13th century. The man on the right is on horseback. Both men have their swords raised and are wearing full armor.

Medieval Shields from the 13th and 14th Centuries

Illustration including one large shield from the first half of the 13th century, bearing a decorative…

"The early Greeks used a very short sword, as may be seen from the preceding cut. The ancient Homeric sword had generally a straight, two-edged blade, rather broad, and nearly of equal width from hilt to point." — Anthon, 1891

Greek soldier

"The early Greeks used a very short sword, as may be seen from the preceding cut. The ancient Homeric…

A Roman soldier.

Roman soldier

A Roman soldier.

An illustration of a knight and three men at arms wearing iron armors during the fourteenth century.

Fourteenth Century Knight and Men at Arms

An illustration of a knight and three men at arms wearing iron armors during the fourteenth century.

"'Exulting in the tawny covering of a she-wolf, such as his foster-parent was.' Alluding to the custom on the part of the ancient heroes of arraying themselves in the skins of wild animals, in order to strike more terror into the foe and of either making a part of the hide answer the purposes of a helmet, or decking the helmet with it, <em>Genetricis</em>." — Anthon, 1891

Greek soldiers

"'Exulting in the tawny covering of a she-wolf, such as his foster-parent was.' Alluding to the custom…

"Steel Armet, about A.D. 1450. A, calotte or cap; a, neck-guard riveted to A, and having a prolongation upward toward the crown; B, upper vizor, or umbril, with sight- or eye-hole; C, vizor with opening for breathing; D, aventaile, opening sidewise on hinges; E, rim of the sidewise on hinges; E, rim of the gorgerin (it has a groove between two ridges, which groove recieves the loer edge of the armet proper); F, one of two upright pins upon which the pauldrons are adjusted. The gorgerin is of three pieces, movable upon one another, and all riveted to a leather band beneath."-Whitney, 1902

Steel Armet

"Steel Armet, about A.D. 1450. A, calotte or cap; a, neck-guard riveted to A, and having a prolongation…

A man wearing a full suit of armor riding a horse.

Suit of Armor

A man wearing a full suit of armor riding a horse.

Illustration of the shield used by King Richard the Lionheart. Three lions, displayed vertically, decorate the shield. This is also the second Great Seal of King Richard and eventually became the Royal Arms of England.

The Shield of Richard the Lionheart and the Royal Arms of England

Illustration of the shield used by King Richard the Lionheart. Three lions, displayed vertically, decorate…

Two heavily armored knights on horseback shaking hands.

Two Knights

Two heavily armored knights on horseback shaking hands.

"Argent, three dexter arms, vambraced, couped. VAMBRACED. Armour for the arms." -Hall, 1862

Vambraced

"Argent, three dexter arms, vambraced, couped. VAMBRACED. Armour for the arms." -Hall, 1862

"After the fall of Athens Sparta stood without a rival in Greece." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Greek warriot

"After the fall of Athens Sparta stood without a rival in Greece." — Smith, 1882

An illustration of a man wearing a suit of armor with a woman washing it.

Woman Washing a Man in Armor

An illustration of a man wearing a suit of armor with a woman washing it.