"The spindle proper is simply the metal rod and horsehoe-shaped piece of wood with its two rows of little hooks or teeth." - Beard, 1906

Diagram of a spindle

"The spindle proper is simply the metal rod and horsehoe-shaped piece of wood with its two rows of little…

A spindle is a cone shaped weigh that hooked the thread to one end and would allow the person to spin the wool to create thread. The distaff is a tool to keep the thread untangled in the spinning process.

Distaff and spindle

A spindle is a cone shaped weigh that hooked the thread to one end and would allow the person to spin…

A woman spinning.

Spinning

A woman spinning.

"The spinning-wheel." - Beard, 1906

Diagram of a spinning-wheel

"The spinning-wheel." - Beard, 1906