"So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden the Cherubim, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life." Genesis 3:24 ASV
<p>Illustration of Adam and Eve as they are sent away from the Garden of Eden and the Tree of Life. Both are wearing animal skins and Adam is covering his face. Two angels, both holding swords, stand in front of a tree. A dog stands next to the angels.One angel points Adam and Eve away from the garden. The serpent is at Eve's feet with its mouth open. God is pictured looking down from the clouds. A small, oval image of Mary holding the baby Jesus is inset above Eve's head.

Adam and Eve are Punished and Cast Out of the Garden of Eden

"So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden the Cherubim, and the flame…

"And they heard the voice of Jehovah God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of Jehovah God amongst the trees of the garden. And Jehovah God called unto the man, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat." Genesis 3:8-12 ASV
<p>Illustration of Adam and Eve hiding themselves from the presence of God after eating of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. They are surrounded by many animals in the garden.

Adam and Eve Hide Themselves

"And they heard the voice of Jehovah God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and the man and…

"Agni, the god of fire." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Agni

"Agni, the god of fire." —Bulfinch, 1897

The god of the underworld in ancient Egyptian mythology.

Anubis

The god of the underworld in ancient Egyptian mythology.

Also known as Hapis. In mythology, Apis was a commonly worshipped bull-deity in the Memphis region.

The Bull Apis

Also known as Hapis. In mythology, Apis was a commonly worshipped bull-deity in the Memphis region.

Jesus sits at the right hand of God and a dove, the Holy Spirit, hovers above them. Gathered around them are the apostles, Moses, and the Virgin Mary. There are also several angels and cherubim surrounding and within the group.

The Apostles, Jesus, God, the Holy Spirit, and the Blessed Virgin Mary in Heaven

Jesus sits at the right hand of God and a dove, the Holy Spirit, hovers above them. Gathered around…

God of Assyria, an ancient country of Asia.

Assyrian God Ninip

God of Assyria, an ancient country of Asia.

"The king, a rude heroic figure, stands upright before the god. He holds a club in the left hand, in the right a sickle or crook, emblematic of the shepherd of his people. The right arm is bare; the left is covered by a richly fringed mantle, thrown twice round the body."&mdash;Webster, 1913

An Assyrian Statue

"The king, a rude heroic figure, stands upright before the god. He holds a club in the left hand, in…

An Aztec sculpture of an elephant-faced god, supposedly an imitation of the Hindu god, Ganesha.

Aztec Imitation of Ganesha - Elephant-faced god

An Aztec sculpture of an elephant-faced god, supposedly an imitation of the Hindu god, Ganesha.

Literally means 'Lord of the Flies.' In Christian and Biblical texts, he is associated with a demon.

Image of Beelzebub, the Fly God

Literally means 'Lord of the Flies.' In Christian and Biblical texts, he is associated with a demon.

"The god Bel is generally known by his Greek name Belus. But the attributes given him by the Greek authors do not harmonize perfectly with those ascribed by the Chaldeans to Bel. By the latter this god was honored with such titles as "the Supreme," "the Father of the gods," "the Procreator," "the Lord of spirits," etc."&mdash;Ridpath, 1885

Procession of Bel

"The god Bel is generally known by his Greek name Belus. But the attributes given him by the Greek authors…

"...And it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him." Genesis 4:8 ASV
<p>Abel lies dead on the ground, his left arm propped behind his head and his staff discarded next to him. Cain is slinking away, hiding his face. God appears in the smoke from the sacrifices burning on a nearby altar. A tree stands just behind the altar and a small bird watches from the bottom left corner of the image. Sheep gather in the background.

Cain and Abel- Cain Runs Away as Abel Lies Dead on the Ground

"...And it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and…

An illustration of the Church of Christ located in St. Louis, Missouri in 1874.

Church

An illustration of the Church of Christ located in St. Louis, Missouri in 1874.

The Assumption and the Coronation of the Virgin is a woodcut created by Albrecht D&uuml;rer in 1510. It is part of a series called "Life of the Virgin". It depicts Mary being crowned by God and Jesus among the clouds. It shows heaven and earth, angels and mortals. A woodcut is created by carving an image on a wooden block and rolling ink over that surface and then printing it on paper.

The Assumption and the Coronation of the Virgin

The Assumption and the Coronation of the Virgin is a woodcut created by Albrecht Dürer in 1510.…

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." Genesis 1:1 ASV
<p>Illustration of God sitting on a cloud with his arms outstretched as he creates the earth. He has a triangular halo behind his head. Adam and Eve (left) stand partially hidden by plants and Adam reaches out to the animals, including an elephant, turtle, snake, rooster, lion, rabbit, horse, peacock, tropical bird, sheep, duck, elk, and goat.

The Creation of the World - Adam and Eve, Animals, Plants,

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." Genesis 1:1 ASV Illustration of God sitting…

One of the earliest open-air theaters in Athens, Greece.

Theater of Dionysus

One of the earliest open-air theaters in Athens, Greece.

A fish god, or Dagon, commonly worshiped by the Philistines.

Fish God

A fish god, or Dagon, commonly worshiped by the Philistines.

Egyptian God, Bes, known as the cheerful.

Egyptian God, Bes

Egyptian God, Bes, known as the cheerful.

Hathor (Isis) the Egyptian cow goddess.

Egyptian God, Hathor

Hathor (Isis) the Egyptian cow goddess.

"Set" the Egyptian God of Darkness.

Egyptian God of Darkness

"Set" the Egyptian God of Darkness.

"Anubis" the Egyptian God of Darkness. Anubis has a distinct Jackal head.

Egyptian God of Darkness

"Anubis" the Egyptian God of Darkness. Anubis has a distinct Jackal head.

Thoth-lunus is the Egyptian God of letters and all learning.

Egyptian God, Thoth-lunus

Thoth-lunus is the Egyptian God of letters and all learning.

Typhon was he wife of Anubis, God of Darkness. Typhon is also known as the Terrible One.

Egyptian God, Typhon

Typhon was he wife of Anubis, God of Darkness. Typhon is also known as the Terrible One.

"The chief gods, in striking contrast with the monstrous divinities of the Oriental mythologies, had been molded by the fine Hellenic imagination into human forms of surpassing beauty and grace."&mdash;Myers, 1904

Group of Gods and Goddesses

"The chief gods, in striking contrast with the monstrous divinities of the Oriental mythologies, had…

"Helios the Sun-God." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Helios

"Helios the Sun-God." —Bulfinch, 1897

"The Sun-god." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Helios or sol

"The Sun-god." —Bulfinch, 1897

"A bas-relief at Ibreez in Asia Minor. It represents a god and his royal worshipper."&mdash;Webster, 1913

A Hittite Monument

"A bas-relief at Ibreez in Asia Minor. It represents a god and his royal worshipper."—Webster,…

"Indra, the god of heaven, of thunder, lightning, storm, and rain." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Indra

"Indra, the god of heaven, of thunder, lightning, storm, and rain." —Bulfinch, 1897

"And he dreamed. And behold, a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And behold, the angels of God ascending and descending on it." Genesis 28:12 ASV
<p>
Illustration of Jacob sleeping, his upper body resting on a rock, and dreaming. His robe is wrapped around him and his left arm is resting on his abdomen. A ladder emerges from bright clouds in the center of the illustration. God is descending from the top of the ladder, his arms outstretched. Angels descend on one side and ascend on the other. There are six angels. Jacob's staff and satchel are on the ground next to him. Trees frame the image.

Jacob Sees God and Angels on a Ladder While He Dreams at Bethel

"And he dreamed. And behold, a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And…

Janus, the Roman god, seated.

Janus

Janus, the Roman god, seated.

Thomas Jefferson's seal with the motto: "Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God."

Jefferson's Seal

Thomas Jefferson's seal with the motto: "Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God."

"Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place: Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and they made an appointment together to come to bemoan him and to comfort him." Job 2:11 ASV
<p>Illustration of Job sitting on the ground, against a wall, head covered and bowed. Three of his friends sit across from him. One is speaking with his right arm raised, finger pointing skyward. Another rests his head on his fist and a third looks intently at Job.

Job is Patient as His Friends Bemoan Him

"Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from…

An illustration of a group of people kneeling in front a large cross.

Kneeling in Front of Cross

An illustration of a group of people kneeling in front a large cross.

The Gate of the Lions is located in Mycenae, Greece. It was the entrance to the city. On top of the gate there are two lions carved in stone facing each other with a column in the middle, believed to have been a statue of god or goddess.

Gate of the Lions

The Gate of the Lions is located in Mycenae, Greece. It was the entrance to the city. On top of the…

Loki, the mischief maker, turns into a fly to steal Freya's golden necklace. As Freya, the goddess of beauty sleeps, Loki as a fly, bites her on the cheek to get a hold of her necklace.

Loki as a Fly on Freya's Cheek

Loki, the mischief maker, turns into a fly to steal Freya's golden necklace. As Freya, the goddess of…

This painting by Correggio is one of his more famous pieces depicting Madonna holding Christ in her arms. This painting can be found in the Dresden Gallery

Madonna and Saints

This painting by Correggio is one of his more famous pieces depicting Madonna holding Christ in her…

"A philosopher, seating himself under an oak tree, and viewing its massiveness, could not understand why so large a tree should produce such small fruit. 'There,' said he, 'is the pumpkin, growing on a slender vine; how much better it would be, if that vine bore acorns, and the great tree the pumpkins; then there would be some harmony and fitness in nature.' As he was meditating on this subject, and examining some ancient theories on the works of creation, an acorn dropped on his head and broke up the train of his reflections. 'How foolish and short-sighted I am, to question the wisdom of Providence,' thought the philosopher, 'if the acorn had been a pumpkin, my head would have been broken.'"&mdash;Barber, 1857

Man Thinks Himself Wise, till God Shows Him His Folly

"A philosopher, seating himself under an oak tree, and viewing its massiveness, could not understand…

"The ship is wrecked upon a rocky coast, / And all the sailors but these two are lost; / As one is sinking in the foaming waves, / A plank comes floating by - his life it saves; / The other's, on a float, without an or, / But friendly breezes waft them both on shore."&mdash;Barber, 1857

Man's Extremity, is God's Opportunity

"The ship is wrecked upon a rocky coast, / And all the sailors but these two are lost; / As one is sinking…

"Mercury." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Mercury

"Mercury." —Bulfinch, 1897

"The name of a Roman goddess, identified by the later Graecising Romans with the Greek Athene, whom she greatly resembled, though, like all old Latin divinities, there was nothing anthropomorphic in what was told concerning her." &mdash; Chambers, 1881

Minerva

"The name of a Roman goddess, identified by the later Graecising Romans with the Greek Athene, whom…

"Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the back of the wilderness, and came to the mountain of God, unto Horeb. And the angel of Jehovah appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I will turn aside now, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. And when Jehovah saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I. And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God." Exodus 3 ASV
<p>Illustration of Moses hiding his face as God appears to him from a burning bush. Moses has removed his shoes as directed.

Moses and the Burning Bush

"Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock…

"Paestum, the Greek Poseidonia, was a colony of Sybaris. The malarial atmosphere of the place led to its desertion in the ninth century of our era. Hence the buildings there were not used as quarries for later structures. The so-called 'Temple of Neptune' at Paestum is one of the best preserved monuments of antiquity."&mdash;Webster, 1913

Temple of Neptune

"Paestum, the Greek Poseidonia, was a colony of Sybaris. The malarial atmosphere of the place led to…

Sculpture of the Goddess of Victory, Nike.

Nike

Sculpture of the Goddess of Victory, Nike.

"The name of a Babylonian god, who, in the first year of the foundation of Babylon, is said to have come out of the Persian Gulf, or the old Erythraean Sea, adjoining Babylon. He is described as having the head and body of a fish, to which were added a human head and feet under the fish's head and at the sail. He lived amongst men during the daytime, without, however, taking any food, and retired at sunset to the sea, from which he had emerged." &mdash; Chambers, 1881

Oannes

"The name of a Babylonian god, who, in the first year of the foundation of Babylon, is said to have…

"Odin then regulatied the periods of day and night and the seasons by placing in the heavens the sun and moon, and appointing them to their respective courses." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Odin

"Odin then regulatied the periods of day and night and the seasons by placing in the heavens the sun…

"And they came to the place which God had told him of. And Abraham built the altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar, upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. And the angel of Jehovah called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham. And he said, Here I am. And he said, Lay not thy hand upon the lad, neither do thou anything unto him. For now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son, from me." Genesis 22:9-12

<p>This sculpture is a Bronze-relief by Brunellesco. There is a similar sculpture done by Ghiberti. It can now be found in the National Museum in Florence, Italy.

Offering of Isaac

"And they came to the place which God had told him of. And Abraham built the altar there, and laid the…

"Osiris was worshipped as the god of the sun, the source of warmth, life, and fruitfulness, in addition to which he was also regarded as god of the Nile, who annually visited his wide Isis (the Earth), by means of an inundation." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Osiris

"Osiris was worshipped as the god of the sun, the source of warmth, life, and fruitfulness, in addition…

A column depicting the Egyptian god Osiris. Osiris is usually affiliated with the Afterlife, the underworld and the dead.

Column of Osiris

A column depicting the Egyptian god Osiris. Osiris is usually affiliated with the Afterlife, the underworld…

The feline war gods in Egyptian mythology.

Pakhet

The feline war gods in Egyptian mythology.

"Pluto throned." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Pluto throned

"Pluto throned." —Bulfinch, 1897

An illustration of a priest greeting small children.

Priest

An illustration of a priest greeting small children.

This painting by Correggio used putti or male infants in the painting to give it a mystical appeal. The painting can be found in the Convent of San Paolo in Parma.

Putti

This painting by Correggio used putti or male infants in the painting to give it a mystical appeal.…

"And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you." Matthew 28:5-7 KJV

The Angel and Women at the Empty Tomb

"And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was…

Statue of the Greek god Helios. It is currently considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was one of the tallest statues during its time, standing at over 30 meters (107 feet).

Colossus at Rhodes

Statue of the Greek god Helios. It is currently considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient…

"Serapis or Hermes is sometimes represented as identical with Osiris, and sometimes as a distinct divinity, the ruler of Tartarus, and god of Medicine." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Serapis

"Serapis or Hermes is sometimes represented as identical with Osiris, and sometimes as a distinct divinity,…

A greek vase of Serapis, an Egyptian god in Antiquity.

Greek Vase of Serapis

A greek vase of Serapis, an Egyptian god in Antiquity.

"Siva." &mdash;Bulfinch, 1897

Siva

"Siva." —Bulfinch, 1897

Column located in the Temple of Denderah, with masks of Hathor, an Egyptian sky goddess of love and joy, adorning the top.

Column from the Temple of Denderah, with Hathor Masks, Time of Cesar

Column located in the Temple of Denderah, with masks of Hathor, an Egyptian sky goddess of love and…

"And with him they crucify two robbers; one on his right hand, and one on his left." Mark 15:27 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus on the cross with a robber on his left and right. Mary Magdalene is at Jesus' feet. Jesus' mother, Mary, stands at the foot of the cross with another woman. Soldiers cast lots for Jesus' clothing (left). A soldier with a spear stands beside the cross.

The Crucifixion of Jesus with Two Robbers

"And with him they crucify two robbers; one on his right hand, and one on his left." Mark 15:27 ASV…

"More than to eat, the hog does not aspire; / To get and cram his food, he looks no higher, / Like men who only live to eat and drink, / Of Him who feeds us all they never think: / They heed not, they love not Him who dwells on high. / Like brutes they live, like brutish beasts they die - / The source of life, of hope, and heavenly love, / They care not for, they never look above."&mdash;Barber, 1857

The Hog Never Looks Higher than His Head

"More than to eat, the hog does not aspire; / To get and cram his food, he looks no higher, / Like men…