"An optical toy consisting of a vertical cylindrical mirror which gives a correct image of a distorted picture drawn at the base on a plane at right angles to axis of the mirror."-Whitney, 1902

Anamorphoscope

"An optical toy consisting of a vertical cylindrical mirror which gives a correct image of a distorted…

"A method of drawing which gives a distorted image of the object represented when it is viewed from directly or nearly so, but a natural image when it is viewed from a certain point, is reflected by a curved mirror, or is seen through a polyhedron."-Whitney, 1902

Anamorphosis

"A method of drawing which gives a distorted image of the object represented when it is viewed from…

"An optical instrument employed to facilitate the sketching of objects from nature by producing a reflected picture of them upon paper. Wollaston's apparatus is one of the commonest. The essential part is a totally-reflecting prism with four angles, one of which is 90 degrees, the opposite one 135 degrees, and the other two each 67 degrees. One of the two faces which contain the right angle is turned towards the object to be sketched." — Winston's Encyclopedia, 1919

Camera Lucida

"An optical instrument employed to facilitate the sketching of objects from nature by producing a reflected…

"An optical instrument employed for exhibiting the images of objects in their forms and colors, so that they may be traced and a picture drawn, or may be represented by photography. A simple camera obscura is presented by a darkened chamber into which no light is permitted to enter excepting by a small hole in the window-shutter. A picture of the objects opposite the hole will then be seen on the wall or on a white screen placed opposite the opening." — Winston's Encyclopedia, 1919

Camera Obscura

"An optical instrument employed for exhibiting the images of objects in their forms and colors, so that…

"The wood used for engraving is boxwood, nearly all of which is imported from Turkey." —The Popular Cyclopedia, 1888

Wood engraving

"The wood used for engraving is boxwood, nearly all of which is imported from Turkey." —The Popular…

Artistic technique in which the object is shortened in proportion to its approach to the perpendicular to the plane of the picture.

Foreshortening

Artistic technique in which the object is shortened in proportion to its approach to the perpendicular…

Device used for contact printing that holds a negative against the photographic paper. The paper is exposed by light from an external light

Printing Frame

Device used for contact printing that holds a negative against the photographic paper. The paper is…

This textile pattern comes from a 1560 Venetian picture.

Textile Pattern

This textile pattern comes from a 1560 Venetian picture.

A picture of a woman.

Picture of Woman

A picture of a woman.

An example of Native American picture writing. One interpretation: "The chiefs Black Wolf, Raven, Fast Bear, and Standing Bear hold a war council round the fire where grass was high. They dig up the hatchet, have plenty of arrows, and start on foot to a Cheyenne village (cut arm, Cheyenne sign) on Beaver Creek, where they expect to have a fight, and stampede the herd of fat ponies." —Scott, 1884

Picture Writing

An example of Native American picture writing. One interpretation: "The chiefs Black Wolf, Raven, Fast…

This is a picture painting of liquor drink.

Stamped Metal Frame Picture

This is a picture painting of liquor drink.

"Fighting as pictured in the Bayeux tapestry, a contemporary work."—Gordy, 1912

Pictured Fighting

"Fighting as pictured in the Bayeux tapestry, a contemporary work."—Gordy, 1912

The Kesselstadt Picture, a picture of the deceased William Shakespeare, was in possession of Count Francis von Kesselstadt's family for more than a century

William Shakespeare

The Kesselstadt Picture, a picture of the deceased William Shakespeare, was in possession of Count Francis…

This is a drawing of a woman changing shoes.

Woman Changing Shoes

This is a drawing of a woman changing shoes.

A capital letter W with the image of a sailing ship in the background.

Pictorial Letter W

A capital letter W with the image of a sailing ship in the background.

An illustration of a woman looking at a picture of a man.

Woman Looking at Picture

An illustration of a woman looking at a picture of a man.

"Picture writing of the Tahltan, a British Columbia tribe. The drawing was done in charcoal on the blazed trunk of a tree. The meaning is: 'Using a raft, I shot three geese.'"—Webster, 1913

Indian Picture Writing

"Picture writing of the Tahltan, a British Columbia tribe. The drawing was done in charcoal on the blazed…