"And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so, as Jehovah had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before his servants, and it became a serpent." Exodus 7:10 ASV
<p>Illustration of Moses and Aaron standing before Pharaoh and his advisers. Aaron holds the tale of a serpent that used to be his rod. Moses stands next to him and gestures toward the serpent. Pharaoh, wearing a crown, holding a sceptre, and sitting on a throne, stares at the snake. His arm is outstretched. One of Pharaoh's servants gapes at the scene. Others stand behind him, befuddled. A doorway displays a pyramid and palm trees in the background.

Aaron's Rod Turning into a Serpent Before Pharaoh and His Magicians

"And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so, as Jehovah had commanded: and Aaron cast…

"[African American] drivers of the baggage train attached to General Pleasonton's Cavalry brigade watering their mules in the Rappahannock. General Pleasonton's cavalry was attended by a very efficient forage brigade, consisting of mules and [African American] riders. Our sketch represents their drivers taking them to water at the river. The hard work these animals will endure is something wonderful, and justifies the high estimation in which they are held in the army." &mdash; Frank Leslie, 1896

Baggage train

"[African American] drivers of the baggage train attached to General Pleasonton's Cavalry brigade watering…

An illustration of African American slaves picking cotton in Alabama.

Cotton Picking

An illustration of African American slaves picking cotton in Alabama.

An illustration of the cotton plant.

Cotton Plant

An illustration of the cotton plant.

Slaves on a cotton plantation

Cotton Plantation

Slaves on a cotton plantation

Douglass was an abolitionist, editor, speaker, and reformed. He is also known as "The Sage of Anacostia" and "The Lion of Anacostia."

Frederick Douglass

Douglass was an abolitionist, editor, speaker, and reformed. He is also known as "The Sage of Anacostia"…

A typical cotton field with many workers

Cotton Field

A typical cotton field with many workers

A group of slaves attending a religious prayer meeting.

Prayer Meeting

A group of slaves attending a religious prayer meeting.

"And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and Jehovah overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, even all the host of Pharaoh that went in after them into the sea; there remained not so much as one of them." Exodus 14:27-28 ASV
<p>Pharaoh and his armies are destroyed by the returning water of the Red Sea. Men, chariots, weapons, and horses are tossed by waves. Moses and the Israelites stand on dry land in the background. Moses has his staff raised over the waters. A single strike of lightning streaks the sky.

The Red Sea Swallows Pharaoh and His Army

"And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its strength when the morning…

"School-house where Thomas Jefferson received his early education." -Gordy, 1916

Schoolhouse

"School-house where Thomas Jefferson received his early education." -Gordy, 1916

An illustration of African American slaves sitting outside modest cabins.

Slave Cabins

An illustration of African American slaves sitting outside modest cabins.

"A forked branch of a tree, four or five feet long, used by slave-hunters in Africa to prevent the slaves they had captured or purchased from running away when on the march from the interior to the coast. The forked part was secured on the neck of the slave by lashings passing from the end of one prong to the end of the other, so that the heavy stick hung down nearly to the ground, or (as was usually the case) was connected with the fork on the neck of another slave." &mdash;Whitney, 1889
<p>In this illustration, the slave sits on the ground with the slave fork out in front of him. He is in an enclosure with a thatched roof.

Slave Fork

"A forked branch of a tree, four or five feet long, used by slave-hunters in Africa to prevent the slaves…

An illustration of a group of slaves fleeing from Army.

Slaves Fleeing from Army

An illustration of a group of slaves fleeing from Army.

An illustration of a group of soldiers in front of a house with slaves.

Soldiers & House

An illustration of a group of soldiers in front of a house with slaves.