(1861-1931) American educator serving as president of the University of North Carolina, Tulane University, and the University of Virginia.

Edwin Anderson Alderman

(1861-1931) American educator serving as president of the University of North Carolina, Tulane University,…

A group of young boys sitting on benches surrounding a teacher in a schoolroom.

Boys in Schoolroom

A group of young boys sitting on benches surrounding a teacher in a schoolroom.

A cartoon of a band instructor and a tuba player.

Cartoon of Band Instructor and Tuba Player

A cartoon of a band instructor and a tuba player.

A cat sneaking up on a mouse teaching a class how to escape from cats.

Cat and Mice

A cat sneaking up on a mouse teaching a class how to escape from cats.

Children with a woman, looking at scenery.

Children

Children with a woman, looking at scenery.

A classroom of students looking out the window.

Classroom

A classroom of students looking out the window.

A lesson about apples.

Classroom

A lesson about apples.

A classroom with children sitting, listening to their teacher.

Classroom

A classroom with children sitting, listening to their teacher.

(550-478 B.C.) Famous Chinese teacher and philosopher.

Confucius

(550-478 B.C.) Famous Chinese teacher and philosopher.

Two students drawing geometrical shapes on the chalkboard. A student is also using a scale while students sitting at desks take notes.

Geometry

Two students drawing geometrical shapes on the chalkboard. A student is also using a scale while students…

William Torrey Harris (9/10/1835 - 11/5/1909) was born in North Killingly, Connecticut. After attending Andover Academy and two at Yale Harris moved to St. Louis, MO where he taught from 1857 to 1880. There he was superintendent of schools from 1868 to 1880 and established, with Susan E. Blow, America's first permanent public kindergarten in 1873.

William T. Harris

William Torrey Harris (9/10/1835 - 11/5/1909) was born in North Killingly, Connecticut. After attending…

Professor of Physical Geography and Natural Philosophy in the Central High School of Philadelphia; Professor of Physics in the Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania.

Edwin J. Houston

Professor of Physical Geography and Natural Philosophy in the Central High School of Philadelphia; Professor…

John Knox (c. 1510 – 24 November 1572) was a Scottish clergyman and leader of the Protestant Reformation who is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination. He was educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland, Mary of Guise. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549.

John Knox

John Knox (c. 1510 – 24 November 1572) was a Scottish clergyman and leader of the Protestant Reformation…

American politician and professor of political science.

Lucius Quintius C. Lamar

American politician and professor of political science.

An adult man watching an adult woman asleep at her desk.

Man Watching Woman Sleep

An adult man watching an adult woman asleep at her desk.

"(1798-1859), an American educator who helped to establish the present common school system in the United States." -Foster, 1921

Horace Mann

"(1798-1859), an American educator who helped to establish the present common school system in the United…

Students work on math in front of the class using an early abacus and writing on the chalkboard.

Math Class

Students work on math in front of the class using an early abacus and writing on the chalkboard.

Students learning how to measure liquids.

Measuring

Students learning how to measure liquids.

"Indian explaining the method of kindling a fire by the friction of two pieces of wood." —Wells, 1857

Native American Teachers

"Indian explaining the method of kindling a fire by the friction of two pieces of wood." —Wells,…

A teacher helps students do math with a sand table, a predecessor to the abacus.

Sand Table

A teacher helps students do math with a sand table, a predecessor to the abacus.

A cartoon of a schoolteacher and a young boy, who is holding open a book. A chalkboard decorates the background behind them.

Schoolteacher and Young Boy

A cartoon of a schoolteacher and a young boy, who is holding open a book. A chalkboard decorates the…

An illustration of a schoolhouse filled with unruly students.

Unruly Students

An illustration of a schoolhouse filled with unruly students.

Teacher teaching her class how to add simple numbers.

Teacher

Teacher teaching her class how to add simple numbers.

A teacher explaining a document to her pupil.

Teacher

A teacher explaining a document to her pupil.

A teacher walking around her classroom.

Teacher

A teacher walking around her classroom.

A teacher in front of her classroom.

Teacher

A teacher in front of her classroom.

An illustration of a teacher wearing a hat and robe whipping a young pupil with a branch.

Teacher Whipping Boy with Swatches

An illustration of a teacher wearing a hat and robe whipping a young pupil with a branch.

A teacher showing a math problem on the blackboard in front of the class.

Teaching Math

A teacher showing a math problem on the blackboard in front of the class.

A teacher watches a group of students weighing apples and writing out measurement problems on the chalkboard.

Weighing Apples

A teacher watches a group of students weighing apples and writing out measurement problems on the chalkboard.

Andrew Dickson White (November 7, 1832 – November 4, 1918) was a U.S. diplomat, author, and educator, best known as the co-founder of Cornell University. In 1869 White gave a lecture on "The Battle-Fields of Science", arguing that history showed the negative outcomes resulting from any attempt on the part of religion to interfere with the progress of science. Over the next 30 years he refined his analysis, expanding his case studies to include nearly every field of science over the entire history of Christianity, but also narrowing his target from "religion" through "ecclesiasticism" to "dogmatic theology."

Andrew Dickson White

Andrew Dickson White (November 7, 1832 – November 4, 1918) was a U.S. diplomat, author, and educator,…

A cartoon of a woman teaching to two bears, who are sitting on a bench and reading books.

Woman Teaching Bears

A cartoon of a woman teaching to two bears, who are sitting on a bench and reading books.