(1.) The guillotine is an instrument employed for the purpose of decapitation. It was officially introduced into France as the means of inflicting capital punishment in April, 1792. It was named after its reputed inventor, Dr. Joseph Ingace-Guillotin, who, contrary to popular belief, died a natural death, and not a victim of his own invention. The instrument consists of two upright posts held together at the top by a cross beam, the former being perpendicularly so grooved as to allow of the falling in a direct line a broad steel blade, whose edge is cut obliquely. The latter, sometimes weighted with lead, descends upon the neck of the criminal immediately after the cord which holds it up is released by the executioner.
(2.) A guillotine is a machine, similar in name and in general construction to the above, employed by bookbinders. It is used for cutting paper and trimming the edges of books after the sheets have been sewn together.

Guillotine

(1.) The guillotine is an instrument employed for the purpose of decapitation. It was officially introduced…

"The hides now come to be trimmed and prepared for tanning in the shape in which they are intended ultimately to be sent into the market. An entire untrimmed hide is termed a crop; a side is half a crop, the dividing line of the two sides being shown at EF; a butt is the back portion ABCD, and a bend is half a butt ABFE. G, G are belly pieces, and H, H the cheeks, both together being the offal. When the shoulder (the upper part of the butt) is removed, what remains is the short butt." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Hide Divisions

"The hides now come to be trimmed and prepared for tanning in the shape in which they are intended ultimately…

"This pruning or shortening of the roots causes the production of a new set of fibres from the severed ends. It also causes other roots to push out near the crown, and if a plant thus pruned be taken up in a few weeks after planting, its roots will appear somewhat as shown." —Fuller, 1910

Plant with roots pruned

"This pruning or shortening of the roots causes the production of a new set of fibres from the severed…

A sharp-edged instrument used esp. for shaving the face or trimming the hair.

Disposable Safety Razor

A sharp-edged instrument used esp. for shaving the face or trimming the hair.

A sharp-edged instrument used esp. for shaving the face or trimming the hair.

Safety Razor

A sharp-edged instrument used esp. for shaving the face or trimming the hair.

a top, or spinning top, is a toy that can be spun on an axis, balancing on a point. This motion is produced by holding the axis firmly while pulling a string. An internal weight then rotates, producing an overall circular motion.

Spinning Top

a top, or spinning top, is a toy that can be spun on an axis, balancing on a point. This motion is produced…

This diagram is an example of how to trim a basket after the basket has been bounded and banded. This is an ornamental stage.

Trimming a basket

This diagram is an example of how to trim a basket after the basket has been bounded and banded. This…