Genus Pinus, L. (Pine)
Leaves - simple; indeterminate in position because of their closeness, but arranged along the branches in three-leaved sheathed bunches. Leaf - needle-shaped, three to six inches long; stiff and sharp; the outer side flattish; the inner side slightly ridged, and rough downwards. Bark - very thick and rough, and deeply fissured; dark, often with a reddish or purplish tinge. Cones - two to three inches long, oftenest in clusters of two to four. Scales - tipped with stiff and sometimes curved prickles. Found - from New Brunswick to Lake Ontario, through the Atlantic States to Northern Georgia, and extending to the western slope of the Alleghany Mountains, in West Virginia and Kentucky. Usually in dry, sandy soil, sometimes in deep swamps. Very common. General Information - An evergreen tree thirty to eighty feet high, with very irregular branches, and a trunk that is seldom straight to the top. The wood is hard and full of pitch, of slight value except for fuel and charcoal and coarse lumber.