An auger is a device for moving material or liquid (see Archimedes’ screw) by means of a rotating helical flighting. The material is moved along the axis of rotation. For some uses the helical ‘flighting’ is enclosed in a tube, for other uses the flighting is not encased. An integral part of a drill, the auger of the drill bit, uses this mechanism to remove shavings from the hole being drilled.
Charles Barnard Tools and Machines (New York, NY: Silver, Burdett and Company, 1903)