Coffea Arabica is a species of coffee indigenous to Ethiopia and Yemen. It is also known as the “coffee shrub of Arabia", “mountain coffee” or “arabica coffee". Coffea arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, being grown in southwest Arabia for well over 1,000 years. It is considered to produce better coffee than the other major commercially grown coffee species.
Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed., vol. 6) (New York, NY: The Encyclopaedia Britannica Company, 1910)