Edmund Burke (12 January 1729 – 9 July 1797) was an Irish statesman, author, orator, political theorist, and philosopher who, after relocating to Great Britain, served for many years in the British House of Commons as a member of the Whig party. He is mainly remembered for his opposition to the French Revolution. It led to him becoming the leading figure within the conservative faction of the Whig party, which he dubbed the “Old Whigs", in opposition to the pro-French-Revolution “New Whigs” led by Charles James Fox. He is generally viewed as the philosophical founder of modern conservatism.
Lester, C. Edwards Lester’s History of the United States Vol. I (New York, NY: P. F. Collier, 1883)