The House Martin (Delichon urbicum), sometimes called the Northern House Martin or Common House Martin, is a migratory passerine bird of the swallow family which breeds in Europe, north Africa and temperate Asia; and winters in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical Asia. It feeds on insects which are caught in flight, and it migrates to climates where flying insects are plentiful. It has a blue head and upperparts, white rump and pure white underparts, and is found in both open country and near human habitation.
Keywordsbird, swallow, House Martin, Delichon urbicum, Northern House Martin, Common House Martin, migratory passerine bird
The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (New York, NY: The Century Co., 1889)