American Woodcock Head

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“Philohela. American Woodcock. First three primaries emarginate, attenuate and falcate, abruptly shorter and narrower than the 4th. Wings short and rounded; when folded, the primaries hidden by the coverts and inner quills. Legs short; tibiae feathered to the joint; tarsus shorter than middle toe and claw, scutellate before and behind; toes long and slender, cleft to the base Bill much longer than head, perfectly straight, stout at base, where the ridge rises high, knobbed at end of upper mandible, very deeply grooved nearly all its length, the culmen and line of gonys also furrowed toward end; very soft and sensitive; gape very short and narrow. Head large; neck short; ear under the eye, which is very full, set in back upper corner of the head. Sexes alike; Female largest.” Elliot Coues, 1884


Birds: W-Z


Elliot Coues Key to North American Birds (Boston, MA: Estes and Lauriat, 1884)


TIFF (full resolution)

2400×894, 650.1 KiB

Large GIF

1024×381, 96.6 KiB

Medium GIF

640×238, 42.2 KiB

Small GIF

320×119, 12.1 KiB