Lathe for Wood-turning
A contrivance for shaping, or ‘turning’, wood, metal, or ivory into forms of a circular or oval section. The simplest form of lathe, and one which is still generally used in India, consists of two rigid centers, between which the object is revolved by means of a piece of cord wound round it, and pulled alternately backwards and forwards. The ‘dead-center’ lathe, which was commonly used early in the 1800’s, was but a modification of this primitive form, preserving its chief drawback of an alternating motion.
John H. Finley ed. Nelson's Perpetual Loose-Leaf Encyclopaedia (vol. 7) (New York, NY: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1917) 218