This ClipArt gallery offers 139 illustrations of numerous types of mosses and lichens. Mosses and lichens are part of the taxonomic division known as bryophyes, or non-vascular land plants.

"A genus of mosses constituting the natural order Andreæaceæ."-Whitdney, 1902

Andreæa

"A genus of mosses constituting the natural order Andreæaceæ."-Whitdney, 1902

"Andrea nivalis, natural size; 2. the same much magnified; 3. spore-case with the torn calyptra; 4. spore-case after the discharge of the spores; 5. columella with a few spores adhering." -Lindley, 1853

Andrea nivalis

"Andrea nivalis, natural size; 2. the same much magnified; 3. spore-case with the torn calyptra; 4.…

The moss, Andraea rupestris much magnified.

Andreaea Moss

The moss, Andraea rupestris much magnified.

"The elastic ring which surrounds the spore case."-Whitney, 1902

Annuli

"The elastic ring which surrounds the spore case."-Whitney, 1902

"Image: Antheridia of a moss surrounded by paraphyses. The organ cryptogamic plants which answers to the anther in the phanerogamic series."-Whitney, 1902

Antheridia

"Image: Antheridia of a moss surrounded by paraphyses. The organ cryptogamic plants which answers to…

This illustration shows a section of a young antheridial branch: an, antheridia sunken in cavities of the branch, which is also provided with air chambers similar to those of the normal thallus. Some of the antheridia have discharged their gametes, as at x.

Antheridial Branch

This illustration shows a section of a young antheridial branch: an, antheridia sunken in cavities of…

"Anthoceros fusiformis. Portion of lamellate, cristate thallus, which easily retains water." -Gager, 1916

Anthoceros fusiformis

"Anthoceros fusiformis. Portion of lamellate, cristate thallus, which easily retains water." -Gager,…

A genus of the plants known as liverworts. The body is a simple flat thallus and produces a slender spore-case.

Anthoceros Showing Thallus with Two Capsules

A genus of the plants known as liverworts. The body is a simple flat thallus and produces a slender…

A genus of the plants known as liverworts. The body is a simple flat thallus and produces a slender spore-case.

Anthoceros, Mature Capsule Splitting

A genus of the plants known as liverworts. The body is a simple flat thallus and produces a slender…

Section of a smaller apothecium.

Apothecium

Section of a smaller apothecium.

"The lichen from which the (rich violet, mauve or purple) dye is obtained."-Whitney, 1902

Archil

"The lichen from which the (rich violet, mauve or purple) dye is obtained."-Whitney, 1902

"Shields of Baeomyces rufus." -Lindley, 1853

Asci

"Shields of Baeomyces rufus." -Lindley, 1853

This illustration shows the cross-section of a stem of Botrychium: p, pith; x, xylem; m, ray; c, cambium; ph, phloem; e, endodermis; cr, cortex.

Botrychium

This illustration shows the cross-section of a stem of Botrychium: p, pith; x, xylem; m, ray; c, cambium;…

Stage of a species of Botrydium, a globose cell.

Botrydium

Stage of a species of Botrydium, a globose cell.

Full-grown plant, extended and ramified below in a root-like way.

Botrydium

Full-grown plant, extended and ramified below in a root-like way.

A species of Botrytis.

Botrytis

A species of Botrytis.

Riccia. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section. The cells which will produce the sporogenous tissue are shaded.

Bryophyta

Riccia. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section. The cells…

Marchantia morpha. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section. The cells which will produce the sporogenous tissue are shaded.

Bryophyta

Marchantia morpha. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section.…

Pellia epiphylla. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section. The cells which will produce the sporogenous tissue are shaded.

Bryophyta

Pellia epiphylla. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section.…

Anthoceros laevis. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section. The cells which will produce the sporogenous tissue are shaded.

Bryophyta

Anthoceros laevis. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section.…

Cephalozia bicuspidata. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section. The cells which will produce the sporogenous tissue are shaded.

Bryophyta

Cephalozia bicuspidata. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section.…

Radula complanaia. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section. The cells which will produce the sporogenous tissue are shaded.

Bryophyta

Radula complanaia. Semi-diagrammatic figure of a young embryo of Liverworts in longitudinal section.…

Marchantia polymorpha. Portion of thallus bearing two stalked antheridiophores

Bryophyta

Marchantia polymorpha. Portion of thallus bearing two stalked antheridiophores

Marchantia polymorpha. Longitudinal section through a young antheridiophore. The antheridia are seated in depressions of the upper surface.

Bryophyta

Marchantia polymorpha. Longitudinal section through a young antheridiophore. The antheridia are seated…

Marchantia polymorpha. Longitudinal section of antheridium

Bryophyta

Marchantia polymorpha. Longitudinal section of antheridium

Marchantia polymorpha. Stoma in surface view

Bryophyta

Marchantia polymorpha. Stoma in surface view

Marchantia polymorpha. Air-chamber with the filaments of assimilating cells and stoma in vertical section

Bryophyta

Marchantia polymorpha. Air-chamber with the filaments of assimilating cells and stoma in vertical section

Blasia pusilla. The margin of the thallus bears leaf-like lobes

Bryophyta

Blasia pusilla. The margin of the thallus bears leaf-like lobes

Chiloscyphus polyanthos. The perianth with the small perichaetial leaves below it.

Bryophyta

Chiloscyphus polyanthos. The perianth with the small perichaetial leaves below it.

Cephalozia bicuspidata. Longitudinal section of the summit of a shoot bearing a nearly mature sporogonium, sg, still enclosed in the calyptra; ar, archegonia which have remained unfertilized

Bryophyta

Cephalozia bicuspidata. Longitudinal section of the summit of a shoot bearing a nearly mature sporogonium,…

Anthoceros laevis

Bryophyta

Anthoceros laevis

Funaria hygrometrica. Leafy shoot bearing a young sporogonium enclosed in the calyptra

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Leafy shoot bearing a young sporogonium enclosed in the calyptra

Funaria hygrometrica. Leafy plant with an almost mature sporogonium

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Leafy plant with an almost mature sporogonium

Funaria hygrometrica. Median longitudinal section of a capsule, with the seta gradually widening into the apophysis at its base

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Median longitudinal section of a capsule, with the seta gradually widening into…

Funaria hygrometrica. Germinating spores.

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Germinating spores.

Funaria hygrometrica. Part of a developed protonema. h, Creeping filament with brown walls from which the filaments of chlorophyll-containing cells

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Part of a developed protonema. h, Creeping filament with brown walls from which…

Sphagnum acutifolium. Longitudinal section of apex of a bud bearing archegonia (ar), enclosed by the large leaves (y); ch, small perichaetial leaves

Bryophyta

Sphagnum acutifolium. Longitudinal section of apex of a bud bearing archegonia (ar), enclosed by the…

Sphagnum acutifolium. Longitudinal section of the sporognium borne on the pseudopodium (ps); c, calyptra; ar, neck of archegonium; sg, foot; sg, capsule.

Bryophyta

Sphagnum acutifolium. Longitudinal section of the sporognium borne on the pseudopodium (ps); c, calyptra;…

Sphagnum acutifolium. Ripe sporogonium raised on the pseudopodium above the enclosing leaves

Bryophyta

Sphagnum acutifolium. Ripe sporogonium raised on the pseudopodium above the enclosing leaves

Andreaea pelrophila, plant bearing opened capsule

Bryophyta

Andreaea pelrophila, plant bearing opened capsule

Funaria hygrometrica. Longitudinal section through the summit of a male branch

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Longitudinal section through the summit of a male branch

Funaria hygrometrica. Longitudinal section of the very young sporogonium enclosed in the archegonial wall.

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Longitudinal section of the very young sporogonium enclosed in the archegonial…

Funaria hygrometrica. Further stages of the development of the sporogonium enclosed in the calyptra formed from the archegonial wall and still bearing the neck. The foot of the sporogonium has penetrated into the underlying tissue of the stem of the moss-plant

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Further stages of the development of the sporogonium enclosed in the calyptra…

Funaria hygrometrica. Further stages of the development of the sporogonium enclosed in the calyptra formed from the archegonial wall and still bearing the neck. The foot of the sporogonium has penetrated into the underlying tissue of the stem of the moss-plant

Bryophyta

Funaria hygrometrica. Further stages of the development of the sporogonium enclosed in the calyptra…

"A moss (Catharinea). The sporophytes of this moss are usually rather more slender than as here represented." -Bergen, 1896

Catharinea

"A moss (Catharinea). The sporophytes of this moss are usually rather more slender than as here represented."…

"Cross section through a water-absorbing scale of Tillandsia usneoides; a, a, water-absorbing cells partially filled with water." -Stevens, 1916

T. Usneoides Cell

"Cross section through a water-absorbing scale of Tillandsia usneoides; a, a, water-absorbing cells…

Cetraria is also known as Iceland Moss, and is used for medicinal purposes.

Cetraria Islandica

Cetraria is also known as Iceland Moss, and is used for medicinal purposes.

Cladonia coccinea; the fructification is in the scarlet knobs, which surround the cups.

Cladonia

Cladonia coccinea; the fructification is in the scarlet knobs, which surround the cups.

Hyphomycetes on a clover.

Clover

Hyphomycetes on a clover.

Hyphomycetes on a tuft.

Clover

Hyphomycetes on a tuft.

Hyphomycetes on a clover, the threads and spores enlarged.

Clover

Hyphomycetes on a clover, the threads and spores enlarged.

An illustration of a four leaf clover sporocarp with valves opened. Four leaf clover is found in central and southern Europe, Caucasia, western Siberia, Afghanistan, S.W. India, China, Japan and North America. Considered a weed in some parts of the United States where it has been well established in the north eastern States for over 100 years.

Four Leaf Clover Sporocarp with Valves Opened

An illustration of a four leaf clover sporocarp with valves opened. Four leaf clover is found in central…

Four leaf clover is found in central and southern Europe, Caucasia, western Siberia, Afghanistan, S.W. India, China, Japan and North America. Considered a weed in some parts of the United States where it has been well established in the north eastern States for over 100 years.

Four Leaf Clover

Four leaf clover is found in central and southern Europe, Caucasia, western Siberia, Afghanistan, S.W.…

Lycopodiopsida is a class of plants often loosely grouped as the fern allies, and includes the clubmosses. Lycopodiopsida traditionally included all the clubmosses, including Selaginella and Isoetes. However, subdivisions within the Division Lycopodiophyta are now considered ancient enough to warrant higher-level separation in accordance with cladistics. Clubmosses are thought to be structurally similar to the earliest vascular plants, with small, scale-like leaves, homosporous spores borne in sporangia at the bases of the leaves, branching stems (usually dichotomous), and generally simple form.

Club Moss

Lycopodiopsida is a class of plants often loosely grouped as the fern allies, and includes the clubmosses.…

"Scale sporopyll and sporangium of club moss."—Finley, 1917

Spore of club moss

"Scale sporopyll and sporangium of club moss."—Finley, 1917

"Plant of Lycopodium (L. annotinum)." -Bergen, 1896

Clubmoss

"Plant of Lycopodium (L. annotinum)." -Bergen, 1896

A purple or violet powder, used in dyeing violet, purple, crimson, prepared for various species of lichens which grow on the rocks in northern europe.

Cudbear

A purple or violet powder, used in dyeing violet, purple, crimson, prepared for various species of lichens…

Cyanthus is also known as the bird's nest fungi.

Cyanthus

Cyanthus is also known as the bird's nest fungi.

Large plants having spread or secund leaves with strong costa.

Dicarnum

Large plants having spread or secund leaves with strong costa.

Two elaters and some spores from the same.

Elaters of Jungermannia

Two elaters and some spores from the same.