"Gros Tournois of Louis IX. GROS. A coin of relatively large size: applied to silver coins of various kinds in France in the thirteenth and following centuries." -Whitney, 1911

Obverse Side of Gros Tornois

"Gros Tournois of Louis IX. GROS. A coin of relatively large size: applied to silver coins of various…

"Gros Tournois of Louis IX. GROS. A coin of relatively large size: applied to silver coins of various kinds in France in the thirteenth and following centuries." -Whitney, 1911

Reverse Side of Gros Tornois

"Gros Tournois of Louis IX. GROS. A coin of relatively large size: applied to silver coins of various…

"Groschen of Hanover, 1866. GROSCHEN. A small silver coin of various kinds in Germany from the fourteenth century." -Whitney, 1911

Groschen

"Groschen of Hanover, 1866. GROSCHEN. A small silver coin of various kinds in Germany from the fourteenth…

An English gold piece, struck during the reign of Charles II. They are called guineas because they were struck, for the most part, from gold obtained from Guinea. This coin preceded the sovereign.

Guinea of Charles II

An English gold piece, struck during the reign of Charles II. They are called guineas because they were…

"Silver gulden of William III., King of the Netherlands, 1867. GULDEN. One of several gold coins in Germany from the fourteenth century ... the name was afterward applied to silver coins of Germany and the Netherlands." -Whitney, 1911

Gulden

"Silver gulden of William III., King of the Netherlands, 1867. GULDEN. One of several gold coins in…

"Obverse. Gun-money. Half-crown, 1689. GUN-MONEY. Money of the coinage issued by James II in Ireland when he attempted to recover his kingdom in 1689 and 1690." -Whitney, 1911

Obverse Side of Gun Money

"Obverse. Gun-money. Half-crown, 1689. GUN-MONEY. Money of the coinage issued by James II in Ireland…

"Reverse. Gun-money. Half-crown, 1689. GUN-MONEY. Money of the coinage issued by James II in Ireland when he attempted to recover his kingdom in 1689 and 1690." -Whitney, 1911

Reverse Side of Gun Money

"Reverse. Gun-money. Half-crown, 1689. GUN-MONEY. Money of the coinage issued by James II in Ireland…

"Coin of Henry and Stephan." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Henry and Stephen

"Coin of Henry and Stephan." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of Henry I." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Henry I

"Coin of Henry I." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of Henry II." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Henry II

"Coin of Henry II." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of Henry VII." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Henry VII

"Coin of Henry VII." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of Henry VIII" — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Henry VIII

"Coin of Henry VIII" — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of James II." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of James II

"Coin of James II." — Lardner, 1885

The Lord Baltimore Shilling.

The Lord Baltimore Shilling

The Lord Baltimore Shilling.

"Lyre, with seven strings. From a coin of Chalcis." — Smith, 1882

Lyre coin

"Lyre, with seven strings. From a coin of Chalcis." — Smith, 1882

"Coin of Macedonia." — Smith, 1882

Coin of Macedonia

"Coin of Macedonia." — Smith, 1882

Maryland shilling from Colonial period

Maryland Shilling

Maryland shilling from Colonial period

"Minerva is often represented on gems and coins, hurling the thunderbolts of Jove. The following cut, so representing her, is from a silver coin of Antigonus Gona as itself copied from an ancient statue." — Anthon, 1891

Coin of Minerva

"Minerva is often represented on gems and coins, hurling the thunderbolts of Jove. The following cut,…

A stack of money.

Money

A stack of money.

An illustration of all of the coins in use in the United States.

United States Money

An illustration of all of the coins in use in the United States.

Coin of Mytelene, capital of Lesbos.

Mytilene, coin of

Coin of Mytelene, capital of Lesbos.

In 1690, The Massachusetts Bay Colony issued the first paper money in the colonies, called Colonial Notes, which would later form the United States.

First American Paper Money, 1690

In 1690, The Massachusetts Bay Colony issued the first paper money in the colonies, called Colonial…

An illustration of two pennies.

Pennies

An illustration of two pennies.

"Coin of Perseus, king of Macedonia." — Smith, 1882

Coin of Perseus

"Coin of Perseus, king of Macedonia." — Smith, 1882

"Coin of Philip V., king of Macedonia." — Smith, 1882

Coin of Philip V

"Coin of Philip V., king of Macedonia." — Smith, 1882

A pine tree shilling.

The Pine Tree Shilling

A pine tree shilling.

The Pine-Tree Shilling. This is a fac-simile of the first money coined in America. The mint-master, who was allowed to take fifteen pence out of every twenty shillings, for his trouble in coining, made a large fortune by it. Henry Sewall, the founder of Newbury, in Massachusetts, married his only daughter, a girl of eighteen years. When the wedding ceremony was ended, a large pair of scales was brought out and suspended. In one disk the blushing bride was placed, and "pine tree shillings," as the coin was called, were poured into the other until there was an equiposie. The money was then handed to Mr. Sewall as his wife's dowry, amounting to one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. There are a few pieces of this money still in existence. One which I saw in the possession of a gentleman in New York was not as much worn as many of the Spanish quarters now in circulation among us. The silver appeared to be very pure.

Pine-Tree Shilling

The Pine-Tree Shilling. This is a fac-simile of the first money coined in America. The mint-master,…

The pine-tree shilling, an early form of currency in colonial America.

Pine-tree Shilling

The pine-tree shilling, an early form of currency in colonial America.

Coin of Piso with bust on front and wreath on back. Front.

Coin of Piso

Coin of Piso with bust on front and wreath on back. Front.

Coin of Piso with bust on front and wreath on back. Back.

Coin of Piso

Coin of Piso with bust on front and wreath on back. Back.

The official currency of the United Kingdom.

The Pound Sterling

The official currency of the United Kingdom.

"Coin of Ptolemy." — Smith, 1882

Coin of Ptolemy

"Coin of Ptolemy." — Smith, 1882

"Coin of Richard III." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Richard III

"Coin of Richard III." — Lardner, 1885

An illustration of a roman coin (denarius). The left side represents the laurel-crowned head of Titus. The right side depicts a female sitting underneath a palm tree with helmets behind her. The Roman currency system included the denarius after 211 BC, a small silver coin, and it was the most common coin produced for circulation but was slowly debased until its replacement by the antoninianus.

Roman Coins (Denarius)

An illustration of a roman coin (denarius). The left side represents the laurel-crowned head of Titus.…

The front of a coin worth 100 copecks in Russia.

Ruble

The front of a coin worth 100 copecks in Russia.

This scudo is an Italian coin with Pope Gregory XVI on the obverse side.

Scudo

This scudo is an Italian coin with Pope Gregory XVI on the obverse side.

"Coin of Seleucus." — Smith, 1882

Coin of Seleucus

"Coin of Seleucus." — Smith, 1882

A coin of ancient Rome, the sesterce.

Sesterce

A coin of ancient Rome, the sesterce.

The sestertius or sesterce was an ancient silver coin during the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

Sestertius

The sestertius or sesterce was an ancient silver coin during the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

"A shekel from the time of Judas Maccabaeus."—Finley, 1917

Shekel

"A shekel from the time of Judas Maccabaeus."—Finley, 1917

The obverse side of the Shekel, a ancient silver coin used in Mesopotamia and Jerusalem.

Shekel

The obverse side of the Shekel, a ancient silver coin used in Mesopotamia and Jerusalem.

The reverse side of the Shekel, a ancient silver coin used in Mesopotamia and Jerusalem.

Shekel

The reverse side of the Shekel, a ancient silver coin used in Mesopotamia and Jerusalem.

"A shilling from the time of Henry VII."—Finley, 1917

Shilling

"A shilling from the time of Henry VII."—Finley, 1917

"A coin, generally of unusual shape and rude workmanship, issued in a town or castle during a siege, when the operations of the ordinary mints are suspended." -Whitney, 1911

Siege Piece

"A coin, generally of unusual shape and rude workmanship, issued in a town or castle during a siege,…

"Coin of Syracuse." — Smith, 1882

Syracuse, coin of

"Coin of Syracuse." — Smith, 1882

"The Temple of Janus is represented as closed." — Anthon, 1891

Coin of Temple of Janus

"The Temple of Janus is represented as closed." — Anthon, 1891

"Reverse of a Massachusetts Treasury note. This is a fac simile of the device on the back of one of the first of the Massachusetts treasury notes or bills of credit. The literal translation of the Latin inscription is 'He seeks by the sword calm repose under the auspices of Freedom.' In othe words, to use a phrase of the present time, they were determined 'to conquer a peace.' The face of the bill has a neatly-engraved border of scroll-work; and on the left of the brace where the names of the committee are signed, is a circle with a ship within it."—Lossing, 1851

Treasury Note

"Reverse of a Massachusetts Treasury note. This is a fac simile of the device on the back of one of…

"Represents Vesta seated on a throne, with the Palladium of Rome in her hand." — Anthon, 1891

Coin of Vesta

"Represents Vesta seated on a throne, with the Palladium of Rome in her hand." — Anthon, 1891

"Coin of Victoria." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Victoria

"Coin of Victoria." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of William and Mary." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of William and Mary

"Coin of William and Mary." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of William I." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of Willian I

"Coin of William I." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of William II." — Lardner, 1885

Coin of William II

"Coin of William II." — Lardner, 1885

"Coin of William IV." — Lardner, 1885

William IV

"Coin of William IV." — Lardner, 1885