Coronal section through the left ankle joint, astragalus, and calcaneum.

Section Through Ankle Joint

Coronal section through the left ankle joint, astragalus, and calcaneum.

The skeleton of the arm and leg. Labels: H, the humerus; Cd, its articular head which fits into the glenoid fossa of the scapula; U, the ulna; R, the radius; O, the olecranon; Fe, the femur; P, the patella; Fi, the fibula; T, the tibia.

Arm and Leg Skeleton

The skeleton of the arm and leg. Labels: H, the humerus; Cd, its articular head which fits into the…

A diamond and ruby encrusted brooch.

Brooch

A diamond and ruby encrusted brooch.

"Phalacrocorax bicristatus. Cormorant. The knee-joint of a Cormorants. F, femur; P, patella; T, tibia; Fb, fibula

The Knee-joint of a Cormorant

"Phalacrocorax bicristatus. Cormorant. The knee-joint of a Cormorants. F, femur; P, patella; T, tibia;…

"A. Pelvis and bones of the leg of the Leon or Diver; i, Innominate bone; f, Thighbone (femur); r, Tibia; r, Fibula, together forming the shank; m, Tarso-metatarsus; p Phalanges of the toes. B, Tail of the Golden Eagle; s, Ploughshare-shaped bone, carrying the great tail-feathers." — Winston's Encyclopedia, 1919

Diver Bones

"A. Pelvis and bones of the leg of the Leon or Diver; i, Innominate bone; f, Thighbone (femur); r, Tibia;…

"A brooch, consisting of a pin, and of a curved portion furnished with a hook. The curved portion was sometimes a circular ring or disc, the pin passing across its centre and sometimes an arc, the pin being as the chord, of the arc. The forms of brooches, which were commonly of gold or bronze, and more rarely of silver, were, however, as various in ancient as in modern times; for the fibula served in dress not merely as a fastening, but also as an ornament." — Smith, 1873.

Fibula

"A brooch, consisting of a pin, and of a curved portion furnished with a hook. The curved portion was…

The fibula (bone of leg). Labels: 1, head; 2, articular face; 3, insertion of external ligament; 4, shaft; 5, 5, external face; 6, interosseous ridge; 7, face for lower end of tibia; 8, malleolus externus; 9, tarsal surface.

Fibula

The fibula (bone of leg). Labels: 1, head; 2, articular face; 3, insertion of external ligament; 4,…

Right fibula from before.

Fibula from Before

Right fibula from before.

Right fibula from behind

Fibula from Behind

Right fibula from behind

Section five inches above the lower end of the fibula.

Cross Section Five Inches Above the Lower End of the Fibula

Section five inches above the lower end of the fibula.

Section four inches above the lower end of the fibula.

Cross Section Four Inches Above the Lower End of the Fibula

Section four inches above the lower end of the fibula.

Section through the head of the right fibula.

Cross Section Through Fibula

Section through the head of the right fibula.

Right fibula, inner aspect.

Inner Aspect of Fibula

Right fibula, inner aspect.

"The Fibula tied into a Knot after the Mineral Matter has been dissolved by Acid." — Blaisedell, 1904

Softened fibula

"The Fibula tied into a Knot after the Mineral Matter has been dissolved by Acid." — Blaisedell,…

A fracture of the fibula, with dislocation of the foot outward.

Fractured Fibula

A fracture of the fibula, with dislocation of the foot outward.

"F. Fibula; T, tibia, with a, its cnemial process, and P, large patella, of a grebe." Elliot Coues, 1884

Leg Bones of a Grebe

"F. Fibula; T, tibia, with a, its cnemial process, and P, large patella, of a grebe." Elliot Coues,…

Right knee joint from the lateral surface. The joint cavity and several bursae have been injected with a stiffening medium and then dissected out.

Knee Joint from Lateral Surface

Right knee joint from the lateral surface. The joint cavity and several bursae have been injected with…

Right knee joint showing interior ligaments.

Knee Joint Showing Interior Ligaments

Right knee joint showing interior ligaments.

Right knee joint. Sagittal section through the external condyle of the femur. Mesal half of section, from lateral side. The knee is slightly flexed; the joint surfaces have been pulled a little apart.

Sagittal Section Through Knee Joint

Right knee joint. Sagittal section through the external condyle of the femur. Mesal half of section,…

Bones of the knee also showing muscle. Labels: s, insertion of the sartorius; g, insertion of the gracilis.

Bones of the Knee

Bones of the knee also showing muscle. Labels: s, insertion of the sartorius; g, insertion of the gracilis.

An anterior view of the right knee-joint.

Knee-joint

An anterior view of the right knee-joint.

An posterior view of the right knee-joint.

Knee-joint

An posterior view of the right knee-joint.

The right knee-joint showing interior ligaments.

Knee-joint

The right knee-joint showing interior ligaments.

"Bones of the leg. a, femur; b, tibia; c, fibula; d, tarsal bones; e, metatarsal bones; f, phalanges; g, patella." —Martin, 1917

Leg Bones

"Bones of the leg. a, femur; b, tibia; c, fibula; d, tarsal bones; e, metatarsal bones; f, phalanges;…

Bones of the leg (tibia and fibula).

Leg Bones

Bones of the leg (tibia and fibula).

Section one inch above the external malleolus.

Cross Section of Leg One Inch Above External Malleolus

Section one inch above the external malleolus.

Section through the leg three inches below the right knee joint.

Cross Section Through Leg Three Inches Below Knee Joint

Section through the leg three inches below the right knee joint.

Section two and a half inches above right ankle joint.

Cross Section of Leg, Two and a Half Inches above Ankle

Section two and a half inches above right ankle joint.

Section through the leg two inches below the right knee joint.

Cross Section Through Leg Two Inches Below Knee Joint

Section through the leg two inches below the right knee joint.

The right tibia and fibula in their normal relation, rear view.

Bones of the Lower Leg

The right tibia and fibula in their normal relation, rear view.

Section through the external malleolus.

Cross Section Through Malleolus of Leg

Section through the external malleolus.

Section through lower third of lower leg.

Cross Section Through Lower Third of Lower Leg

Section through lower third of lower leg.

Section through middle of lower leg.

Cross Section Through Middle of Lower Leg

Section through middle of lower leg.

Section through middle third of lower leg.

Cross Section Through Middle Third of Lower Leg

Section through middle third of lower leg.

Section through upper third of lower leg.

Cross Section Through Upper Third of Lower Leg

Section through upper third of lower leg.

Ligaments of the right leg, from in front.

Ligaments of the Leg

Ligaments of the right leg, from in front.

"Skeleton and volar Membranes of the Noctule Bat. c, clavicle; h, humerus; r, radius; u, ulna; d1, first digit or pollex; d2, d3, d4, d5, other digits of the manus supporting um, the wing-membrane; m, m, metacarpal bones; ph1, first phalanx; ph2, second phalanx; ph3, third phalanx; am, antebrachial membrane; f, femur; t, tibia; fb, fibula (rudimentary); c, calcaneum or calcar supporting im, the interfemoral membrane; pcl, post-calcaneal lobe." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1903

Noctule Bat

"Skeleton and volar Membranes of the Noctule Bat. c, clavicle; h, humerus; r, radius; u, ulna; d1, first…

A section of the bones of the crus (shank of the leg) taken at about the middle of their length (schematized) (includes the tibia and fibula).

Shank Bones

A section of the bones of the crus (shank of the leg) taken at about the middle of their length (schematized)…

The anterior surface of the tibia and fibula of the right leg.

Tibia and Fibula

The anterior surface of the tibia and fibula of the right leg.

The posterior surface of the tibia and fibula of the right leg.

Tibia and Fibula

The posterior surface of the tibia and fibula of the right leg.

Articular surfaces of tibia and fibula which are opposed to the astragalus.

Tibia and Fibula

Articular surfaces of tibia and fibula which are opposed to the astragalus.

"The <em>leg</em> consists, like the forearm, of two bones. The larger, a strong, three-sided bone with a sharp edge in front, is called the <em>tibia</em>. It is commonly known as the shin bone. The smaller bone, bound at both ends to the tibia, as a pin is to a brooch, is called the <em>fibula</em>, meaning a buckle or clasp. It is a long, slender bone on the outside of the leg, and is lower end forms the outer ankle." — Blaisedell, 1904

Tibia and Fibula

"The leg consists, like the forearm, of two bones. The larger, a strong, three-sided bone with…

"Diagrams of the girdles and appendages in a typical Vertebrate. A, anterior; B, posterior. ac., acetabulum, articulation of the humerus with its girdle; c, coracoid; ca., carpals; c.e., centralia; d.c., distal carpals; d.t., distal tarsals; el., elbow joint; f, fibula; fe., femur; fi., fibulare; gc., glenoid cavity, articulation of arm with girdle; h, humerus; il., ilium; in., intermediale; is. ischium; kn., knee joint; m.c., metacarpals (1-5); m.t., metatarsals (1-5); p, pubis; ph., phalanges (1-5); pr.c., precoracoid; r, radius; ra., radiale; sc., scapula; t, tibia; ta., tarsals; ti., tibiale; u., ulna; ul., ulnare." -Galloway, 1915

Vertebrate Appendages

"Diagrams of the girdles and appendages in a typical Vertebrate. A, anterior; B, posterior. ac., acetabulum,…

"f., Femur; ti., tibia; fi., fibula; i., intermedium; t., tibiale (astragalus); f., fibulare (os calcis); c., centrale; 1-5, tarsalia bearing the corresponding digits with metatarsals (mt.) and phalanges (ph.)." -Thomson, 1916

Vertebrate Hind Limb

"f., Femur; ti., tibia; fi., fibula; i., intermedium; t., tibiale (astragalus); f., fibulare (os calcis);…