"Diagram of inclined carbon-flame arc lamp." —Croft 1917

Carbon Flame Arc Lamp

"Diagram of inclined carbon-flame arc lamp." —Croft 1917

"Metallic flame arc lamp." —Croft 1917

Metallic Flame Arc Lamp

"Metallic flame arc lamp." —Croft 1917

An instrument by which a current of air or gas is driven through the flame of a lamp, candle, or gas jet, and that flame directed upon a mineral substance, to fure or vitrify it, an instense head being created by the rapid supply of oxygen and the concentration of the flame upon a small area.

Blowpipe

An instrument by which a current of air or gas is driven through the flame of a lamp, candle, or gas…

"...gas lighted above an iron gauze (a, Fig. 11) does not catch fire below the gauze because the heat of the flame is conducted away by the iron." -Brownlee 1907

Bunsen Burner

"...gas lighted above an iron gauze (a, Fig. 11) does not catch fire below the gauze because the heat…

"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal kinds known respectively as "fishtail" and "batwing" burners. The fishtail or union burner has two orifices driller in its surface, which are inclined towards each other at the angle of 90 degrees, so that the issuing currents impinge and spread the flame in a broad sheet." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Burner

"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal…

"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal kinds known respectively as "fishtail" and "batwing" burners. The fishtail or union burner has two orifices driller in its surface, which are inclined towards each other at the angle of 90 degrees, so that the issuing currents impinge and spread the flame in a broad sheet." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Burner

"Flat-flame burners, or burners which spread their flame in a broad thin sheet, are of two principal…

"Bunsen's Burner, a form of gas burner especially adapted for heating, consisting of a tube, in which, by means of holes in the side, the gas becomes mixed with air before consumption, so that it gives a non-illuminating smokeless flame." -Vaughan, 1906

Bunsen Burner

"Bunsen's Burner, a form of gas burner especially adapted for heating, consisting of a tube, in which,…

A gas burner is a device to generate a flame to heat up products using a gaseous fuel such as acetylene, natural gas or propane. Some burners have an air inlet to mix the fuel gas with air to make a complete combustion.

Gas Burner

A gas burner is a device to generate a flame to heat up products using a gaseous fuel such as acetylene,…

"The tip or armature of a gas-burning lamp or bracket, through which the gas is caused to issue for consumption." -Whitney, 1911

Argand Gas Burner

"The tip or armature of a gas-burning lamp or bracket, through which the gas is caused to issue for…

"The tip or armature of a gas-burning lamp or bracket, through which the gas is caused to issue for consumption." -Whitney, 1911

Bat's Wing Gas Burner

"The tip or armature of a gas-burning lamp or bracket, through which the gas is caused to issue for…

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

Campfire, Black and White

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

Campfire, Color

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

Campfire, Outline

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

Campfire, Silhouette

This sign is used to indicate that campfires are allowed nearby.

A candle is a light source consisting of a solid block of wax and a wick. Pictured is a hand lighting the candle with a match.

Candle

A candle is a light source consisting of a solid block of wax and a wick. Pictured is a hand lighting…

"Perfect Form of Dioptric Holophote for an Oil Flame.—By combining the back prisms ga, hc just described with a semi-holophote abc subtending 180 degrees and a portion of the dioptric spherical mirror ijk, no light is lost on the burner, and all the rays are parallelized, so that this apparatus, being all of glass, is both geometrically and physically perfect." —The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Dioptric Holophote

"Perfect Form of Dioptric Holophote for an Oil Flame.—By combining the back prisms ga, hc just…

A stream of burning vapor or gas; a blaze.

Flame

A stream of burning vapor or gas; a blaze.

A flame being emitted from a Bunsen burner, lighting a match.

Blowpipe Flame

A flame being emitted from a Bunsen burner, lighting a match.

A flask being heated over an open flame, with a tube and jar attached.

Heated flask

A flask being heated over an open flame, with a tube and jar attached.

A girl with a book, staring at a lit candle.

Girl and candle

A girl with a book, staring at a lit candle.

A hand holding a candlestick.

Hand with candle

A hand holding a candlestick.

"Place a bar of iron and a similar one of copper end to end so as to be heated equally by the flame of a lamp. Fasten small balls by wax to the under surfaces of the bars at eqiual distances apart. More balls will be melted from the copper than from the iron." -Avery 1895

Difference of Heat Transference Between Copper and Iron

"Place a bar of iron and a similar one of copper end to end so as to be heated equally by the flame…

"A horizontal tubular, which is found to be extremely powerful as well as economical. It is a rectangular box 6 feet long, made of 2-inch iron pipes, fixed into hollow water spaces which form the ends; these pipes act as fire bars, and form the sides of the furnace. above the fire there are three series of horizontal pipes, each covered by a layer of tiles so placed as to convert the two intervening spaces into flues, along which the flames and smoke travel for 18 feet, the smoke escaping at the far end by an opening in the upper layer of tiles." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Ladds's Boiler

"A horizontal tubular, which is found to be extremely powerful as well as economical. It is a rectangular…

A tall, slender lamp.

Lamp

A tall, slender lamp.

"With a lamp chimney or other large glass tube, a perforated cork, two pieces of glass tubing 4 and 15 inches long respectively, a bit of rubber tubing, a small lamp or candle, and two coverless crayon boxes, arrange apparatus as shown." — Avery, 1895

Lamp chimney and candle

"With a lamp chimney or other large glass tube, a perforated cork, two pieces of glass tubing 4 and…

a is the burner tip for an oxy-hydrogen flame, and b is the cylinder of quicklime.

Lime-Light Burner

a is the burner tip for an oxy-hydrogen flame, and b is the cylinder of quicklime.

"The fire is made under the principal arch a; the flame and smoke return through the flue b, and then turn back over the top of the boiler to the outlet c, which can be placed at whatever point is in each case most convenient. The other parts referred to are d, flow pipe; e, return pipes, f, soot-door for cleaning flues, g, furnace door." — Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Saddle Boiler

"The fire is made under the principal arch a; the flame and smoke return through the flue b, and then…

A sconce is a light fixture attached to the wall to support a a candle, torch, or bulb.

Sconce

A sconce is a light fixture attached to the wall to support a a candle, torch, or bulb.

"Apparatus used that will show changes in the flame upon the glass sheet M, when sound is introduced into the tube at A." -Avery 1895

Flame Sonometer

"Apparatus used that will show changes in the flame upon the glass sheet M, when sound is introduced…