"The Captors' Medal."—Lossing, 1851

Captors' Medal

"The Captors' Medal."—Lossing, 1851

"Medal awarded to Lieutenant-colonel De Fleury. This is a representation of the medal, the size of the original. The device is a helmeted soldier, standing against the ruins of a fort. His right hand is extended, holding a sword upright; the staff of a stand of colors is grasped by his left; the colors are under his feet, and he is trampling upon them. The legend is, 'Virtutis et audacle monum et premium. D. D. Fleury equiti gallo primo muros resp. Americ. D. D.;' 'A memorial and reward of valor and daring. The American Republic has bestowed (this medal) on Colonel D. de Fleury, a native of France, the first over the walls (of the enemy).'"—Lossing, 1851

De Fleury Medal Front

"Medal awarded to Lieutenant-colonel De Fleury. This is a representation of the medal, the size of the…

Medal struck in honor of General Gates and his army. On the reverse side, Burgoyne is represented in the attitude of delivering up his sword; and in the background, on either side of them, are seen the two armies of England and America, the former laying down their arms. At the top is the latin enscription, <em>Salus Regionum Septentrional</em>; literal English, <em>Safety of the northern region or department</em>. Below is the inscription, <em>Hoste ad Saratogum in Dedition, Accepto Die XVII. Oct., MDCCLXXVII</em>; English, <em>Enemy at Saratoga surrendered October 17th, 1777.</em>

Gates Medal

Medal struck in honor of General Gates and his army. On the reverse side, Burgoyne is represented in…

Medal struck in honor of General Gates and his army. On this side is a bust of General Gates, with the Latin inscription, <em>Horatio Gates Duci Strenuo Comitia Amercana</em>; literal English, <em>Horatio Gates, brave leader of the American forces.</em>

Gates Medal

Medal struck in honor of General Gates and his army. On this side is a bust of General Gates, with the…

The Gates Medal shown above the defense of Charleston.

Gates Medal

The Gates Medal shown above the defense of Charleston.

"Gold medal awarded to Greene. This is a representation of the back side of the medal, the full size of the original. On this side is a figure of Victory, lighting upon the Earth, and stepping upon a broken shield. Under her feet are broken weapons, colors, and a shield. The legend is, Salus Regionum Australium; 'The Safety of the Southern Department.' Exergue- Hostibus Ad Eutaw Debellatis VIII Sept. MDCCLXXXI; 'The Foe conquered at Eutaw, 8th of September, 1781.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Greene Medal Back

"Gold medal awarded to Greene. This is a representation of the back side of the medal, the full size…

"Gold medal awarded to Greene. This is a representation of the front side of the medal, the full size of the original. On this side is a profile of Greene, with the words, Nathanieli Greene Egregio Duci Comitia Americana; 'The American Congress to Nathaniel Greene, the distinguished leader.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Greene Medal Front

"Gold medal awarded to Greene. This is a representation of the front side of the medal, the full size…

"Silver medal awarded to Colonel Howard. The following are the device and inscriptions upon the back: A laurel wreath inclosing the inscription, Quod In Nutantem Hostium Aciem Subito Irruens, Pr&aelig;clarum Bellic&aelig; Virtutis Speciment Dedit In Pugna, Ad Cowpens, 17 January, 1781- 'Because, rushing suddenly on the wavering line of the foe, he gave a brilliant specimen of martial courage at the battle of the Cowpens, January 17, 1781.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Howard Medal Back

"Silver medal awarded to Colonel Howard. The following are the device and inscriptions upon the back:…

"Silver medal awarded to Colonel Howard. The following are the device and inscriptions upon the front: An officer mounted, with uplifted sword, pursuing an officer on foot bearing a stand of colors. Victory is seen descending in front, over the former, holding a wreath in her right hand over his head. In her left hand is a palm branch. Legend: John Eager Howard, Legionis Peditum Pr&aelig;fecto Comitia Americana- 'The American Congress to John Eager Howard, commander of a regiment of infantry.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Howard Medal Front

"Silver medal awarded to Colonel Howard. The following are the device and inscriptions upon the front:…

"John Paul Jones' medal, front side."&mdash;E. Benjamin Andrews, 1895

Jones' Medal

"John Paul Jones' medal, front side."—E. Benjamin Andrews, 1895

"John Paul Jones' medal, back side."&mdash;E. Benjamin Andrews, 1895

Jones' Medal

"John Paul Jones' medal, back side."—E. Benjamin Andrews, 1895

"Medal awarded to Lee. On the twenty second of September, Congress honored Lee with a vote of thanks, and ordered a gold medal to be struck and presented to him. On the back side, Non Obstantib. Flumin. Ibus Vallis. Astutia Virtute Bellica Parva Manu Hostes Vicit Victosq. Armis Humanitate Devnxit In Mem Pugn. Ad Paulus Hook Die XIX Aug., 1779- 'Notwithstanding rivers and intrenchments, he with a small band conquered the foe by warlike skill and prowess, and firmly bound by his humanity those who had been conquered by his arms. In memory of the conflict at Paulus's Hook, nineteenth of August, 1779.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Lee Medal Back

"Medal awarded to Lee. On the twenty second of September, Congress honored Lee with a vote of thanks,…

"Medal awarded to Lee. On the twenty second of September, Congress honored Lee with a vote of thanks, and ordered a gold medal to be struck and presented to him. On the front side is a bust of the hero, with the words Henrico Lee, Legionis Equit. Pr&aelig;fecto. Comitia Americana- 'The American Congress to Henry Lee, colonel of cavalry.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Lee Medal Front

"Medal awarded to Lee. On the twenty second of September, Congress honored Lee with a vote of thanks,…

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to John Paul Jones, America's first well-known naval fighter in the American Revolutionary War.

Gold Medal Awarded to John Paul Jones (Back)

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to John Paul Jones, America's first well-known naval fighter in…

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to John Paul Jones, America's first well-known naval fighter in the American Revolutionary War.

Medal Awarded to John Paul Jones (Front)

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to John Paul Jones, America's first well-known naval fighter in…

The medal given to General Morgan by Congress.

Colonial Medal

The medal given to General Morgan by Congress.

"Gold medal awarded to Morgan. The following are the devices and inscriptions upon the back of the medal: An officer mounted, at the head of his troops, charging a flying enemy. A battle in the background. In front, a personal combat between a dragon unhorsed and a foot soldier. Legend: Victoria Libertatis Vindex- 'Victory, the maintenance of Freedom.' Exergue: Fugatis, Captis Aut C&aelig;sis Ad Cowpens Hostibus, 17th January, 1781- 'The foe put to flight, taken, or slain, at the Cowpens, January 17, 1781.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Morgan Medal Back

"Gold medal awarded to Morgan. The following are the devices and inscriptions upon the back of the medal:…

"Gold medal awarded to Morgan. The following are the devices and inscriptions upon the front of the medal: An Indian queen with a quiver on her back, in the act of crowning an officer with a laurel wreath; his band resting upon his sword. A cannon lying upon the ground; various military weapons and implements in the back-ground. Legend: Daniel Morgan Duci Exercitus Comitia Americana- 'The American Congress to General Daniel Morgan.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Morgan Medal Front

"Gold medal awarded to Morgan. The following are the devices and inscriptions upon the front of the…

"Order of the Cincinnati. This was drawn from an original in the possession of Edward Phalon, Esq., of New York. The engraving is the exact size of the original. The leaves of the sprigs of laurel are of gold, and green enamel; the head and tail of the eagle gold, and white enamel; and the sky in the center device blue enamel. The device and motto are the same as upon the medallion on the right of the certificate."&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Order of the Cincinnati

"Order of the Cincinnati. This was drawn from an original in the possession of Edward Phalon, Esq.,…

The Paul Jones Medal above a naval battle.

Paul Jones Medal

The Paul Jones Medal above a naval battle.

"Penn's Seal and Signature. This is a representation of the seal and signature of William Penn attached to the Pennsylvania charter. The names of the subscribing witnesses to the instrument are James Claypoole, Francis Plumsted, Thomas Barker, Philip Ford, Edward Pritchard, Andrew Soule, Christopher Taylor, Charles Lloyd, William Gibson, U. More, George Rudyard, Harbt. Springett."&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Penn's seal and signature

"Penn's Seal and Signature. This is a representation of the seal and signature of William Penn attached…

The Congressional Gold Medal presented to Edward Preble, and officer in the U.S. Navy.

Medal Presented to Edward Preble

The Congressional Gold Medal presented to Edward Preble, and officer in the U.S. Navy.

The Congressional Gold Medal presented to Edward Preble, and officer in the U.S. Navy.

Medal Presented to Edward Preble (Front)

The Congressional Gold Medal presented to Edward Preble, and officer in the U.S. Navy.

"Pulaski's seal."&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Pulaski's Seal

"Pulaski's seal."—Lossing, 1851

In 1776 the Board of War and Ordnance was created for issuing supplies to troops in the field, and the first Ordnance magazine was established at Carlisle, Pennsylvania the following year. An armory and arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts (1777-1968) was also established along with later armories such as Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (1799-1861), and Watertown, Massachusetts (1816-1968).

Seal of the Board of War and Ordnance

In 1776 the Board of War and Ordnance was created for issuing supplies to troops in the field, and the…

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to Isaac Shelby.

Medal Presented to Isaac Shelby (Back)

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to Isaac Shelby.

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to Isaac Shelby.

Medal Presented to Isaac Shelby (Front)

The Congressional Gold Medal awarded to Isaac Shelby.

A medal awarded to soldiers, in honor of Carolus Stewart.

Stewart Medal

A medal awarded to soldiers, in honor of Carolus Stewart.

"Medal awarded to Major Stewart. This represents the medal the size of the original. On the back side is a fortress on an eminence. In the foreground an officer is cheering on his men, who are following him over abatis with charged bayonets, the enemy flying. Troops in single file are ascending to the fort on one side; others are advancing from the shore; ships are in sight. The inscription is, 'Stony Point Oppugnatum XV. Jul. MDCCLXXIX;' 'Stony Point attacked 15th of July, 1779.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Stewart Medal Back

"Medal awarded to Major Stewart. This represents the medal the size of the original. On the back side…

"Medal awarded to Major Stewart. This represents the medal the size of the original. The device is America personified by an Indian queen, who is presenting a palm branch to Major Stewart. A quiver is at her back; her left hand is resting on the American shield, and at her feet is an alligator crouchant. The legend is, 'Joanni Stewart Cohortis Prefecto, Comitia Americana,' 'The American Congress to Major John Stewart.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Stewart Medal Front

"Medal awarded to Major Stewart. This represents the medal the size of the original. The device is America…

The seal of the War Office of the United States of America. The term "War Office" used during the Revolution, and for many years afterward, was associated with the Headquarters of the Army.

United States of America War Office

The seal of the War Office of the United States of America. The term "War Office" used during the Revolution,…

The Washington Medal above Mount Vernon.

Washington Medal

The Washington Medal above Mount Vernon.

"Silver medal awarded to Washington. The following are the device and inscriptions on the back: Quod Parva Militum Manu Strenue Prospectus Hostes. Virtutis Ingenitæ Specionen Dedid In Pregna Ad Cowpens, 17th January, 1781- 'Because, having vigorously pursued the foe with a small band of soldiers, he gave a brilliant specimen of innate valor in the battle at the Cowpens, seventeenth January, 1781.' This inscription is within a laurel wreath."—Lossing, 1851

Washington Medal Back

"Silver medal awarded to Washington. The following are the device and inscriptions on the back: Quod…

"Silver medal awarded to Washington. The following are the device and inscriptions on the front: An officer mounted at the head of a body of cavalry, charging flying troops; Victory is flying over the heads of the Americans, holding a laurel crown in her right hand and a palm branch in her left. Legend: Gulielmo. Washington Legionis Equit. Præfecto Comitia Americana- The American Congress to William Washington commander of a regiment of cavalry."—Lossing, 1851

Washington Medal Front

"Silver medal awarded to Washington. The following are the device and inscriptions on the front: An…

"Gold medal awarded by Congress to General Wayne. This is a representation of the medal, the size of the original. On this side is a fort on the top of a hill; the British flag flying; troops in single file advancing up the hill, and a large number lying at the bottom. Artillery are seen in the foreground, and six vessels in the river. The inscription is, 'Stony Point expugnatum, XV. Jul. MDCCLXXIX.;' 'Stony Point captured, July 15, 1779.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Wayne Medal Back

"Gold medal awarded by Congress to General Wayne. This is a representation of the medal, the size of…

"Gold medal awarded by Congress to General Wayne. This is a representation of the medal, the size of the original. On this side is a device repesenting an Indian queen crowned, a quiver on her back, and wearing a short apron of feathers. A mantle hangs from her waist behind, the upper end of which appears as if passed through the girdle of her apron, and hangs gracefully by her side. With her right hand she is presenting a wreath to General Wayne; in her left she is holding up a mural crown toward his head. At her feet, on the left, an alligator is lying. The American shield is resting against the animal. Over the figure is the legend 'Antonio Wayne duci exercitas,' and beneath, 'Comitia Americana,' 'The American Congress to General Anthony Wayne.'"&mdash;Lossing, 1851

Wayne Medal Front

"Gold medal awarded by Congress to General Wayne. This is a representation of the medal, the size of…

Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745&ndash;December 15, 1796) was a United States Army general and statesman. Wayne adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War, where his military exploits and fiery personality quickly earned him a promotion to the rank of brigadier general and the sobriquet of "Mad Anthony".

General Anthony Wayne's Gold Medal (Back)

Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745–December 15, 1796) was a United States Army general and statesman.…