"A tablet of dark brown clay, much injured, dating from the 8th or 7th century B.C. The two large concentric circles indicate the ocean, or, as it is called in the cuneiform writing between the circles, the 'Briny Flood.' Beyond the ocean are seven successive projections of land, represented by triangles. Perhaps they refer to the countries existing beyond the Black Sea and the Red Sea. The two parallel lines within the inner circle represent the Euphrates. The little rings stand for the Babylonian cities in this region."—Webster, 1913

A Babylonian Map of the World

"A tablet of dark brown clay, much injured, dating from the 8th or 7th century B.C. The two large concentric…

Italian navigator and cartographer.

Sebastian Cabot

Italian navigator and cartographer.

The contours of a cone are circles of different sizes, one within another, and the same distance apart, because the slope is at all points the same." — Moss, 1914

Contours of a cone

The contours of a cone are circles of different sizes, one within another, and the same distance apart,…

A poster with facts and images of England to the Norman Conquest.

England Poster

A poster with facts and images of England to the Norman Conquest.

Various Geography items, including a globe and many maps.

Geography

Various Geography items, including a globe and many maps.

An illustration with multiple instruments used for navigation. These items include a globe, compass, map and books.

Globe

An illustration with multiple instruments used for navigation. These items include a globe, compass,…

"By use of an instrument called a map measurer, set the hand on the face to read zero, roll the small wheel over the distance; now roll the wheel in an opposite direction along the graphical scale, noting the number of yards passed over. A map measurer is valuable for use in solving map problems in patrolling, advance guard, outpost, etc." — Moss, 1914

Map measurer

"By use of an instrument called a map measurer, set the hand on the face to read zero, roll the small…

"The nearer the contours on a map are to one another, the steeper is the slope, and the farther the contours on a map are from one another, the gentler is the slope. A wide space between contours then, resembles level ground." — Moss, 1914

Elevation map

"The nearer the contours on a map are to one another, the steeper is the slope, and the farther the…

Map of the continental United States, illustrating the rainfall in different areas.

Map of rainfall in the United States

Map of the continental United States, illustrating the rainfall in different areas.

An illustration of a topographic map using conventional symbols commonly used in drafting and map drawing.

Topographic Map

An illustration of a topographic map using conventional symbols commonly used in drafting and map drawing.

An architect's landscape map of a Texas Park illustrating a combination of conventional topographic map symbols.

Topographic Architect Map

An architect's landscape map of a Texas Park illustrating a combination of conventional topographic…

A poster with facts and images of France during the Middle Ages.

Middle Ages

A poster with facts and images of France during the Middle Ages.

A profile is cross sectional view, or side view, showing elevation at a given distance. The illustration shows both profiles with and without vertical exaggeration. A profile with vertical exaggeration is useful to distinguish the elevation of the land.

Topographic Profiles

A profile is cross sectional view, or side view, showing elevation at a given distance. The illustration…

William Smith (March 23, 1769 – August 28, 1839) was an English geologist, credited with creating the first nationwide geological map.

William Smith

William Smith (March 23, 1769 – August 28, 1839) was an English geologist, credited with creating…

A woman drawing a picture of a map.

Woman Drawing

A woman drawing a picture of a map.