"Carries the hand to the small of the stock." — Moss, 1914

Load

"Carries the hand to the small of the stock." — Moss, 1914

"Each rear rank moves to the right foot, takes a similar position opposite the interval to the right of his front rank man, muzzle of the piece extending beyond the front rank and loads."

Load

"Each rear rank moves to the right foot, takes a similar position opposite the interval to the right…

A man standing in an armored lookout.

An Armored Lookout

A man standing in an armored lookout.

"Executed in the same manner as the thrust, except that the left foot is carried forward about twice its length. The left heel must always be in rear of the left knee. Guard is resumed immediately without command. Guard may also be resumed by advancing the right foot if, for any reason, it is desired to gain the ground held in lunging. In the latter case, the preparatory command <em>forward</em> will be given." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Lunge

"Executed in the same manner as the thrust, except that the left foot is carried forward about twice…

"If lying down, the left hand steadies and supports the piece at the balance, the toe of the butt resting on the ground, the muzzle off the ground." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Lying down

"If lying down, the left hand steadies and supports the piece at the balance, the toe of the butt resting…

Sir Duncan MacDougall was a Scottish military officer born in 1789.

Sir Duncan MacDougall

Sir Duncan MacDougall was a Scottish military officer born in 1789.

An illustration of a man in a military uniform standing at arm with a rifle.

Military Man at Arm

An illustration of a man in a military uniform standing at arm with a rifle.

An illustration of an army man standing at rest with a rifle.

Army Man at Rest with Rifle

An illustration of an army man standing at rest with a rifle.

An illustration of an adult male in Army dress uniform.

Man in Army Dress Uniform

An illustration of an adult male in Army dress uniform.

An illustration of a man looking at a formation of men.

Man Looking at Formation of Men

An illustration of a man looking at a formation of men.

An illustration of a man riding a mule.

Man on Mule

An illustration of a man riding a mule.

An adult male riding away from soldiers on a horse.

Man Riding a Horse

An adult male riding away from soldiers on a horse.

An illustration of a military man walking while holding a briefcase.

Military Man Walking with Briefcase

An illustration of a military man walking while holding a briefcase.

An illustration of a man standing in front of the Army insignia.

Military Man with Army Insignia

An illustration of a man standing in front of the Army insignia.

An illustration of a man wearing a hat.

Man with Hat

An illustration of a man wearing a hat.

A heavily armored man with a sword, shield and spear.

Man with Spear

A heavily armored man with a sword, shield and spear.

A German man in a military uniform.

German Man

A German man in a military uniform.

"By use of an instrument called a map measurer, set the hand on the face to read zero, roll the small wheel over the distance; now roll the wheel in an opposite direction along the graphical scale, noting the number of yards passed over. A map measurer is valuable for use in solving map problems in patrolling, advance guard, outpost, etc." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Map measurer

"By use of an instrument called a map measurer, set the hand on the face to read zero, roll the small…

An illustration of military personnel marching straight with the right side of the image illustrating direction in which men are marching.

Military Personnel Marching to the Right

An illustration of military personnel marching straight with the right side of the image illustrating…

Marcus Antonius, known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and General. He was an important supporter and the best friend of Gaius Julius Caesar as a military commander and administrator, being Caesar's second cousin, once removed, by his mother Julia Antonia. After Caesar's assassination, Antony formed an official political alliance with Octavian (Augustus) and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, known to historians today as the Second Triumvirate.

Bust of Mark Antony

Marcus Antonius, known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and General. He was an important…

An illustration of a rifle marksman medal.

Rifle Marksman Medal

An illustration of a rifle marksman medal.

Lachlan McIntosh (March 17, 1725 &ndash; February 20, 1806) was an American military and political leader during the American Revolution and the early United States.

Lachlan McIntosh

Lachlan McIntosh (March 17, 1725 – February 20, 1806) was an American military and political leader…

An illustration of a large group of men in a tight formation.

Men in Tight Fomation

An illustration of a large group of men in a tight formation.

"The military camail, again, the representative of the mail-coif of earlier times, found a parallel in the hood when resting on the shoulders, and in the cape which so frequently was associated with the peaceful attire of this century." &mdash; Encyclopedia Britannica, 1893

Military Costume

"The military camail, again, the representative of the mail-coif of earlier times, found a parallel…

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

Military costume, from the time of Henry VIII

The skyline of the battle field with military important features labeled.

Military Landscape

The skyline of the battle field with military important features labeled.

An illustration of military meals compared to that of civilian meals.

Military Meals Compared to Civilian

An illustration of military meals compared to that of civilian meals.

An illustration of a group of identical military officers smoking a pipe.

Military Officers

An illustration of a group of identical military officers smoking a pipe.

The original meaning of military tattoo is a military drum performance, but nowadays it sometimes means army displays more generally.

Military Tattoo

The original meaning of military tattoo is a military drum performance, but nowadays it sometimes means…

An illustration of a mortar and mount.

Mortar & Mount

An illustration of a mortar and mount.

This is an illustration of one of the stories of Baron Munchausen by artist William Strang. He was a German Baron that told outrageous tales of his adventures while serving in the military. This drawing shows one of adventures being carried by a seagull.

Baron Munchausen

This is an illustration of one of the stories of Baron Munchausen by artist William Strang. He was a…

This is an illustration of one of the stories of Baron Munchausen by artist William Strang. He was a German Baron that told outrageous tales of his adventures while serving in the military.

Baron Munchausen

This is an illustration of one of the stories of Baron Munchausen by artist William Strang. He was a…

Command given to order troops to select a new target.

New Target

Command given to order troops to select a new target.

An illustration of military personnel measuring normal intervals.

Normal Military Interval Measurement

An illustration of military personnel measuring normal intervals.

"Palisades should be planted to incline slightly to the front. As little earth should be disturbed in digging as possible, and one side of the trench should be kept in the desired plane fo the palisade." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Palisade

"Palisades should be planted to incline slightly to the front. As little earth should be disturbed in…

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; clasp the hands, without constriant, in front of the center of the body, fingers joined, left hand uppermost, left thumb clasped by the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, preserve silence and steadiness of position." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Parade rest

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; clasp the hands, without…

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; carry the muzzle in front of the center of the body, barrel to the left; grasp the piece with the left hand just below the stacking swivel, and with the right hand below and against the left." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Parade rest

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; carry the muzzle in front…

A parrot gun.

Parrot Gun

A parrot gun.

"Raise the rifle with both hands high enough to clear the line of vision, barrel downward, point of the bayonet to the left front. When necessary to raise the rifle well above the head, it may be supported between the thumb and forefinger of the left hand. This position will be necessary against attacks from higher elevation, such as men mounted or on top of parapets." &mdash; Moss, 1914

High parry

"Raise the rifle with both hands high enough to clear the line of vision, barrel downward, point of…

"Carry the point of the bayonet down until it is at the height of the knee, moving the point of the bayonet sufficiently to the right (left) to keep the opponent's attacks clear of the point threatened. These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Low parry

"Carry the point of the bayonet down until it is at the height of the knee, moving the point of the…

"These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Low parry

"These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." —…

"To construct a sighting rest for the pistol take a piece of wood about ten inches long, one and a quarter inches wide, and nine sixteenths of a inch thick. Shape one end so that it will fit snugly in the middle of the pistol when the magazine has been removed. Screw or nail this stick to the top of a post or other object at such an angle that the pistol when placed on top of the stick will be approximately horizontal. A suitable sighting rest for the revolver may be easily improvised." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Pistol sighting rest

"To construct a sighting rest for the pistol take a piece of wood about ten inches long, one and a quarter…

"With the right hand carry the piece in front of the center of the body, barrel to the rear and vertical, grasp it with the left hand at the balance, forearm horizontal and resting against the body. Grasp the small of the stock with the right hand." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Present arms

"With the right hand carry the piece in front of the center of the body, barrel to the rear and vertical,…

A man laying prone, preparing to fire his rifle.

Firing from the Prone Position

A man laying prone, preparing to fire his rifle.

The signal to march at the faster pace of 'quick time.' The Royal Navy marches at a cadence of 116 paces to the minute in quick time.

Quick Time

The signal to march at the faster pace of 'quick time.' The Royal Navy marches at a cadence of 116 paces…

The distance to a target, or to the subject of discussion. Reach of a detector or weapon.

Range

The distance to a target, or to the subject of discussion. Reach of a detector or weapon.

"To announce range, extend the arm towar the leaders or men for whom the signal is intended, fist closed; by keeping the fist closed battle sight is indicated." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Range or change elevation

"To announce range, extend the arm towar the leaders or men for whom the signal is intended, fist closed;…

An illustration of the military men in formation of rank.

Military Men in Formation of Rank

An illustration of the military men in formation of rank.

"At the command <em>ready</em> turn the safety lock to the 'ready'." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Ready

"At the command ready turn the safety lock to the 'ready'." — Moss, 1914

Command given to order troops to prepare for battle.

Ready

Command given to order troops to prepare for battle.

"Carry the left hand smartly to the small of the stock, forearm horizontal, palm of hand down, thumb and fingers extended and joined, forefinger touching end of cocking piece, look toward the person saluted." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Rifle salute

"Carry the left hand smartly to the small of the stock, forearm horizontal, palm of hand down, thumb…

"Carry the left hand smartly to the right side, palm of the hand down, thumb and fingers extended and joined, forefinger against piece near the muzzle; look toward the person saluted." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Rifle salute

"Carry the left hand smartly to the right side, palm of the hand down, thumb and fingers extended and…

The M1 Garand (officially the United States Rifle, Caliber .30, M1) was the first semi-automatic rifle to be generally issued to the infantry of any nation. In 1936, it officially replaced the bolt-action M1903 Springfield as the standard service rifle of the United States Armed Forces and was subsequently replaced by the selective-fire M14 in 1957. However, the M1 continued to be used in large numbers until 1963 and to a lesser degree until 1966.

Browning Automatic Rifle

The M1 Garand (officially the United States Rifle, Caliber .30, M1) was the first semi-automatic rifle…

Diagram of a rifle.

Diagram of a rifle

Diagram of a rifle.

"As additional instruction, the men may be permitted to wield the rifle left handed, that is on the left side of the body, left hand at the small of the stock. Many men will be able to use this method to advantage. It is also of value in case the left hand is wounded." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Left-handed rifle

"As additional instruction, the men may be permitted to wield the rifle left handed, that is on the…

The M1 Garand (officially the United States Rifle, Caliber .30, M1) was the first semi-automatic rifle to be generally issued to the infantry of any nation. In 1936, it officially replaced the bolt-action M1903 Springfield as the standard service rifle of the United States Armed Forces and was subsequently replaced by the selective-fire M14 in 1957. However, the M1 continued to be used in large numbers until 1963 and to a lesser degree until 1966.

M1 Garand Rifle

The M1 Garand (officially the United States Rifle, Caliber .30, M1) was the first semi-automatic rifle…

"U.S. Rifle, CAL .30 M1903 (Springfield)." -War, 1944 The Springfield M1903, formally the United States Rifle, Caliber .30, Model 1903, is an American magazine-fed, bolt-action rifle used primarily during the first half of the 20th century. It was officially adopted as a United States military service rifle on June 19 1903, and saw service in World War I. It was officially replaced as the standard infantry rifle by the faster-firing, semi-automatic M1 Garand, starting in 1936.

Springfield M1903 Rifle

"U.S. Rifle, CAL .30 M1903 (Springfield)." -War, 1944 The Springfield M1903, formally the United States…