"In the center of the Place de l'Étoile, from which twelve broad avenues radiate in all directions. Commenced by Napoleon in 1805, but not completed until the reign of Louis Philippe. It is the largest triumphal arch in the world, being 162 feet high and 147 feet wide. The monument is adorned with groups of sculpture representing the military triumphs of the revolutionary and Napoleonic armies."—Webster, 1920

Arc de Triomphe

"In the center of the Place de l'√Čtoile, from which twelve broad avenues radiate in all directions.…

A marshal and Vice-Constable of France. He also served as chief of staff under Napoleon. He was born February 20, 1753 and died on June 1, 1815.

General Alexander Berthier

A marshal and Vice-Constable of France. He also served as chief of staff under Napoleon. He was born…

"The celebrated warrior and Emperor of the French, Napoleon Bonaparte, was born at Ajaccio, in the island of Corsica." —The Popular Cyclopedia, 1888

Napoleon Bonaparte

"The celebrated warrior and Emperor of the French, Napoleon Bonaparte, was born at Ajaccio, in the island…

The Emperor of France from 1804 to 1814.

Napoleon Bonaparte

The Emperor of France from 1804 to 1814.

A cannon-sot sounded, and the wall fell.

Downed Wall

A cannon-sot sounded, and the wall fell.

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the Persians as a standard in the battle of Cunaxa, B. C. 401. The Romans used eagles of silver, or more rarely of gold, carried in the same way as standards. The Napoleon dynasty of France also adopted the eagle as their symbol. A double-headed eagle is the emblem of Russia, Austria, and Prussia."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

French Eagle

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the…

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the Persians as a standard in the battle of Cunaxa, B. C. 401. The Romans used eagles of silver, or more rarely of gold, carried in the same way as standards. The Napoleon dynasty of France also adopted the eagle as their symbol. A double-headed eagle is the emblem of Russia, Austria, and Prussia."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

German Eagle

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the…

Drawing of Napoleon of France as Emperor.

Napoleon as Emperor

Drawing of Napoleon of France as Emperor.

The wife of Napoleon III of France. She was born on May 5, 1826 and died on July 11, 1920.

Eugenie

The wife of Napoleon III of France. She was born on May 5, 1826 and died on July 11, 1920.

"The Seat of War." Napoleon III trying to seat the Prince Imperial.

Prince Imperial Being Seated by Napoleon

"The Seat of War." Napoleon III trying to seat the Prince Imperial.

The first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. She later became the Empress of France. She was born on June 23, 1763 and died on May 29, 1814.

Empress Josephine

The first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. She later became the Empress of France. She was born on June 23,…

Farewell of Marshal Lannes to Napoleon.

Lannes

Farewell of Marshal Lannes to Napoleon.

"Lean upon me." said the emperor, "I have strength enough for both."

Lean

"Lean upon me." said the emperor, "I have strength enough for both."

"Instituted by Napoleon in 1802; given to both soldiers and civilians for distinguished services to the state. In the present order of the French Republic the symbolical head of the republic appears in the center, and a laurel wreath replaces the imperial crown."—Webster, 1920

Cross of the Legion of Honor

"Instituted by Napoleon in 1802; given to both soldiers and civilians for distinguished services to…

The second wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. Born December 12, 1791 and died on December 17, 1847.

Maria Louisa

The second wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. Born December 12, 1791 and died on December 17, 1847.

Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling, a French soldier in the armies of Napoleon and a Marshal of France.

Massena

Duke of Rivoli, Prince of Essling, a French soldier in the armies of Napoleon and a Marshal of France.

A French general who served under Napoleon. He was born on February 14, 1763 and died on September 2, 1813.

Jean Victor Moreau

A French general who served under Napoleon. He was born on February 14, 1763 and died on September 2,…

"France under Napoleon. The consulate was the form of government established after the overthrow of the Directory was peculiar. Republican forms were retained, but all the power was in the lands of the first Consul, and the man chosen to fill this office was Napoleon. He had two colleagues, each of whom was called Consul and enjoyed an appearance of authority, but from the first Napoleon as First Consul exercised all the powers of the state. He alone could promulgate the laws, and although there were a Tribunate, a Legislative Body, and a Senate, the men chosen as members of these bodies were Napoleon's friends. This constitution was submitted to the people and approved by a large majority."—Colby, 1899

Napoleon

"France under Napoleon. The consulate was the form of government established after the overthrow of…

Napoleon instituting the house of the legion of honour at Ecouen.

Napoleon

Napoleon instituting the house of the legion of honour at Ecouen.

Napoleon as First Consul.

Napoleon

Napoleon as First Consul.

Napoleon and the Pope.

Napoleon

Napoleon and the Pope.

Napoleon and the young Cossack.

Napoleon

Napoleon and the young Cossack.

A general of the French Revoltion, and the ruler of France as First Consul of the French Republic from Nov. 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French and King of Italy under the name Napoleon I from May 18, 1804 to April 6, 1814, and again briefly from March 20 to June 22, 1815

Napoleon

A general of the French Revoltion, and the ruler of France as First Consul of the French Republic from…

Napoleon III

Napoleon III

Napoleon III

Napoleon III and Otto von Bismarck during the Franco-Prussian War. Louis Napoleon as the friend of Death.

Napoleon III and Otto von Bismarck

Napoleon III and Otto von Bismarck during the Franco-Prussian War. Louis Napoleon as the friend of Death.

"Not made on the spot but probably presenting approximately the king of equipage in which Napoleon traveled. He was accompanied by five other persons only."—Hazen, 1917

Napoleon Returning to France

"Not made on the spot but probably presenting approximately the king of equipage in which Napoleon traveled.…

The birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Napoleon's Birthplace (Ajaccio)

The birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte.

"In 1840 Napoleon's body was removed from St. Helena, taken with great pomp to Paris, and deposited in a sarcophagus of red Finland granite under the gilded dome of the Hôtel des Invalides. Twelve colossal statues, representing the chief victories of Napoleon, surround the tomb, and between the figures are battleflags captured at Austerlitz. Two of the emperor's brothers are buried in adjoining chapels."—Webster, 1920

The Tomb of Napoleon

"In 1840 Napoleon's body was removed from St. Helena, taken with great pomp to Paris, and deposited…

"A medal prepared by Napoleon to be issued at London in honor of his expected triumph. It represents Hercules overthrowing a merman and bears the legend Frappée à Londres - 'Struck in London' - 1804."—Webster, 1920

A Napoleonic Medal

"A medal prepared by Napoleon to be issued at London in honor of his expected triumph. It represents…

"In the Nile valley there had been found a few ancient inscriptions, carved upon stone in unknown characters, but no one could read them. The, about 1800 A.D., some soldiers of Napoleon in Egypt, while laying foundations for a fort, found a slab of black rock bearing three inscriptions. One of the inscriptions was in Greek, one was in the ancient hieroglyphics of the pyramids, and the third was in a later Egyptian writing, which had likewise been been forgotten." - West, 1904

Portion of Rosetta Stone

"In the Nile valley there had been found a few ancient inscriptions, carved upon stone in unknown characters,…

"Part of the Rosetta Stone inscription, on a larger scale..." - West, 1904

Part of Rosetta Stone Inscription

"Part of the Rosetta Stone inscription, on a larger scale..." - West, 1904

"These celebrated bronze horses were among the trophies which the Venetians received as their share of the plunder when Constantinople was sacked by the crusaders. They were placed over the portico of St. Mark's in Venice. They were carried off to Paris by Napoleon during his ascendancy, but upon his downfall were restored to the Venetians."—Myers, 1905

The Horses of St. Mark's

"These celebrated bronze horses were among the trophies which the Venetians received as their share…

A Prussian statesman who was instrumental in paving the way for the unification of Germany. He was forced to resign after if became known that he had written a letter in which he criticized Napoleon.

Baron vom Stein

A Prussian statesman who was instrumental in paving the way for the unification of Germany. He was forced…

"Nelson's flagship at the battle of Trafalgar."—Webster, 1920

The Victory

"Nelson's flagship at the battle of Trafalgar."—Webster, 1920