The St. Peter's Basilica is located within the Vatican city in Rome, Italy. This drawing shows the architecture of the front of the church. It was built in 1626 in a Renaissance and Baroque style. The church was named after one of Jesus's twelve disciples, Simon known as Peter.

St. Peter's Basilica

The St. Peter's Basilica is located within the Vatican city in Rome, Italy. This drawing shows the architecture…

"And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart, And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light." Matthew 17:1-2 KJV

The Transfiguration

"And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high…

"His career shows him to have been one of the greatest of Americans and the noblest of men. He learned three trades before he was twenty-one; his genious enabled him to rank high as an inventor; he was pre-eminently a man of affairs, his knowledge of men and business securing success in every venture; and most important of all, he was a broad and practical philanthropist." —The Popular Cyclopedia, 1888

Peter Cooper

"His career shows him to have been one of the greatest of Americans and the noblest of men. He learned…

"The Dome of St. Peter's from the Janiculan." — Young, 1901

Dome of St. Peter's

"The Dome of St. Peter's from the Janiculan." — Young, 1901

"Average weight five pounds; found on the European coasts, and celebrated for the delicacy of its flesh. This fish, having a golden spot on each side of it, contends with the haddock for the hnor of bearing the marks of St. Peter's fingers, each supposed to have been that out of whose mouth the apostle took the tribute-money, leaving on its sides in proof of the identity, the marks of his finger and thumb." — Goodrich, 1859

John Doree

"Average weight five pounds; found on the European coasts, and celebrated for the delicacy of its flesh.…

"And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray. And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch. And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him." Mark 14:32-35 KJV

Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane

"And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while…

"And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priest and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that is he: take him. And straightway he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, Rabbi; and kissed him. And Jesus said unto him, Friend, do that for which thou art come. Then they came and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. And behold, one of them that were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and smote the servant of the high priest, and struck off his ear." Matthew 26:47-51 ASV
<p>Illustration of Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss. To the right is a mob of people who came with Judas. To the left, Peter has drawn his sword to cut off the ear of Malchus, servant of Caiaphas, the high priest.

Judas Betrays Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane

"And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords…

Peter, Peter, pumpkin eater; Had a wife and couldn't keep her; He put her in a pumpkin shell; and there he kept her very well.

Peter

Peter, Peter, pumpkin eater; Had a wife and couldn't keep her; He put her in a pumpkin shell; and there…

Peter Stuyvesant, protesting vehemently against the signing of a treaty of surrender to the English

Peter Stuyvesant

Peter Stuyvesant, protesting vehemently against the signing of a treaty of surrender to the English

"Peter, a hermit of Picardy, on his return from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, represented the condition of the city. This hermit, of hideous figure, covered with rags, walking barefooted, speaking as a prophet, and hearkened to as such, inspired the people everywhere with an enthusiasm similar to his own." &mdash; Goodrich, 1844

Peter the Hermit and followers

"Peter, a hermit of Picardy, on his return from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, represented the condition…

"Statue of St Peter in the Bascilica." &mdash; Young, 1901

Statue of St Peter

"Statue of St Peter in the Bascilica." — Young, 1901

"facade of old St Peter's, Rome." &mdash; Encyclopediia Britannica, 1910

Old Facade of St. Peter's

"facade of old St Peter's, Rome." — Encyclopediia Britannica, 1910

"The column was originally surmounted by a colossal statue of Trajan (replaced in the seventh century by one of St. Peter), and contains no less than 2500 human figures and a great number of horses." &mdash;D'Anvers, 1895

Relief of Trajan Column

"The column was originally surmounted by a colossal statue of Trajan (replaced in the seventh century…

"And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart: and he was transfigured before them; and his face did shine as the sun, and his garments became white as the light. And behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elijah talking with him." Matthew 17:1-3 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus talking with Moses (left) and Elijah (right). Peter, James, and John appear in the foreground.

The Transfiguration

"And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them…

"While he was yet speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold, a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him. And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid. And Jesus came and touched them and said, Arise, and be not afraid. And lifting up their eyes, they saw no one, save Jesus only." Matthew 17:5-8 ASV
<p>Illustration of Jesus speaking to Peter, James, and John after the transfiguration on the mountain.

Jesus Speaks to His Disciples after the Transfiguration

"While he was yet speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold, a voice out of the…