"Ordinance is military guns of the larger class; artillery; also called rifles, guns, or cannon."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Driggs-Shroeder 6-Pounder

"Ordinance is military guns of the larger class; artillery; also called rifles, guns, or cannon."—(Charles…

"At the command <em>aim</em> raise the piece with both hands and support the butt firmly against the hollow of the right shoulder." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Aim

"At the command aim raise the piece with both hands and support the butt firmly against the…

"Left eye closed, right eye looking through the notch of the rear sight so as to perceive the object aimed at it." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Aim

"Left eye closed, right eye looking through the notch of the rear sight so as to perceive the object…

"Each rear-rank man aims through the interval to the right of his file leader and leans slightly forward to advance the muzzle of his piece beyond the front rank." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Aim

"Each rear-rank man aims through the interval to the right of his file leader and leans slightly forward…

"In aiming sitting, the elbows are supported by the knees." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Aim sitting

"In aiming sitting, the elbows are supported by the knees." — Moss, 1914

Showing the Battle for Atlanta, which Sherman won for the Union during the Civil War.

Battle of Atlanta

Showing the Battle for Atlanta, which Sherman won for the Union during the Civil War.

"At the second command sake the position of guard; at the same time throw the rifle smartly to the front, grasp the rifle with the left hand just below the lower band, fingers between the stock and gun sling, barrel turned slightly to the left, the right hand grasping the small of the stock about 6 inches in front of the right hip, elbows free from the body, bayonet point at the height of the chin." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Bayonet guard

"At the second command sake the position of guard; at the same time throw the rifle smartly to the front,…

"The force of the thrust is delivered principally with the right arm, the left being used to direct the bayonet. The points at which the attack should be directed are, in order of their importance, stomach, chest, head, neck, and limbs." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Bayonet thrust

"The force of the thrust is delivered principally with the right arm, the left being used to direct…

"The bolt and magazine mechanism can be dismounted without removing the stock. The latter should never be done, except for making repairs, and then only by some selected and instructed men." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Bolt and magazine

"The bolt and magazine mechanism can be dismounted without removing the stock. The latter should never…

"Parts shown are handle, A; sleeve, B; safety lock, C; cocking peice, D; safety lug, E; extractor, F; extractor collar, G; locking lugs, H; extractor tongue groove, I, and gas escape hole, J." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Bolt mechanism

"Parts shown are handle, A; sleeve, B; safety lock, C; cocking peice, D; safety lug, E; extractor, F;…

"Place the cutoff at the center notch; cock the arm and turn the safety lock to a vertical position, raise the bolt handle and draw out the bolt." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Bolt mechanism dismounting

"Place the cutoff at the center notch; cock the arm and turn the safety lock to a vertical position,…

The buffer consists of a tube in which are placed successively from front to rear, the buffer head, a brass friction cup with concave interior and split to allow it to spring; a steel cone to fit into the cup. For of these ups and cones are placed one after the other. Next is the buffer spring and finally the buffer nut which is screwed into the end of the tube and forms a seat for the spring.

Buffer Mechanism

The buffer consists of a tube in which are placed successively from front to rear, the buffer head,…

A father camping with his two sons.

Camping

A father camping with his two sons.

"Being at <em>club rifle</em>, order arms is resumed by command." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Club rifle

"Being at club rifle, order arms is resumed by command." — Moss, 1914

"Being at <em>club rifle</em>, order arms is resumed by command." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Club rifle

"Being at club rifle, order arms is resumed by command." — Moss, 1914

Two soldiers firing their weapons. One is standing behind a tree, while the other is in the crouching position.

Firing from the Crouched and Standing Positions

Two soldiers firing their weapons. One is standing behind a tree, while the other is in the crouching…

An illustration of a rifle expert medal.

Rifle Expert Medal

An illustration of a rifle expert medal.

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

Firearms, Black and White

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

Firearms, Color

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

Firearms, Outline

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

Firearms, Silhouette

This sign is used to indicate that firearms are allowed nearby.

A man firing his rifle from a doorway.

A Man Firing from a Doorway

A man firing his rifle from a doorway.

A soldier crouched in a window, firing his rifle from the covered position.

A Man Firing from a Window

A soldier crouched in a window, firing his rifle from the covered position.

From, Bache's book The Young Wrecker, the boy Fred Ransom defends himself against a Native American man.

Fred Ransom and a Native American

From, Bache's book The Young Wrecker, the boy Fred Ransom defends himself against a Native American…

Man firing rifle to rescue a young General Putnam from a tree.

Early Adventure of General Putnam

Man firing rifle to rescue a young General Putnam from a tree.

Gun used in early American military.

Gun

Gun used in early American military.

"Gun. A, breech; B, barrel; C, band; D, breech-block; E, butt; F, butt- or heel-plate; G, front sight or bead; H, guard- or trigger-plate; I, guard-bow; K, hammer; L, lock; M, peep-sight; N, N, pipes; O, pistol-grip; P, rear sight; Q, receiver; R, side-screws or -nails; S, S, stock; T, tip; U, trigger; V, wiping-rod." -Whitney, 1911

Parts of the Gun

"Gun. A, breech; B, barrel; C, band; D, breech-block; E, butt; F, butt- or heel-plate; G, front sight…

"Ordinance is military guns of the larger class; artillery; also called rifles, guns, or cannon."&mdash;(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

Noiseless and Flashless Gun

"Ordinance is military guns of the larger class; artillery; also called rifles, guns, or cannon."—(Charles…

A revoltionary gun with a long barrel and flint operated.

Revolutionary Gun

A revoltionary gun with a long barrel and flint operated.

A young Eliphalet Remington working on his rifle. Eliphalet Remington (1793-1861) was a blacksmith and made the revolutionary Remington sporting rifle.

Gunsmith: Eliphalet Remington

A young Eliphalet Remington working on his rifle. Eliphalet Remington (1793-1861) was a blacksmith and…

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

Hunting, Black and White

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

Hunting, Color

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

Hunting, Outline

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

Hunting, Silhouette

This sign is used to indicate that hunting is located nearby.

"At the second command take the position of arms. Seize the bolt handle with the thumb and forefinger of the right hand, turn the handle up, draw the bolt back, and glance at the chamber. Having found the chamber empty, or having emptied it, raise the head and eyes to the front." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Inspection arms

"At the second command take the position of arms. Seize the bolt handle with the thumb and forefinger…

"Kneel on right knee, sitting as nearly as possible on the right heel; left forearm across left thigh; piece remains in position of order arms, right hand grasping it above lower band." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Kneel

"Kneel on right knee, sitting as nearly as possible on the right heel; left forearm across left thigh;…

"Carry the piece with the right hand and place it on the left shoulder, barrel up, trigger guard in the hollow of the shoulder, at the same time grasp the butt with the left hand, heel between first and second fingeres, thumb and fingers closed on the stock." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Left shoulder, arms

"Carry the piece with the right hand and place it on the left shoulder, barrel up, trigger guard in…

A battle between English and colonial forces.

The Fight at Lexington

A battle between English and colonial forces.

"At the command load each front-rank man or skirmisher faces half right and carries the right foot to the right, about one foot." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"At the command load each front-rank man or skirmisher faces half right and carries the right foot to…

"With the right hand he turns and draws the bolt back." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"With the right hand he turns and draws the bolt back." — Moss, 1914

"Takes a loaded clip and inserts the end in the slip slots, places the thumb on the powder space of the top cartridge, the fingers extending around the piece and tips resting on the magazine floor plate." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"Takes a loaded clip and inserts the end in the slip slots, places the thumb on the powder space of…

"Carries the hand to the small of the stock." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Load

"Carries the hand to the small of the stock." — Moss, 1914

"Each rear rank moves to the right foot, takes a similar position opposite the interval to the right of his front rank man, muzzle of the piece extending beyond the front rank and loads."

Load

"Each rear rank moves to the right foot, takes a similar position opposite the interval to the right…

Chaimerlain and Paugus at Lovewell's Fight

Chamberlain and Paugus at Lovewell's Fight

Chaimerlain and Paugus at Lovewell's Fight

"Executed in the same manner as the thrust, except that the left foot is carried forward about twice its length. The left heel must always be in rear of the left knee. Guard is resumed immediately without command. Guard may also be resumed by advancing the right foot if, for any reason, it is desired to gain the ground held in lunging. In the latter case, the preparatory command <em>forward</em> will be given." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Lunge

"Executed in the same manner as the thrust, except that the left foot is carried forward about twice…

An illustration of an adult man holding a rifle in front of his body.

Man and Rifle

An illustration of an adult man holding a rifle in front of his body.

An illustration of a man in a military uniform standing at arm with a rifle.

Military Man at Arm

An illustration of a man in a military uniform standing at arm with a rifle.

An illustration of an army man standing at rest with a rifle.

Army Man at Rest with Rifle

An illustration of an army man standing at rest with a rifle.

An illustration of a man carrying a container with his rifle on his back and with a large knife in his belt loop.

Man Hunting

An illustration of a man carrying a container with his rifle on his back and with a large knife in his…

An illustration of a man walking along a road with his rifle slung over his shoulder and his bag hanging from the barrel.

Man Walking

An illustration of a man walking along a road with his rifle slung over his shoulder and his bag hanging…

An illustration of a rifle marksman medal.

Rifle Marksman Medal

An illustration of a rifle marksman medal.

An illustration of to men hunting near a river.

Two Men Hunting

An illustration of to men hunting near a river.

American soldiers fighting in Monterey, Mexico.

Capture of Monterey

American soldiers fighting in Monterey, Mexico.

Chief Osceola of the Florida Seminole Indians stands proudly at his tribe's village.

Osceola, Chief of the Seminoles

Chief Osceola of the Florida Seminole Indians stands proudly at his tribe's village.

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; carry the muzzle in front of the center of the body, barrel to the left; grasp the piece with the left hand just below the stacking swivel, and with the right hand below and against the left." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Parade rest

"Carry the right foot 6 inches straight to the rear, left knee slightly bent; carry the muzzle in front…

"Raise the rifle with both hands high enough to clear the line of vision, barrel downward, point of the bayonet to the left front. When necessary to raise the rifle well above the head, it may be supported between the thumb and forefinger of the left hand. This position will be necessary against attacks from higher elevation, such as men mounted or on top of parapets." &mdash; Moss, 1914

High parry

"Raise the rifle with both hands high enough to clear the line of vision, barrel downward, point of…

"Carry the point of the bayonet down until it is at the height of the knee, moving the point of the bayonet sufficiently to the right (left) to keep the opponent's attacks clear of the point threatened. These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Low parry

"Carry the point of the bayonet down until it is at the height of the knee, moving the point of the…

"These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Low parry

"These parries are rarely used, as an attack below the waist leaves the head and body exposed." —…

"With the right hand raise and throw the piece diagonally across the body, grasp it smartly with both hands, the right, palm down, at the small of the stock, the left, palm up, at the balance; barrel up, sloping to the left and crossing opposite the junction of the neck with the left shoulder." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Port arms

"With the right hand raise and throw the piece diagonally across the body, grasp it smartly with both…

"With the right hand carry the piece in front of the center of the body, barrel to the rear and vertical, grasp it with the left hand at the balance, forearm horizontal and resting against the body. Grasp the small of the stock with the right hand." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Present arms

"With the right hand carry the piece in front of the center of the body, barrel to the rear and vertical,…