A man laying prone, preparing to fire his rifle.

Firing from the Prone Position

A man laying prone, preparing to fire his rifle.

"At the command <em>ready</em> turn the safety lock to the 'ready'." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Ready

"At the command ready turn the safety lock to the 'ready'." — Moss, 1914

A man ships Remington rifles by boat, handing them off to a man on a bridge.

Shipping Remington Rifles

A man ships Remington rifles by boat, handing them off to a man on a bridge.

A rifle resting on the bayonet.

Rifle

A rifle resting on the bayonet.

"Carry the left hand smartly to the small of the stock, forearm horizontal, palm of hand down, thumb and fingers extended and joined, forefinger touching end of cocking piece, look toward the person saluted." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Rifle salute

"Carry the left hand smartly to the small of the stock, forearm horizontal, palm of hand down, thumb…

"Carry the left hand smartly to the right side, palm of the hand down, thumb and fingers extended and joined, forefinger against piece near the muzzle; look toward the person saluted." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Rifle salute

"Carry the left hand smartly to the right side, palm of the hand down, thumb and fingers extended and…

A sight is an optical device used to assist aim by guiding the eye and aligning it with a weapon or other item to be pointed.

Rifle Sight

A sight is an optical device used to assist aim by guiding the eye and aligning it with a weapon or…

Diagram of a rifle.

Diagram of a rifle

Diagram of a rifle.

"As additional instruction, the men may be permitted to wield the rifle left handed, that is on the left side of the body, left hand at the small of the stock. Many men will be able to use this method to advantage. It is also of value in case the left hand is wounded." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Left-handed rifle

"As additional instruction, the men may be permitted to wield the rifle left handed, that is on the…

The first rifle from Remington Arms, an American manufacturer of guns and ammunition.

Remington Rifle

The first rifle from Remington Arms, an American manufacturer of guns and ammunition.

"U.S. Rifle, CAL .30 M1903 (Springfield)." -War, 1944 The Springfield M1903, formally the United States Rifle, Caliber .30, Model 1903, is an American magazine-fed, bolt-action rifle used primarily during the first half of the 20th century. It was officially adopted as a United States military service rifle on June 19 1903, and saw service in World War I. It was officially replaced as the standard infantry rifle by the faster-firing, semi-automatic M1 Garand, starting in 1936.

Springfield M1903 Rifle

"U.S. Rifle, CAL .30 M1903 (Springfield)." -War, 1944 The Springfield M1903, formally the United States…

"Without changing the grasp of the right hand, place the piece on the right shoulder, barrel up and inclined at an angle of about 45 degrees from the horizontal trigger guard in the hollow of teh shoulder, right elbow near the side, the piece in a vertical plane perpendicular to the front." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Right shoulder, arms

"Without changing the grasp of the right hand, place the piece on the right shoulder, barrel up and…

An illustration of a rifle sharpshooter rifle.

Rifle Sharpshooter Medal

An illustration of a rifle sharpshooter rifle.

"Take an empty pistol ammunition box or a similar well-made box, remove the top and cut notches in the ends to fit the rifle closely. Place the rifle in these notches with the trigger guard close to and outside one end." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Sighting rest for rifle

"Take an empty pistol ammunition box or a similar well-made box, remove the top and cut notches in the…

"In resuming the order from any position in the manual, the motion next to the last concludes with the butt of the piece about 3 inches from the ground, barrel to the rear, the left hand above and near the right, steadying the piece, fingers extended and joined, forearm and wrist straight and inclining downward, all fingers of the right hand grasping the piece." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Soldier with rifle

"In resuming the order from any position in the manual, the motion next to the last concludes with the…

An imperial Japanese soldier.

Imperial Japanese soldier

An imperial Japanese soldier.

"The carbine boot may be used to advantage in splinting fractures of the thigh and leg." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Military splint

"The carbine boot may be used to advantage in splinting fractures of the thigh and leg." — Moss,…

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests the butt between his feet." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests…

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests the butt between his feet." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"Each even number of the front rank grasps his piece with the left hand at the upper band and rests…

"Throws the butt about 2 feet in advance of that of his own piece and opposite the right of the interval, the right hand slipping to the upper band, the thumb and forefinger raising the stacking swivel, which he engages with that of his own piece." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"Throws the butt about 2 feet in advance of that of his own piece and opposite the right of the interval,…

"He then turns the barrel outward into the angle formed by the other two pieces and lowers the butt to the ground, to the right and against the toe of his right shoe." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stack arms

"He then turns the barrel outward into the angle formed by the other two pieces and lowers the butt…

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces the charring effect og a heater barrel on the stock; small butt plate screw hole and seat for the butt plate tang, F; butt swivel plate seat, G; mortise for receiver tang lug and hole for rear guard screw, H; mortise for sear and slot for trigger, I; cut-off thumb-piece recess, J; mortise for recoil on the receiver, K; bed for fixed base, L; grasping grooves, N; shoulder for lower band, O; bed for band spring, P; shoulder for upper band, Q; channels for decreasing weight, R; upper band screw hole, S; and the stock screw hole, T. The large hole in butt is for decreasing weight, and the smaller one is a pocket for the combination oiler and thong case." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stock, right side view

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces…

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces the charring effect og a heater barrel on the stock; small butt plate screw hole and seat for the butt plate tang, F; butt swivel plate seat, G; mortise for receiver tang lug and hole for rear guard screw, H; mortise for sear and slot for trigger, I; cut-off thumb-piece recess, J; mortise for recoil on the receiver, K; bed for fixed base, L; grasping grooves, N; shoulder for lower band, O; bed for band spring, P; shoulder for upper band, Q; channels for decreasing weight, R; upper band screw hole, S; and the stock screw hole, T. The large hole in butt is for decreasing weight, and the smaller one is a pocket for the combination oiler and thong case." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Stock, top view

"The parts are the butt, A; small, B; magazine well, C; barrel bed, D; air chamber, E, which reduces…

Battle between Confederate and Union forces at Sudley Church.

Sherman's Brigade at Sudley Church

Battle between Confederate and Union forces at Sudley Church.

"Each even number of the front rank diengages and detaches his piece by turning it to the left." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Take arms

"Each even number of the front rank diengages and detaches his piece by turning it to the left." —…

"Raise the piece, right arm slightly bent, and incline the muzzle forward so that the barrel makes an angle of about thirty degrees with the vertical. When it can be done without danger or inconvenience to others, the piece may be grasped at the balance and the muzzle lowered until the piece is horizontal; a similar position in the left hand may be used." &mdash; Moss, 1914

Trail arms

"Raise the piece, right arm slightly bent, and incline the muzzle forward so that the barrel makes an…