Drawing of Tsar Alexander I. He was the first Grand Duke of Finland.

Tsar Alexander I

Drawing of Tsar Alexander I. He was the first Grand Duke of Finland.

Also known as Alexander the Liberator. He was the Emperor of the Russian Empire from 1855 until his assassination in 1881.

Alexander II of Russia

Also known as Alexander the Liberator. He was the Emperor of the Russian Empire from 1855 until his…

(1845-1894) Emperor of Russia from 1881-1894

Alexander III

(1845-1894) Emperor of Russia from 1881-1894

(1766-1835) Russian diplomat.

Christopher Anstey

(1766-1835) Russian diplomat.

Catharine the Great on horseback

Catharine the Great

Catharine the Great on horseback

Empress of Russia.

Catherine II

Empress of Russia.

Catherine II was the Empress of Russia from 1762 to 1796. Under her reign, the Russian Empire expanded and was modernized under Western European standards.

Catherine II

Catherine II was the Empress of Russia from 1762 to 1796. Under her reign, the Russian Empire expanded…

Catherine II, called Catherine the Great, reigned as Empress of Russia for 34 years, from 9 July [O.S. 28 June] 1762 until her death. Marrying into the Russian Imperial family, she came to power with the deposition of her husband Peter III and then presided over a significant period of growth in Russian influence and culture. She exemplified the enlightened despot of her era.

Catherine II of Russia

Catherine II, called Catherine the Great, reigned as Empress of Russia for 34 years, from 9 July [O.S.…

"Heavy obstacles employed in Manchuria by the Russians." — Moss, 1914

Cavalry barrier

"Heavy obstacles employed in Manchuria by the Russians." — Moss, 1914

"The country is densely populated, and we see children everywhere." —Carpenter, 1902

Russian children

"The country is densely populated, and we see children everywhere." —Carpenter, 1902

This covered cup was made in Moscow, Russia in a German 15th century style. The cup is footed with a geometric like design.

Covered, Cup

This covered cup was made in Moscow, Russia in a German 15th century style. The cup is footed with a…

This covered cup was made in Moscow, Russia in a German 15th century style. It has a handle and is in a geometric like design.

Covered, Cup

This covered cup was made in Moscow, Russia in a German 15th century style. It has a handle and is in…

This covered cup was made in Moscow, Russia in a German 15th century style. It has a handle and is in a geometric like design.

Covered, Cup

This covered cup was made in Moscow, Russia in a German 15th century style. It has a handle and is in…

This Cathedral door is made out of bronze and found in the cathedral of Russia.

Cathedral Door

This Cathedral door is made out of bronze and found in the cathedral of Russia.

"The Russians drink more tea perhaps than any other people. The tea is served in glass tumblers, with two or three lump of sugar and a slice of lemon, but without milk." —Carpenter, 1902

Drinking tea

"The Russians drink more tea perhaps than any other people. The tea is served in glass tumblers, with…

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the Persians as a standard in the battle of Cunaxa, B. C. 401. The Romans used eagles of silver, or more rarely of gold, carried in the same way as standards. The Napoleon dynasty of France also adopted the eagle as their symbol. A double-headed eagle is the emblem of Russia, Austria, and Prussia."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

French Eagle

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the…

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the Persians as a standard in the battle of Cunaxa, B. C. 401. The Romans used eagles of silver, or more rarely of gold, carried in the same way as standards. The Napoleon dynasty of France also adopted the eagle as their symbol. A double-headed eagle is the emblem of Russia, Austria, and Prussia."—(Charles Leonard-Stuart, 1911)

German Eagle

"The Eagle is an emblem in heraldry, war, and legend. The eagle, borne upon a spear, was used by the…

Russian minister of foreign affairs.

Nicholas de Giers

Russian minister of foreign affairs.

Russian infantry on the march.

Infantry

Russian infantry on the march.

"Ivan IV, The Terrible." — Lardner, 1885

Ivan IV

"Ivan IV, The Terrible." — Lardner, 1885

Famous Russian explorer who explored parts of Tunis and Upper Egypt.

Dr. William Junker

Famous Russian explorer who explored parts of Tunis and Upper Egypt.

Famous Russian general.

General Nicholas Kaulbars

Famous Russian general.

Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko was a Polish, Lithuanian and American national hero and general. He led the Kościuszko Uprising (1794) against Imperial Russia.

Thaddeus Kosciuszko

Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko was a Polish, Lithuanian and American national hero and…

A Russian citadel, which includes four palaces, four cathedrals, and the Kremlin towers. It is the official residence of the President of Russia.

The Kremlin

A Russian citadel, which includes four palaces, four cathedrals, and the Kremlin towers. It is the official…

(1848- ) Russian soldier

Alexei N. Kuropatkin

(1848- ) Russian soldier

"Shore Laplander." — Lardner, 1885

Shore Laplander

"Shore Laplander." — Lardner, 1885

"Mountain Laplanders."

Mountain Laplanders

"Mountain Laplanders."

The emperor of Russia from 1825 to 1855.

Nicholas I

The emperor of Russia from 1825 to 1855.

The last emperor of Russia, ruling from 1894 until his abdication in 1917.

Nicholas II of Russia

The last emperor of Russia, ruling from 1894 until his abdication in 1917.

Prince of Mingrelia and colonel in the Russian army.

Nicholas of Mingrelia

Prince of Mingrelia and colonel in the Russian army.

A Russian general in World War I.

The Grand Duke Nicholas

A Russian general in World War I.

Russian fair at Novorod.

Novorod

Russian fair at Novorod.

"Odessa is the chief city of southern Russia, and men from all the countries about come here to trade." —Carpenter, 1902

People of Odessa

"Odessa is the chief city of southern Russia, and men from all the countries about come here to trade."…

"There are trees here and there on each side of the roadway. Under one of them a woman is knitting, with her children about her; she has tied a box in which lies her baby to one of the branches above her, and she swings it now and then as she works." —Carpenter, 1902

Russian peasants

"There are trees here and there on each side of the roadway. Under one of them a woman is knitting,…

Peter I the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (June 1672–8 February 1725) ruled Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his weak and sickly half-brother, Ivan V. Peter carried out a policy of Westernization and expansion that transformed the Tsardom of Russia into the 3-billion acre Russian Empire, a major European power.

Peter I of Russia

Peter I the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (June 1672–8 February 1725) ruled Russia and later…

(1672-1725) Emperor of Russia

Peter the Great

(1672-1725) Emperor of Russia

The Church of the Resurrection of Christ in Petrograd. It was built on the spot where Alexander II was assassinated.

Church of the Resurrection of Christ, Petrograd

The Church of the Resurrection of Christ in Petrograd. It was built on the spot where Alexander II was…

"Michael Romanoff." — Lardner, 1885

Michael Romanoff

"Michael Romanoff." — Lardner, 1885

(1868-1918) Nicholas II or Nikolay Alexandrovic Romanov, czar of Russia, king of Poland, and grand duke of Finland.

Nicholas II

(1868-1918) Nicholas II or Nikolay Alexandrovic Romanov, czar of Russia, king of Poland, and grand duke…

Russia's "live and let live" motto.

Russia's Live and Let Live Motto

Russia's "live and let live" motto.

Russian soldier, 1901

Russia: soldier 1901

Russian soldier, 1901

Russian boy doll in traditional national costume.

Russian doll

Russian boy doll in traditional national costume.

A samovar (literally, self-boiler) is an urn kept at the table to heat and boil water in Russia, commonly used to make tea.

Samovar

A samovar (literally, self-boiler) is an urn kept at the table to heat and boil water in Russia, commonly…

A large metal container used to heat and boil water in.

Samovar

A large metal container used to heat and boil water in.

A scenic depiction of Russia during the late 1800's.

Scene in Russia

A scenic depiction of Russia during the late 1800's.

Thanksgiving European Style. The powers waiting to divide the Turkey, which Russia is still pursuing.

Thanksgiving European Style

Thanksgiving European Style. The powers waiting to divide the Turkey, which Russia is still pursuing.

A Russian field Transport Cart.

Transport Cart

A Russian field Transport Cart.

Ivan the Terrible was Ivan IV, czar of Russia.

Ivan Vasilyevich

Ivan the Terrible was Ivan IV, czar of Russia.

"A cartoon by Sir John Tenniel which appeared in the English journal Punch for June 10, 1854. The tsar is shown holding a bombshell to his ear and, as he listens to it (as children do to sea shells), having a vision of armed men."—Webster, 1920

What Nicholas Heard in the Shell

"A cartoon by Sir John Tenniel which appeared in the English journal Punch for June 10, 1854. The tsar…