Two young people sitting on the beach. Others are walking along the shore. There is a sailboat in the distance.

Relaxing on the Beach

Two young people sitting on the beach. Others are walking along the shore. There is a sailboat in the…

Cross-bedding of the Eolian type in the Orange sand or La Fayette Formation, Mississippi Central Railroad, Oxford, Mississippi.

Eolian Cross-bedding

Cross-bedding of the Eolian type in the Orange sand or La Fayette Formation, Mississippi Central Railroad,…

Eolian type of cross-bedding in ancient limestones, formed of uniform lime-sand grains south of St. Louis.

Eolian Cross-bedding

Eolian type of cross-bedding in ancient limestones, formed of uniform lime-sand grains south of St.…

Eolian type of cross-bedding in ancient limestones, formed of uniform lime-sand grains south of St. Louis.

Eolian Cross-bedding

Eolian type of cross-bedding in ancient limestones, formed of uniform lime-sand grains south of St.…

Section of a small delta in a lake, showing the fore-sets of pebbles and sand, the bottom-sets of clay, and the top-sets of coarse sand and pebbles.

Delta

Section of a small delta in a lake, showing the fore-sets of pebbles and sand, the bottom-sets of clay,…

The Sahara is the world's largest hot desert, 9,000,000 square kilometers, almost as large as the United States.

Desert of Sahara

The Sahara is the world's largest hot desert, 9,000,000 square kilometers, almost as large as the United…

Dredging, the excavating or scooping out of soil, mud, sand or rock under water by a machine called a dredge. Dredging is used in deepening and widening the beds of rivers, canals, harbors. The forms of modern dredges are very numerous, different conditions requiring different forms.

Dredge

Dredging, the excavating or scooping out of soil, mud, sand or rock under water by a machine called…

A storm composed of sand. It occurs when the air over the sand becomes hot, and rises. The differences in air pressure and temperature allow the cooler winds to rush in.

Dust Storm

A storm composed of sand. It occurs when the air over the sand becomes hot, and rises. The differences…

"A shallow frame of wood or iron used in foundries to contain the sand and patterns employed in molding and casting." -Whitney, 1911

Two-Part Flask

"A shallow frame of wood or iron used in foundries to contain the sand and patterns employed in molding…

A grain of sand as it appears under a microscope.

Grain of Sand

A grain of sand as it appears under a microscope.

Diagram showing the relationship of the black sapropelitic shales, the oil producers, to the limestone beds on the left and the sands on the right.

Limestone Beds

Diagram showing the relationship of the black sapropelitic shales, the oil producers, to the limestone…

Fragment of the wall rock (limestone) included in an ancient sandstone dike; the rock is shattered and the sand (shaded) injected into the fissures.

Limestone Fragment

Fragment of the wall rock (limestone) included in an ancient sandstone dike; the rock is shattered and…

A sand lizard, sunning itself on a rock.

Sand lizard

A sand lizard, sunning itself on a rock.

Gulliver gets a boat ready to sail to England.

Man flipping boat

Gulliver gets a boat ready to sail to England.

"Procure an open organ-pipe, at least one side of which is made of glass. While the pipe is emitting its fundamental tone, lower a small ring with a paper bottom, on which a little fine sand has been strewn, as shown. Just inside the upper part of the pipel, the sand dances...its motion becoming less energetic as the ring approaches the middle of the pipe." -Avery 1895

Organ Pipe

"Procure an open organ-pipe, at least one side of which is made of glass. While the pipe is emitting…

A plane for plowing a groove along the edge of a board.

Square Rabbet Plane

A plane for plowing a groove along the edge of a board.

Section to show normal progressive overlap of the formations and their shoreward change from muds to sands and pebbles.

Progressive Overlap

Section to show normal progressive overlap of the formations and their shoreward change from muds to…

Thin section of quartz sandstone shown under the microscope. The original rounded quartz grains are surrounded by new quartz, forming quartzite.

Quartz Sandstone

Thin section of quartz sandstone shown under the microscope. The original rounded quartz grains are…

Reynard the Fox and Isegrim the wolf fight each other. Reynard kicks dirt and sand up in Isegrim's eyes.

Reynard the Fox: Fighting the Wolf

Reynard the Fox and Isegrim the wolf fight each other. Reynard kicks dirt and sand up in Isegrim's eyes.

Diagram illustrating the forms of ripple marks and of the reverse impressions of the same.

Ripple Marks

Diagram illustrating the forms of ripple marks and of the reverse impressions of the same.

The typical representation of shores and low-water lines with sand on a topographical map.

Sand

The typical representation of shores and low-water lines with sand on a topographical map.

A diagram of a 100 ton sand and gravel storage and handling plant. "Capacity of bucket elevator is 40 tons per hour and the belt conveyor 25 tons per hour. The swivel loading spout in combination with the fixed bucket elevator will distribute material over a considerable area." -Meese, 1913

100 Ton Sand and Gravel Storage and Handling Plant

A diagram of a 100 ton sand and gravel storage and handling plant. "Capacity of bucket elevator is 40…

"The Common Sand-hopper, <em>Talitrus locusta</em>, which may be met with in thousands upon thousands of European shores, is a well-known example of this family. Although its length is not much more than half an inch, it can leap several inches into the air, and the facility with which it escapes pursuit by burrowing into the soft wet sand is truly wonderful." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sand-hopper

"The Common Sand-hopper, Talitrus locusta, which may be met with in thousands upon thousands…

"Among the British species are the Common Sand-Star, <em>Ophiura texturata</em>." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sand-star

"Among the British species are the Common Sand-Star, Ophiura texturata." — Goodrich,…

Cross-bedding in Sylvania sandstone.

Sandstone with Cross-bedding

Cross-bedding in Sylvania sandstone.

"A sandy stratum, a a, acting as a filter, occupies an inclined position between two other strata impervious to water, such as clay, the water being absorbed by the superficial parts of the strata, as at a a (which may be of very great extent), will penetrate through its whole depth, and, finding no egress below on account of the basin-like form of the stratum, or from its resting at the lower termination upon a compact rock, will accumulate." &mdash; Wells, 1857

Sandy Stratum

"A sandy stratum, a a, acting as a filter, occupies an inclined position between two other strata impervious…

"Five or six inches long; it is esteemed for the table, and resembles the common smelt in flavor; found in European waters." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Sand Smelt

"Five or six inches long; it is esteemed for the table, and resembles the common smelt in flavor; found…

The bank swallow (also known as the sand martin) lives in large communities, often of several hundred individuals.

Bank Swallow

The bank swallow (also known as the sand martin) lives in large communities, often of several hundred…

Conventional sand topography symbol commonly used in map drawing and drafting.

Sand Relief or Terrain Topography Symbol

Conventional sand topography symbol commonly used in map drawing and drafting.

A vial, approximately one third full of a dark granular substance, with a cork stopper.

One-third full vial

A vial, approximately one third full of a dark granular substance, with a cork stopper.

"Support, as shown, a glass or brass plate, square or round, and strew it evenly with fine sand. Place the finger at any point of the edge of the plate, so as to form a node there, and draw a violin bow at a point properly chosen. The sand immediately begins to dance on the plate and arrange itself along nodal lines. By changing the nodal points and bowing properly, other sand-figures may be produced, one of which is shown." -Avery 1895

Vibrating Plates

"Support, as shown, a glass or brass plate, square or round, and strew it evenly with fine sand. Place…