"Cats purr, dogs bark, cocks crow, a cow lows, a donkey brays, an eagle screams, parrots talk, spiders tick, mankind laugh and cry." -Trowbridge, 1866

Animal Rebus

"Cats purr, dogs bark, cocks crow, a cow lows, a donkey brays, an eagle screams, parrots talk, spiders…

"Mygale cæmentaria, typical of Araneida. A, female, natural size: At, cheliceræ; IV', pedipalpi; V', VI' maxillary feet; VII', VIII', thoracic feet; Cth, cephalothorax. B, last joint of pedipalpus of male, much magnified."-Whitney, 1902

Araneida

"Mygale cæmentaria, typical of Araneida. A, female, natural size: At, cheliceræ; IV', pedipalpi;…

"Atypus sulzeri. (Vertical line shows natural size.)"-Whitney, 1902.

Atypus

"Atypus sulzeri. (Vertical line shows natural size.)"-Whitney, 1902.

A beatle taking a look at his new spider neighbor.

Beatle Neighbor

A beatle taking a look at his new spider neighbor.

An illustration of Humber's "spider" bicycle.

Humber's "Spider" Bicycle

An illustration of Humber's "spider" bicycle.

"Entosternum of one of the mygalomorphous spiders; ventral surface. Ph.N., pharyngeal notch. The posterior median process with its repetition of triangular segments closely resembles the same process in Limulus." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Entosternum

"Entosternum of one of the mygalomorphous spiders; ventral surface. Ph.N., pharyngeal notch. The posterior…

"Dorsal surface of an entosternum. Ph.N., pharyngeal notch." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Entosternum

"Dorsal surface of an entosternum. Ph.N., pharyngeal notch." — The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

"A genus of spiders, the type of a family called Epeirdae. They are of those spiders which have only a pair of pulmonary sacs and spiracles; construct webs with regular meshes, formed by concentric circles and straight radii; and are furnished with a pair of almost contiguous eyes on each side; other four eyes forming a quadrangle in the center." — Chambers, 1881

Epeira Diadema

"A genus of spiders, the type of a family called Epeirdae. They are of those spiders which have only…

An illustration of small fairies surrounding a spider.

Fairies

An illustration of small fairies surrounding a spider.

"Closeup of a garden spider's foot, showing the 'combs' for clinging to webs."—Finley, 1917

Foot of a garden spider

"Closeup of a garden spider's foot, showing the 'combs' for clinging to webs."—Finley, 1917

"Some spiders, like the <em>Ctenizae</em>, close the mouth of their subterranean resdence with a most ingeniously-constructed trap-door, which the inhabitant closes with the utmost pertinacity when any attempt is made to invade the privacy of his domicile. Hence these, of which several species are found in the south of Europe and on the shores of the Mediterranean, are generally known as <em>Trap-door spiders</em>." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Garden-spider and trap-door spider

"Some spiders, like the Ctenizae, close the mouth of their subterranean resdence with a most…

"Some, of which the Common Garden Spider, <em>Epeira diadema</em> is an excellent example, construct a beautiful net, composed of stout radiating lines, intersected at tolerably regular intervals by circular filaments." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Garden-spiders

"Some, of which the Common Garden Spider, Epeira diadema is an excellent example, construct…

During the New York Election of 1879, John Kelly as the spider of the Tammany web. "'Come into my parlor,' said the 'Boss' spider to the New York fly."

Kelly and Tammany in 1879 Election

During the New York Election of 1879, John Kelly as the spider of the Tammany web. "'Come into my parlor,'…

The mandibles of the common garden spider.

Mandible

The mandibles of the common garden spider.

Little Miss Muffet, sat on a tuffet; Eating her curds and whey; Along came a spider, and sat down beside her, and frightened Miss Muffet away.

Miss Muffet

Little Miss Muffet, sat on a tuffet; Eating her curds and whey; Along came a spider, and sat down beside…

"The spiders with which we in temperate climates are most acquainted are of small size, but in hot regions there are several species whose extended legs occupy a circle of six or seven inches in diameter. Some of these, belonging to the genus <em>Mygale</em>, found in South America and Mexico, are said to attack young humming-birds, and to climb trees for this purpose." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Mygale

"The spiders with which we in temperate climates are most acquainted are of small size, but in hot regions…

"This order, sometimes called the <em>Pedipalpi</em>, or <em>feet-feelers</em>, and which derives its name from the Greek <em>polus</em>, many <em>mera</em>, divisions, and <em>somata</em>, bodies, includes two families, the first of which is the <em>Scorpiondae</em>, characterized by their elongated tail-like abdomen, armed at its extremity with a sort of hooked claw, which, when the creatures are in motion, is always carried over the back in a most threatening attitude." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Scorpion

"This order, sometimes called the Pedipalpi, or feet-feelers, and which derives its…

A Spider's spinning apparatus is peculiar. A reservoir inside contains gummy matter from which silk is made. It dries as fast as it is drawn out (Hooker, 1882).

Spider

A Spider's spinning apparatus is peculiar. A reservoir inside contains gummy matter from which silk…

Spider showing unusual shapes and patterns for purposes of camoflauge.

Spider

Spider showing unusual shapes and patterns for purposes of camoflauge.

Spider showing unusual shapes and patterns for purposes of camoflauge.

Spider

Spider showing unusual shapes and patterns for purposes of camoflauge.

Spider, with cocoon attached to spinnerets.

Spider

Spider, with cocoon attached to spinnerets.

Spiders are distinct from insects by having four pairs of legs.

Spider

Spiders are distinct from insects by having four pairs of legs.

An extensive division of insects, which includes the scorpions and mites. The spiders differ from most insects in that the body consists of only two segments instead of three, the head and chest being united to form one segment.

Spider

An extensive division of insects, which includes the scorpions and mites. The spiders differ from most…

"Bird-catching Spider, a name originally given to a large spider, Mygale avicularia, a native of Cayenne and Surinam; but which is now more extensively applied, being equally appropriate to a number of large species of Mygale and Epeira, berhaps also of other genera. It has, indeed, been denied by some observers that the name is truly appropriate, but the positive evidence is too strong to be easily set aside by evidence merely negative." &mdash; Chambers, 1881

Spider

"Bird-catching Spider, a name originally given to a large spider, Mygale avicularia, a native of Cayenne…

"Ventral view of a male mygalomorphous spider. I to VI, The six pairs of prosomatic appendages. a, Copulatory apparatus of the second appendage. a, Copulatory apparatus of the second appendage. b, Process of the fifth joint of the third appendage. M, Mouth. pro, Prosternite of the prosoma. mes, Mesosternite of the prosoma: observe the contact of the coxae of the sixth pair of limbs behind it; compare Liphistius where this does not occus. stg, Lung aperture. gn, Genital aperture. a, Anus with a pair of backwardly migrated spinning appendages on each side of it; compare the position of these appendages in Liphistius." &mdash; The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Spider

"Ventral view of a male mygalomorphous spider. I to VI, The six pairs of prosomatic appendages. a, Copulatory…

A spider.

Spider

A spider.

A magnified image of a spider.

Spider

A magnified image of a spider.

A spider and its web.

Spider Web

A spider and its web.

A family of spiders on a web with one caught in it.

Spider Web

A family of spiders on a web with one caught in it.

<p>A full frame border of a spider and her web. Suitable for Halloween and other spooky occasions.</p>

<p>Illustrated by James Basom Seaman II</p>

Spider Web Border

A full frame border of a spider and her web. Suitable for Halloween and other spooky occasions. Illustrated…

"Another remarkable member of the Araneidae is the Diving Spider, <em>Argyroneta aquatica</em>, which weaves itself a curious little bell-shaped dwelling at the bottom of the water, to which it retires to devor its prey." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Spider, diving

"Another remarkable member of the Araneidae is the Diving Spider, Argyroneta aquatica, which…

A garden spider (<em>Epetra diadema</em>) and its web.

Garden spider

A garden spider (Epetra diadema) and its web.

A common house spider, <em>tegenaria domestica</em>.

House spider

A common house spider, tegenaria domestica.

The body of a spider consists of two parts, connected by a constricted waist, the unsegmented cephalpthorax and a large, soft, unsegmented abdomen.

Jumping Spider

The body of a spider consists of two parts, connected by a constricted waist, the unsegmented cephalpthorax…

"In these the back is usually covered with spines and hairs. They generally live in deep water, and rarely approach the shore." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Spinous spider-crab

"In these the back is usually covered with spines and hairs. They generally live in deep water, and…

An illustration of a small and large spider.

Spiders

An illustration of a small and large spider.

"The <em>Eriphea spinifrons</em>, for instance, distributed in nearly all seas, has the front covered with numerous sharp spines." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Eriphia spinifrons

"The Eriphea spinifrons, for instance, distributed in nearly all seas, has the front covered…

the spinnerets of the common garden spider that are used to spin webs.

Spinnerets

the spinnerets of the common garden spider that are used to spin webs.

"The most remarkable organs perceptable on the abdomen of the spiders are the <em>spinnerets</em>, by means of which they spin their curious and often beautiful webs, which have attracted the attention and excited the admitation of mankind in all ages. These spinnerets are little teat-like organs, placed close to the extremity of the abdomen, on its lower surface." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Spinnerets of a spider

"The most remarkable organs perceptable on the abdomen of the spiders are the spinnerets, by…

"The most celebrated of the Lycosidae is the Tarantula, <em>Lycosa tarantula</em>, of Southern Europe, whose bite is supposed by the natives of Italy to cause death, unless the patient be relieved by music and violent dancing." &mdash; Goodrich, 1859

Tarantula

"The most celebrated of the Lycosidae is the Tarantula, Lycosa tarantula, of Southern Europe,…