Minerva, with Aegis. From an ancient statue.

Minerva

Minerva, with Aegis. From an ancient statue.

Of a less ambitious class were those monuments erected in honor of the victorious choragus in musical competitions. In these structures the tripod, as the reward of victory, was borne in mind. An instance of this style of building is preserved to us in the choragic monument of Lysicrates.

Choragic Monument of Lysicrates

Of a less ambitious class were those monuments erected in honor of the victorious choragus in musical…

Of a less ambitious class were those monuments erected in honor of the victorious choragus in musical competitions. In these structures the tripod, as the reward of victory, was borne in mind. An instance of this style of building is preserved to us in the choragic monument of Lysicrates.

Finial of the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates

Of a less ambitious class were those monuments erected in honor of the victorious choragus in musical…

The 'Last Days of Napoleon' by the Swiss sculptor, Vincenzo Vela.

Last Day of Napoleon

The 'Last Days of Napoleon' by the Swiss sculptor, Vincenzo Vela.

"The following cut from an antique in the British Museum, represents the head of Neptune. The hair rises from the forehead, and then falls down in flakes, as if wet." — Anthon, 1891

Head of Neptune

"The following cut from an antique in the British Museum, represents the head of Neptune. The hair rises…

"Nike, or Victory." —Bulfinch, 1897

Nike

"Nike, or Victory." —Bulfinch, 1897

Piers and columns sustained the roofs for chambers that were too wide for single lintels, and produced, in halls like those of Karnak, of the Ramesseum, or of Denderah, a stupendous effect by their height, massiveness, number, and color decoration. The simplest piers were plain square shafts. The most striking were those against whose front faces were coarved colossal figures of Osiris, as at Luxor, Medinet Habu, and Karnak.

Osiris Pier, Medinet Habu

Piers and columns sustained the roofs for chambers that were too wide for single lintels, and produced,…

The Palladium, an ancient statue.

The Palladium

The Palladium, an ancient statue.

"The Palladium." —Bulfinch, 1897

The Palladium

"The Palladium." —Bulfinch, 1897

Detail from the low relief marble sculpture, the Parthenon Frieze.

Parthenon Frieze

Detail from the low relief marble sculpture, the Parthenon Frieze.

"The enormous influence which Pericles exercised for so long a period over an ingenious but fickle people like the Athenians is an unquestionalbe proof of his intellectual superiority. This hold on the public affection is to be attributed to a great extent to his extraordinary eloquence. As the accomplished man of genius and the liberal patron of literature and art, Pericles is worthy of the highest admiration." — Smith, 1882

Bust of Pericles

"The enormous influence which Pericles exercised for so long a period over an ingenious but fickle people…

A statue of Oliver Hazard Perry located in Cleveland, Ohio.

Statue of Oliver Hazard Perry

A statue of Oliver Hazard Perry located in Cleveland, Ohio.

"Pindar, though the contemporary of Simonides, was considerably his junior. He was born either at, or in the neighborhood of Thebes in Baeotia, about the year 522 B.C. Later writers tell us that his future glory as a poet was miraculously foreshadowed by a swarm of bees which rested upon his lips when he was asleep, and that this miracle first led him to compose poetry. He commenced his profesional career at an early age, and soon acquired so great a reputation, that he was employed by various states and princes of the Hellenic race to compose choral songs." — Smith, 1882

Bust of Pindar

"Pindar, though the contemporary of Simonides, was considerably his junior. He was born either at, or…

"Plato was born in Athens in 429 B.C., the year in which Pericles died. His first literary attempts were in poetry; but his attention was soon turned to philosophy, by the teaching of Socrates, whose lectures he began to frequent at about the age of twenty." — Smith, 1882

Bust of Plato

"Plato was born in Athens in 429 B.C., the year in which Pericles died. His first literary attempts…

"Statue of an Assyrian Priest." —D'Anvers, 1895

Assyrian priest

"Statue of an Assyrian Priest." —D'Anvers, 1895

"Review of Confederate troops on their march to Virginia, in front of the Pulaski Monument, Monument Square, Savannah, Ga., August 7th, 1861. The Pulaski Monument is situated in Johnson or Monument Square. It is a fine Doric obelisk of marble, 53 feet in height. The base of the pedestal is 10 feet 4 inches by 6 feet 8 inches, and its elevation is about 12 feet. The corner stone was laid by Lafayette during his visit to the United States in 1825. The needle which surmounts the pedestal is 37 feet high. Another and very elegant structure has also been erected to the memory of this gallant foreigner in Chippewa Square. Pulaski was killed in the attack made by the allied American and French armies in 1779, when the British held possession of Savannah." —Leslie, 1896

Pulaski Monument

"Review of Confederate troops on their march to Virginia, in front of the Pulaski Monument, Monument…

"The story of Pygmalion and his statue is in all probability an allegory. Pygmalion was a virtuous and honorable man, who became disgusted with the vice of the women of Cyprus, and would have nothing to do with them; having brought up a ward with much care and virtue, he fell in love with her and married her." —Bulfinch, 1897

Pygmalion

"The story of Pygmalion and his statue is in all probability an allegory. Pygmalion was a virtuous and…

"A black granite statue of the youthful Ramses II. It is probably a faithful portrait. No better work was ever produced by the Egyptian sculpture."—Webster, 1913

Ramses II

"A black granite statue of the youthful Ramses II. It is probably a faithful portrait. No better work…

"Statue of Major General John f. Reynolds."— Frank Leslie, 1896

Reynolds Statue

"Statue of Major General John f. Reynolds."— Frank Leslie, 1896

A Greek statue.

Victory of Samothreace

A Greek statue.

In ancient architecture, a sort of second plinth or block under a column statue, to raise it.

Scamillus

In ancient architecture, a sort of second plinth or block under a column statue, to raise it.

"Workmen are represented polishing and painting statues of men, sphinxes, and small figures; and two instances occur of large granite colossi, surrounded with scaffolding, on which men are engaged in polishing and chiselling the stone, the painter following the sculptor to color the hieroglypics which he has engraved on the back of the statue." — Goodrich, 1844

Egyptian sculptors

"Workmen are represented polishing and painting statues of men, sphinxes, and small figures; and two…

A statue of Siva.

Siva

A statue of Siva.

"This celebrated philosopher was born inthe year 468 B.C., in the immediate neighborhood of Athens. His father, Sophroniscus, was a sculptor, and Socrates was brought up to, and for some time practiced the same profession. He was married to Xanthippe, by whom he had three sons, but her bad temper has rendered her name proverbial for a conjugal scold. His physical constitution was healthy, robust, and wonderfully enduring." — Smith, 1882

Bust of Socrates

"This celebrated philosopher was born inthe year 468 B.C., in the immediate neighborhood of Athens.…

"Figure of a fallen warrior, represented among the sculptures now at Munich, belonging to the temple in Aegina. In consequence of the bending of the knees, the greaves are seen to project a little above them. The statue also shows very distinctly the ankle-rings." — Anthon, 1891

Fallen soldier

"Figure of a fallen warrior, represented among the sculptures now at Munich, belonging to the temple…

Nine hundred sphinx's with rams' heads, representing Amon, were built in Thebes, where his cult was strongest.

Sphinx at Thebes

Nine hundred sphinx's with rams' heads, representing Amon, were built in Thebes, where his cult was…

"Statue of St Peter in the Bascilica." — Young, 1901

Statue of St Peter

"Statue of St Peter in the Bascilica." — Young, 1901

This statue is of Saer de Quincy. He was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John of England.

Statue

This statue is of Saer de Quincy. He was one of the leaders of the baronial rebellion against King John…

This statue depicts Godfrey of Bouillon who was one of the leaders of the First Crusade during medieval times in 1095.

Statue

This statue depicts Godfrey of Bouillon who was one of the leaders of the First Crusade during medieval…

"The Statue of Liberty was given by the Frenchmen to the people of the United States. The statue cost more than $200,000 and was paid for by 10,000 Frenchman."

The Statue of Liberty

"The Statue of Liberty was given by the Frenchmen to the people of the United States. The statue cost…

An illustration of a wood statue of a man dated back to 2600 B. C.

Statue of Man

An illustration of a wood statue of a man dated back to 2600 B. C.

"Egyptian Statue in black basalt. Heroic size, in the British Museum." —D'Anvers, 1895

Egyptian statue

"Egyptian Statue in black basalt. Heroic size, in the British Museum." —D'Anvers, 1895

"Jupon from the Effigy of Sir Edmund de Thorpe, Ashwel-Thorpe Church, Norfolk."—Aveling, 1891

Jupon of Sir Edmund de Thorpe

"Jupon from the Effigy of Sir Edmund de Thorpe, Ashwel-Thorpe Church, Norfolk."—Aveling, 1891

"Thucydides, the greatest of the Greek historians, was an Athenian, and was born in the year 471 B.C. His family was connected with that of Miltiades and Cimon. He possessed gold mines in Thrace, and enjoyed great influence in that country." — Smith, 1882

Bust of Thucydides

"Thucydides, the greatest of the Greek historians, was an Athenian, and was born in the year 471 B.C.…

"According to the poets, it was by stratagem that this famous city was at last overcome. They tell us that the Greeks constructed a wooden horse of prodigious size, and in the body of which they concealed a number of armed men, and then retired towards the sea-shore to induce the enemy to believe that the besiegers had given up the enterprise, and were about to return home. Deceived by this maneuver, the Trojans brought the gigantic horse into the city, and the men who had been concealed within it, stealing out in the night time, unbarred the gates and admitted the Grecian army within the walls." — Goodrich, 1844

Trojan horse

"According to the poets, it was by stratagem that this famous city was at last overcome. They tell us…

The wooden Trojan horse from Vergil's <em>Aeneid</em>.

The Wooden Trojan Horse

The wooden Trojan horse from Vergil's Aeneid.

A doodad, with a trophy-shaped object in the middle.

Trophy doodad

A doodad, with a trophy-shaped object in the middle.

This statuette vase is designed in an Elizabethan style. The statuettes represent Newton, Bacon, Shakespeare, and Watt, commemorating Astronomy, Philosophy, Poetry and Mechanics.

Statuette Vase

This statuette vase is designed in an Elizabethan style. The statuettes represent Newton, Bacon, Shakespeare,…

The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo.

Venus de Milo

The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo.

The Statue of Victory represents a Greek Goddess.

Statue of Victory

The Statue of Victory represents a Greek Goddess.

Statue of vishnu.

Vishnu

Statue of vishnu.

Warren's Monument was created in memory of Mason and fallen Bunker Hill hero Dr. Joseph Warren in 1794 by King Solomon's Lodge of Masons and was initially an 18 foot (5.5 m) wooden pillar topped with a gilt urn.

Warren's Monument

Warren's Monument was created in memory of Mason and fallen Bunker Hill hero Dr. Joseph Warren in 1794…

The marble sculpture, Winged Victory of Samothrace.

Winged Victory of Samothrace

The marble sculpture, Winged Victory of Samothrace.

A cartoon of a woman tending to a baby carriage, with a statue of a Native American holding an ax behind her.

Woman Tending to Baby Carriage

A cartoon of a woman tending to a baby carriage, with a statue of a Native American holding an ax behind…

A sculpture of a woman with a lyre.

Statue of a Woman

A sculpture of a woman with a lyre.

Eleazer Derby Wood (1783 &ndash; September 17, 1814) was an American Army officer in the War of 1812. He was distinguished at Fort Erie, where he lost his life in a sortie. Colonel Wood was much beloved by General Brown, who caused a handsome marble monument to be erected to his memory at West Point. Also, he was the namesake of Fort Wood on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor on which the Statue of Liberty was built. He is also the namesake of Wood County, Ohio.

Colonel Eleazer Derby Wood's Monument at West Point

Eleazer Derby Wood (1783 – September 17, 1814) was an American Army officer in the War of 1812.…

"The World's Fair at Chicago. Central portion of MacMonnies Fountain- effect of electric light."—E. Benjamin Andrews 1895

World's Fair

"The World's Fair at Chicago. Central portion of MacMonnies Fountain- effect of electric light."—E.…

The Monument marks the grave site of the bones of victims of the Wyoming Massacre, which took place on July 3, 1778. Local residents banded together to defend the area against an invasion of British Tories as well as pro-Tory Native Americans. The battle ended in defeat for the colonial fighters and considerable brutality followed the actual Battle. In 1833, the bones were reinterred in a vault under the present Monument. The monument is located in the borough of Wyoming, Pennsylvania.

The Wyoming Monument

The Monument marks the grave site of the bones of victims of the Wyoming Massacre, which took place…

The Great Seal of the State of Wyoming. The seal shows two men symbolizing livestock and mining next to a draped statue with the banner "Equal Rights." The ribbon around the columns reads "Oil, Mines, Livestock, Grain."

Seal of Wyoming

The Great Seal of the State of Wyoming. The seal shows two men symbolizing livestock and mining next…

Yorktown was the base of British General Charles Cornwallis during the 1781 siege, which was the last major battle of the American Revolutionary War. The Yorktown Victory Monument commemorates the victory, the alliance with France that brought it about and the resulting peace with England.

The Yorktown Monument

Yorktown was the base of British General Charles Cornwallis during the 1781 siege, which was the last…

"Head of Olympian Zeus (Jupiter)." &mdash; Smith, 1882

Head of Zeus

"Head of Olympian Zeus (Jupiter)." — Smith, 1882