Hydrometer of constant weight

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“As generally made, a hydrometer of constant weight consists of a glass tube near the bottom of which are two bulbs. The lower and smaller bulb is loaded with mercury or shot. The tube and upper bulb contain air. The point to which it sinks when placed in water is marked zero. The tube is graduated, the scale being arbitrary, and varying with the purpose for which the instrument is intended.” — Avery, 1895


Elroy M. Avery School Physics (New York: Sheldon and Company, 1895) 171


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